Rackham Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
THE UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
of the D.D.R.
ZELJKO STRAKA, Conductor
Monday Evening, February 8, 1988, at 8:00 Rackham Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Concerto Grosso in D major, Op. 6, No. 1........................... Corelli
Allegro, largo, allegro
Concerto in D minor for Oboe, String Orchestra, and Continuo ... A. Marcello Andante e spiccato Adagio Presto
Dieter Wagner, Oboist
Concerto in G major for Viola and String Orchestra ................ Telemann
Karl-Heinz Dommus, Violist
Concerto in D major for Two Violins, Two Cellos,
String Orchestra, and Continuo, RV 564 .......................... Vivaldi
Wolf-Dieter Batzdorf and Bono Prczesdzing, Violinists Mathias Pfaender and Manfred Herzog, Cellists
Sinfonia for Trumpet, String Orchestra, and Continuo ................ Torelli
Mathias Schmutzler, Trumpeter
Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite III, Op. 40 ...........................Respighi
Aire di Corte Passacaglia
Halls Cough Tablets, courtesy of Warner-Lambert Company, are available in the lobby. Thirtieth Concert of the 109th Season Twenty-fifth Annual Chamber Arts Series
Concerto Grosso in D major, Op. 6, No. 1................Arcangelo Corelli
Violinist, teacher, and founder of the classical school of violin playing, Arcangelo Corelli published relatively little as a composer, but his works are both absorbing in their own right and significant in musical history. With the violin replacing the viol as the principal string instru?ment, Corelli was acknowledged as its master, and musicians came from all over Europe to study with him. His sets of violin sonatas laid the foundation for all solo violin playing, and the twelve Concert! grossi published as his Opus 6 set a new fashion in instrumental music that quickly spread throughout Europe.
Here for the first time Corelli introduced a disposition of the orchestra into two groups: a concertino of two violins and cello, and a ripieno of the remaining strings scored in four parts. Into this mold the composer was able to pour all his finest qualities -the brillance of his solo invention, an added richness of harmony, the dramatic contrast between the two groups of instruments, and an engaging freshness of spirit. His Concerti grossi are the direct precursors of Handel's similar works, of Bach's "Brandenburg" Concertos, of Vivaldi's orchestral con?certos, and ultimately of the whole eighteenth-century tradition of string music.
Concerto in D minor for Oboe, String Orchestra,
and Continuo....................................Alessandro Marcello
The brothers Marcello (Alessandro and Benedetto) were among the principal musical citizens of Venice in an era which boasted also of the names Albinoni and Vivaldi. A good deal of Alessandro's music has been lost, but several collections were published during his lifetime. Among them is a set of six concertos for oboe (or flute) and principal violin and orchestra, but the present D minor concerto is not one of these; it is, rather, an earlier work published around 1716.
This concerto has been called one of the supremely beautiful works of the Venetian School. The Andante e spiccato is characterized by a bold orchestra line utilizing falling sevenths, over which the oboe pursues its own path. In the Adagio, the oboe sings a poignant, long-phrased line over the pulsing accompaniment. The sprightly closing Presto contains a thematic figure remarkably similar to one of Bach's in the St. John Passion -the bass aria Eilt, eilt, ihr ange focht'nen Seelen.
Concerto in G major for Viola and String Orchestra ... Georg Philipp Telemann
Telemann was an extraordinarily active musician. Born in Magdeburg, he studied law in Leipzig, but a year later was director of music of the new church in that city. A self-taught musician, he wrote in all forms of music known at the time, his compositions distinguished by elegance, beauty of form, and striking dramatic elan. His productiveness is almost legendary; he composed more works than Bach and Handel put together. The too-frequent judgment, however, declaring Telemann to have been a "composing machine" places more emphasis on the sheer number of his works than on their true quality. In 65 years he wrote 12 complete full-year cycles of church cantatas, 44 passions, 44 operas, 75 works for religious occasions, 200 orchestral suites, 35 oratorios, numerous concertos for various instruments, and sonatas for trios and for solo instruments. The Concerto for Viola in G major takes its point of departure from the works of Vivaldi and Corelli, with Telemann adding his own personal note in the handling of form and the way in which he makes the solo instrument sing. In the fast movements, the treatment tends toward a mathematical working-out of the material rather than toward decorative figuration. In the slow movement, the tradition of the German song becomes very apparent.
Concerto in D major for Two Violins, Two Cellos,
String Orchestra, and Continuo, RV 564 ................. Antonio Vivaldi
The term "concerto" was first used for vocal compositions supported by an instrumental or organ accompaniment, in order to distinguish such pieces from the then-current style of unaccompanied a cappclla music. In the field of purely instrumental music, the term adopted a more characteristic significance, that of contrasting performing bodies playing in alternation. This style, which some writers of the seventeenth century called stile moderno is one of the most typical characteristics of Baroque music. On the basis of this definition, the history of the
concerto prior to Mozart may conveniently be divided into three main periodsone from 1620 to 1670, the second from 1670 to 1750, and third from 1750 to 1780.
Vivaldi wrote in the second period -1670 to 1750 -when the Baroque concerto arrived at its peak. The main advance over the previous period is the replacement of the sectional canzona structure by a form in three or four different movements, and the adoption of a fuller, more homophonic style, with increasing melodic emphasis on the upper parts. Within the comprehensive literature of this period, three types can be distinguished: the concerto sinfonia, the concerto grosso, and the solo concerto. The numerous concertos of Antonio Vivaldi became famous quickly, owing to the exploitation of the solo instrument and to the new style of rhythmic precision which pervades his compositions.
Vivaldi's style soon became the model of concerto form. Practically all of his concertos are in three movements -quick, slow, quick -a scheme that remains to the present day.
Sinfonia for Trumpet, String Orchestra, and Continuo ....... Giuseppe Torelli
Born in Verona, Torelli studied the violin and composition in Bologna. In 1686, he was called to fill the duties of violin soloist in the Chapel of San Petronio Church. Nine years later, he undertook a tour of Germany, and in 1698 the Margrave of Brandenburg-Anspach chose him as his music director. In 1701, he returned to Bologna and died there eight years later. Torelli produced abundantly in the course of his relatively short life. Besides one oratorio, we are indebted to him for a large quantity of instrumental works. He may have been the creator of the concerto grosso (his Opus 8 Concerti grossi were the first to be published, in 1709), and he was one of the first, if not the first, to introduce the role of instrumental soloist to this type of work.
Ancient Airs and Dances, Suite III, Op. 40 ................ Ottorino Respighi
One of Italy's most important composers of this century, Respighi was keenly interested in the music of the sixteenthand seventeenth centuries. Much of the music of this period was for the lute, a pear-shaped, plucked stringed instrument, the most popular of its day. It accom?panied singing, was heard in ensembles, and could play dance tunes. Respighi fashioned three orchestral suites out of this music, transcribing it freely, but preserving its vague charm and elegance. The Third Suite, for string orchestra, was completed in 1931.
About the Artists
Comprised of 22 of the finest musicians of East Germany's leading orchestras, the Camer?ata Musica was formed in 1973 under the guidance of Professor Zeljko Straka. Since 1984, the string ensemble has been led by Wolf-Dieter Batzdorf, first concertmaster of the Berlin State Orchestra, and has earned a reputation for its style, precision, beauty of sound, and interpreta?tion. The string ensemble forms the core of the orchestra and, according to repertoire require?ments, other instruments are added. Featuring a repertoire spanning the masters of the German and Italian Baroque era, as well as the classical and contemporary periods, the members of the ensemble arc often soloists in the programs, as well as attracting such leading guest artists as the famous Russian violinist Vladimir Spivakov. Among Camerata Musica's successful tours have been those of the U.S.S.R., the Eastern European countries, Central and South America, India, Finland, and China. The present tour marks their first visit to the United States.
Zeljko Straka has been the conductor of the Camerata Musica since 1973. Professor Straka studied at the Music Academy at Zagreb and, in 1967, became musical assistant to Walter Felsenstein at the Komische Oper in Berlin.. He has conducted at the state operas of Berlin, Dresden, Leipzig, in the U.S.S.R., Poland, Rumania, India, Finland, Italy, Spain, and West Germany. In 1972, he was awarded the gold medal of the Italian Society of Composers for interpretation of contemporary Italian music. Professor Straka's other honors include the National Order of Merit (1979) and the Goethe Prize of Berlin D.D.R. (1980). His numerous recordings are found on the Supraphon and Eterna labels.
Wolf-Dieter Batzdorf, Leader Boris Antos Karl-Hcinz Dcutscher Karl-Heinz Dommus Lothar Fricdrich Manfred Herzog
Lieselotte Kuchn Lothar Lchmann Baldur Moser Johannes Neumann Mathias Pfaender Bodo Prczesdzing
Mathias Schmutzler Peter Seydel Dietrich Sprenger Christian Trompler Dieter Wagner Klaus Waetzig
Lynn Harrell, Cellist; Igor Kipnis, Harpsichordist .............. Sun. Feb. 14
All-Bach: Sonatas, Nos. 1, 2, and 3; Chromatic Fantasy and Fugue
(harpsichord alone); Suite No. 3 (cello alone)
Bayanihan Philippine Dance Company..................... Mon. Feb. 29
English Chamber OrchestraJeffrey Tate .................. Mon. Mar. 7
Frank Peter Zimmermann, Violinist
Mozart: "Marriage of Figaro" Overture; Mozart: Violin Concerto in
A major, K. 216; Gordon Jacob: Mini-Concerto for Clarinet; Haydn:
Symphony No. 101 ("Clock")
Hubbard Street Dance Company .................. Sat., Sun. Mar. 12, 13
Belgrade State Folk Ensemble ............................. Sun. Mar. 13
Christopher Parkening, Guitarist ..............................Fri. Mar. 18
Music of Bach, Mozart, Granados, Albeniz, Torroba, Sanz,
Villa-Lobos, Rodrigo, and Falla Faculty Artists Concert (free admission, 3:00 p.m.) ......... Sun. Mar. 20
Schumann: Song cycle, "Dichterliebe," Leslie Guinn, baritone,
Martin Katz, pianist; Schubert: "Trout" Quintet, D. 667 Andre Watts, Pianist ........................................... Sat. Apr. 2
Haydn: Sonata No. 58, Hob. XVI48; Mozart: Sonata in F, K. 332;
Brahms: Piano Pieces, Op. 119; Schubert: Sonata, D. 784 (Op. 143),
and "Wanderer" Fantasy
Bonn Woodwind Quintet .................................... Fri. Apr. 8
Steven Masi, Pianist
Haydn: Divertimento No. 1; Reicha: Quintet, Op. 88, No. 2;
Beethoven: Piano Quintet, Op. 16; Mozart: Quintet, K. 406;
Hindemith: "Kleine Kammermusik"; Poulenc: Piano Sextet
Monte Carlo PhilharmonicLawrence Foster ............... Fri. Apr. 22
Katia & Marielle Labeque, Duo-pianists
Berlioz: Overture to "Benvenuto Cellini"; Bruch: Concerto for Two
Pianos, Op. 88; Paul Cooper; Double Concerto (violin and viola);
Roussel: Bacchus et Ariane, Suite No. 2
Complement your concertgoing with these presentations designed to enhance your musical experience via the expertise of the following speakers. The place is the Rackham Building at 7:00 p.m., open to the public at S3, tickets at the door; complimentary admission for Encore and Cheers! members and faculty and students with valid I.D. For further information, call 764-8489.
Saturday, Mar. 12, preceding Hubbard Street Dance Company -The Dance of Theater and Cinema: Making Entertainment Art Peter Sparling, Associate Professor of Dance, LJ-M
Saturday, Apr. 2, preceding Andre Watts -Being Critical: Observations on the Role of the Music Critic Paul Boylan, ProfessorDean, U-M School of Music
1988 Ann Arbor May Festival -April 27-30
The Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra Michael Tilson Thomas and Zdenek Macal, Conductors
The Festival Chorus and The Boychoir of Ann Arbor Valdimir Feltsman, Pianist Janice Taylor, Mezzo-soprano
Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, Violinist
Linda Kelm, Soprano Jon Frederic West, Tenor
Myrna Paris, Mezzo-soprano John Ostendorf, Bass-baritone
David Hart, Organist Wednesday, Tilson Thomas -Beethoven: Symphony No. 6, "Pastoral"; Rachmaninoff:
Third Piano Concerto (Feltsman) Thursday, Tilson Thomas -Mahler: Symphony No. 3 (Taylor, Women's Chorus and
The Boychoir of Ann Arbor) Friday, Macal -Wagner: Prelude to "Die Meistersinger"; Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto
in E minor (Salcrno-Sonnenbcrg); Ravel: Suites I and II, "Daphnis and Chloe" Saturday, Tilson Thomas -Dvorak: Symphony No. 8; Janacek: Glagolitic Mass (Festival Chorus, Kelm, Paris, West, Ostcndorf, and Hart)
Series tickets still available; single ticket sale begins March 7.
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
Burton Memorial Tower, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1270 Telephone: (313) 764-2538