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UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra

UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image UMS Concert Program, April 30, 1988: Ann Arbor May Festival -- Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra image
Day
30
Month
April
Year
1988
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Season: 109th
Concert: Forty-fifth
Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan

THE UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra
Lorin Maazel, Music Director-Designate
MICHAEL TILSON THOMAS Conductor
LINDA KELM, Soprano MYRNA PARIS, Contralto
JON FREDRIC WEST, Tenor JOHN OSTENDORF, Baritone
DAVID HART, Organist THE FESTIVAL CHORUS, Donald Bryant, Director
Saturday Evening, April 30, 1988, at 8:00 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Symphony No. 8 in G major, Op. 88..............................Dvorak
Allegro con brio Adagio
Allegretto grazioso Allegro ma non troppo
INTERMISSION
Glagolitic Mass................................................. Janacek
Prelude Sanctus
Kyrie cleison Agnus Dei
Gloria Organ Solo
Credo Intrada
The Festival Chorus, Orchestra, Soli, and Organ
Bravo to May Festival Underwriters
In the spirit of honoring the past and ensuring the future, these families and individuals have demonstrated their support by underwriting the artist fees and major production costs of this 95th Annual May Festival. Representing both long-time Ann Arbor arts patrons and a new generation of leadership in the cultural life of this community, these donors are committed to maintaining the Musical Society's tradition of excellence through their public-spirited generosity. We gratefully recognize the following:
Dennis A. Dahlmann
Mr. and Mrs. Peter N. Heydon
Elizabeth E. Kennedy
Bill and Sally Martin
The Power Foundation
Mrs. Theophile Raphael Eileen and Ron Weiser with McKinley Associates, Inc. An anonymous family
Forty-fifth Concert of the 109th Season Ninety-fifth Annual May Festival
PROGRAM NOTES
by Dr. Frederick Dorian
in collaboration with Dr. Judith Meibach
Symphony No. 8 in G major, Op. 88...................... Antonin Dvorak
(1841-1904)
The life of Dvorak began in a village a few miles outside of Prague. His father, a struggling innkeeper, at first hoped that Antonin would become a butcher's apprentice, thus learning a trade which promised a degree of security. But the boy's extraordinary talent was recognized, and his parents decided to give him every opportunity to develop it. From the age of twelve, Antonin received systematic musical instruction. At sixteen, he was sent to study in the Bohemian capital. The school's curriculum included theory and singing, in addition to organ instruction. Upon leaving the conservatory, he began to devote himself to composition, while eking out a precarious existence as a violinist and violist. For a decade, Dvorak played in the orchestra of the Prague National Theater.
Hymnus, his first important work, based on Halek's poem "The Heirs of the White Mountain," attracted wide attention in 1873. One year later, Smetana performed Dvorak's First Symphony in E-flat major in Prague. The work was awarded the Austrian State Prize for composition. During the next twenty years Dvorak was to complete eight more symphonies, the most celebrated of which, his Symphony No. 9 in E minor (subtitled "From the New World"), received its premiere in New York. Dvorak had come to America to serve as artistic director of the National Conservatory from 1892 to 1895, but he decided to return home where, six years later, he assumed the directorship of the Prague Conservatory. Now affluent, and one of the most famous artists of his era, he became the first musician ever to be granted life membership in the Austrian House of Lords.
The beautiful G-major Symphony was long known as Dvorak's Fourth. Older editions of the score that identify this work (Op. 88) of the Czech master according to his earlier numbering can still be found on library shelves. But recent research into the chronology of Dvorak's symphonic production, establishing a different number and sequence of his compositions, lists the G-major Symphony as the Eighth in order of composition. The new Dvorak edition, sponsored by the government of the Czech Republic, has adopted this later identification.
Dvorak sketched the Eighth Symphony between 6 and 23 September 1889, completing the drafts by 8 November of the same year. In the manuscript, the dedication reads as follows: "To the Bohemian Academy of Emperor Franz Joseph for Art and Literature, in gratitude for my election." After the first performance of this work in 1890 with Dvorak directing, the composer subsequently conducted the symphony with the London Philharmonic on 2 April of the same year, having traveled to England to receive an honorary degree from Cambridge University.
A multitude of inspired melodies enriches the opening movement of the symphony. The first of these themes somewhat mysteriously initiates the symphony in the minor mode, only to turn to a resolution in the tonic major. At this point, we listen to the principal subject, a bird call whistled by the solo flute. The main tonality of G major is established and the music flows in a broad stream of thematic invention. Melancholy motives bring a subsidiary thematic group in B minor with flutes and clarinets prominent. Uti poco meno mosso, the introduction returns (cellos, horns, and low woodwinds leading), and the chirping bird repeats its merry song in the flute. The development of the thematic material involves much dramatic tension. The recapitulation is rather free, allowing full treatment of the melodic ideas enjoyed in the exposition.
The adagio engages the string choir in a simple chant (violins on the G string). This poetic movement develops a curious shifting of tonalities with sudden dynamic contrasts. The prevailing sadness and lyricism give way to a forceful march, carried by scale patterns and powerful pronouncements of the brass. Toward its end, the adagio reaches an emotional climax. The outbursts are relieved by tenderness, and the movement finds its home in the serene key of C major.
The allegrettograzioso is based on an elegiac waltz melody (G minor). Violins, juxtaposed against the legato patterns of the woodwinds, propose the theme in all of its Slavic charm. A subsidiary theme (G major) trips merrily forth in oboe and flute, supported by a string staccato. Together these two themes form the "quasi-schcrzo" part of the cycle. The principal section of the allegro is repeated. The coda transforms the subsidiary theme; its 38 meter is replaced by double time. Finally, the allegro dances away with the quick steps of a veritable Czech polka.
A fanfare (played by a pair of trumpets) introduces the finale in a colorful, festival manner. This leads to the expressive main theme, allegro ma noit troppo, which is closely related to the symphony's introduction. A lively dance movement develops, and we find ourselves in the composer's Bohemian countryside. Dvorak wrote much of the Eighth Symphony at his rustic retreat in Vysoka, where he enjoyed the tranquility needed for his creative work.
Glagolitic Mass .............................................LeosJanac!ek
(1854-1928)
The music world generally regards Brno, Czechoslovakia's second city, to be Janacek's town par excellence. In this ancient Czech city, 125 kilometers north of Vienna, the young musician developed into a composer of major stature. Here, in Moravia's capital, the Glagolitic Mass was first performed when the composer was seventy-three years old.
Janacck grew up in Hukvaldy, a small Moravian village. His father Jiff, a schoolteacher and organist, gave him his first music lessons. Subsequently, he was sent to an Augustinian monastery near Brno, where the gifted boy was taught free of charge, and where one of the priests, Fr. Pavel Kfizkovsky, imbued Leos with a deep feeling for Moravian devotional and folk music. After studying with Fr. Kfizkovsky for eight years, Leos went on to the Czech Teachers' Institute at Brno. He was captivated by the bustling capital, and on his daily walks through Brno, a busy manufacturing center, Janacek marveled at the architectural monuments of its cultural history. Past St. Peter's Cathedral, located between two hills which dominate the ancient city, his path often led to the handsome town hall, where Leos regularly listened to the band or brass choir that played several times a week from the city tower. But his route most frequently took him to the Gothic church of St. Jacob, which housed one of the finest organs in Europe. Wherever he strolled, Janacek either notated ideas for compositions or jotted down the speech patterns of people he overheard in conversation. These notations form the melodic and metric substructure of his devotional music, notably his Glagolitic Mass.
Janacek left Brno to attend the Prague Organ School, where he completed the four-year curriculum within a single year. He had become a masterful organist, and the final two movements of the Glagolitic Mass testify to his imagination in the composition of organ music. After short periods of study in Leipzig and Vienna, he returned to Brno, where he soon became deeply committed to the musical life of the city. He established an organ school (traditionally, a term denoting a conservatory) of his own and, from 1881 to 1888, conducted the concerts of the Brno Czech Philharmonic Orchestra.
Fame came late to Janacek. It was not until 1904, when he was fifty, that the Brno production of his opera Jenftfa brought him national recognition. The success ofjen&fa in no way changed Janacek's modest way of life, and for many years, Brno remained his residence where the composer and his wife owned a small cottage and garden. In 1919, one year after the conclusion of World War I, Janacek was appointed a teacher of composition at the Prague Conservatory. Within months, the Czech government assumed control ofjanacek's school in Brno, appointing him director. Janacck continued to devote his energy and organizational talent to transforming the Moravian capital into a musical center of lasting consequence. Today Brno's opera house is officially named thejanacek Theater.
The last decade ofjanacek's life was perhaps his most productive and brought the premiere of the Glagolitic Mass, in Brno's opera house on 5 December 1927 with Jaroslav Kvapil conducting the opera orchestra and the chorus of the Philharmonic Beseda Society. The mass was warmly received -but not universally so. One "important" critic called the score the work of an old man. He pointed out that the seventy-threc-year-old composer, now "an old man and a firm believer," felt increasingly pressed by the need to have at least one grand-scale devotional score in his work catalog that would symbolically conclude his creative life. This commentary infuriated Janacck and prompted him to send an open postcard to the strict arbiter with the laconic message: "No old man, no believer," later adding "till I see for myself."
Janacek chose Luhacovicc, a resort town located in the northeastern part of Moravia, for sustained periods of work, and it was here that he completed the Glagolitic Mass a week prior to its premiere. In a Brno newspaper, Janacek published his poetic recollections of the productive period during which he wrote the mass: "The scent of the moist Luhacovice woods was the incense; I felt a cathedral grow out of the enormous expanse of the forest and the vault of the sky reaching far into the misty distances. The bells were the ringing of a flock of sheep. ..." Janacck went on to explain the relative roles of the solo singers: "I hear in the tenor solo the voice of an arch-priest; in the soprano, a maiden angel; in the choir, the voice of our people. The tall firs of the forest, lit up by the stars, arc the candles; and during the ceremony I see the vision of St. Wenccslaus and hear the language of the missionaries Cyril and Methodius. ..."
By and large, the text ofjanacek's score sequentially follows the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Mass, starting with the Kyrie and concluding with the Agnus Dei. But here the stylistic comparison must stop. Asjanacek repeatedly explained, his inspiration stemmed to a large degree from his pantheistic outlook in conjunction with nationalistic Slavic fervor -an unorthodox orientation that found expression on many pages of the work.
The title ofjanacek's Glagolitic Mass pertains to an old Slavic script dating back to the Middle Ages. The language involved, the old church Slavonic, was used not only by the Eastern Orthodox liturgy, but until fairly recent times, also by the Western church services in such Slavic countries as Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Bulgaria. The name "glagolitic" is derived from the old church Slavonic word "glagolal," meaning "he said," which can be found in the Creed of the Mass.
The Glagolitic Mass comprises eight sections, and is scored for four vocal soloists, chorus, large orchestra, and organ. Of the soloists, the soprano and tenor play the most prominent roles; the bass first enters near the end of the Credo, whereas the alto is limited to a few lines in the Benedictus and the Agnus Dei. No doubt Janacek decided to use the Slavonic text rather than its Latin equivalent because he felt it would most closely express his nation's spiritual and patriotic convictions. According to Janacek's biographer Jaroslav Vogel, "he could draw strength from the spiritual roots of ancient Slavdom and inspiration from the long-lost colorful past and unspoiled Nature."
An instrumental prelude leads to the vocal solo and choral settings of the Kyne, Gloria, and Credo (which is interrupted by an instrumental interlude featuring a solo for organ). The Sanctus and Benedictus are set within a single movement. A dramatic postlude for the organ follows the Agnus Dei. And to close the work, Janacek provides an instrumental intrada. A paean to life, the mass reaffirms the tie of the creator to mankind. The fact that Janacek contemplated a performance of the work out of doors, beneath the sky, corroborates the forceful, elemental nature of the Glagolitic Mass.
In a most unorthodox procedure, Janacek provides two movements for organ solo as a farewell from the mass: namely, the organ voluntary -a stormy allegro in 34, based on a powerful passacaglia -and, according to Janacek, an ultimate intrada that, with its festive fanfares and Slavic victory spirit, functions as a relief from the mystical gloom of the church service.
PRELUDE (Instrumental)
KYRIE ELEISON
Lord, have mercy upon us. Christ, have mercy upon us. Lord, have mercy upon us.
GLORIA
Glory to God on high, and on earth peace, good will toward men. We praise Thee. We bless Thee. We worship Thee. We glorify Thee. We give thanks to Thee
for Thy great glory.
0 God, Father Almighty, O Lord, the Only Begotten Son, Jesus Christ! O Lord God, Lamb of God, son of the Father! Thou who takes away the sins of the
world, have mercy upon us, hear our prayers. Have mercy upon us, Thou that
sittest at the right hand of the Father. For Thou alone art holy, Thou alone art the
Lord, Thou alone art the most high, Jesus Christ. In the glory of the Father, Jesus
Christ, with the Holy Spirit, in the glory of the Father. Amen.
CREDO
1 believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all
things visible and invisible. Amen. I believe! And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God, and
begotten of His Father before all worlds. God of God, Light of Light, Very God of Very God, begotten, not made, being of
one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made.
Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven and was incarnate
by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin Mary. I believe.
Orchestral Interlude
He who was crucified for us, suffered and was buried, and the third day He rose again according to the scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of the Father. And He shall come again with glory to judge the quick and the
dead, whose kingdom shall have no end. I believe. And in the Holy Spirit, the
Lord and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, Who, with
the Father and the Son, is worshiped and glorified. Who spake by the prophets.
And in one Holy, Catholic, and apostolic church.
And I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins. And I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
SANCTUS
Holy, Lord, God of Hosts, Heaven and earth are full of thy glory! Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest!
AGNUS DEI
Lamb of God, have mercy upon us. Lamb of God, that takest away the sins of the world, Lamb of God, have mercy upon us.
ORGAN SOLO INTRADA
About the Artists
In its 92 years of existence, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra has forged its world-class reputation under some of history's most distinguished conductors, including Otto Klemperer, Fritz Reiner, and William Steinberg, enhanced more recently under the baton of Andre Previn. In Ann Arbor, the orchestra has performed twenty concerts prior to this Festival, beginning in 1899 under Victor Herbert, through succeeding years under Emil Paur, Paul Paray, Steinberg, Previn, and during its recent May Festival residencies (1985 and 1986) under Sixten Ending, Alexander Gibson, Zdenek Macal, Christoph Eschenbach, and Jean-Pierre Rampal.
A new era began in 1984 when Lorin Maazel began his formal affiliation with the Pittsburgh Symphony as music consultant. Currently principal guest conductor and music advisor, Maazel will become the orchestra's music director in the 1988-89 season. After the orchestra confirmed its top-ranking status during European tours in 1978, 1982, and 1985, Maazel led the Pittsburgh Symphony to the Far East in the spring of 1987 for three weeks of engagements at the Osaka Festival as well as concerts in Tokyo, Hong Kong, and Beijing, China. The orchestra was named resident orchestra for the prestigious Edinburgh Festival in Scotland in August 1987, the first orchestra from the United States ever to be accorded that title. The ensemble also met with great success during extensive domestic touring underwritten from 1979 to 1983 by American Telephone and Telegraph as part of its "Bell System American Orchestras on Tour."
At home in Pittsburgh's elegant Heinz Hall for the Performing Arts, the Pittsburgh Symphony offers 24 weeks of subscription concerts annually between September and June. Additional series offerings include the Pops, Young People's, and Tiny Tots' concerts, as well as a series of free concerts for school-age youngsters as part of the orchestra's educational activities. During the summer, the orchestra spends four weeks at Great Woods Center for the Performing Arts in Massachusetts.
The Pittsburgh Symphony enjoys an illustrious reputation for performances on records, radio, and television. Since its first commercial recording in 1941, the orchestra has made hundreds of critically acclaimed discs, with current recordings available on Angel, Philips, New World, and Telarc labels. As early as 1936, the orchestra was broadcast coast to coast, and since 1982 it has received national attention through its annual series of National Public Radio broadcasts. On television, the orchestra was seen nationally on the popular "Previn and the Pittsburgh" series over PBS during the late 1970s.
Michael Tilson Thomas, a musician born and trained in America, has an international career as conductor, pianist, and educator. He has been recently appointed principal conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra, succeeding Claudio Abbado who leaves for Vienna to lead the Vienna State Opera at the end of the 1987-88 season. Thomas is also artistic advisor to the newly formed New World Symphony in Miami, an ensemble dedicated to training young professional musicians. In keeping with his long-standing affiliation with the Pittsburgh Symphony, the maestro serves as principal conductor and music director for the Great Woods Center for the Performing Arts.
As an active guest conductor in the United States and abroad, Michael Tilson Thomas has conducted the orchestras of Cleveland, Chicago, Boston, San Francisco, and Pittsburgh, among others, and in Europe he leads the Orchestre National de France and the London Symphony on tour. He also led most of the Los Angeles Philharmonic's nationwide tour in 1984. Last year he directed a major Gershwin Festival at the Brooklyn Academy of Music marking the 50th anniversary of the composer's death. This was a particularly appropriate assignment for Thomas, because he learned Gershwin's music from his father, who learned it directly from Gershwin.
The maestro's extensive work in opera began in 1979 with the American premiere of Berg's Lulu at the Santa Fe Opera. In following seasons, he conducted opera performances at the Orange Festival in France, New York City Opera, Houston Grand Opera, and the Hollywood Bowl. At Chicago's Lyric Opera he has conducted La Boheme, and at Great Woods he has directed concert versions of Tosca and La Boheme.
Now an exclusive CBS recording artist, Mr. Thomas' recordings have earned numerous Grammy nominations and international awards. His discography includes music of Charles Ives, Steve Reich, Gershwin, Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, Debussy, and Stravinsky, along with his pioneer?ing work with the music of contemporary composers.
Michael Tilson Thomas was born in Los Angeles in 1944. His grandparents, Boris and Bessie Thomashevsky, were founders of the Yiddish theater in America, and his parents followed careers in theater and the arts. He is a summa cum laude graduate of the University of California, where he studied conducting and composition. In 1969, he was appointed assistant conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra and was made associate conductor the next season. He remained with the Boston Symphony until 1974, concurrently holding the title of music director of the Buffalo Philharmonic from 1971 to 1979. For six seasons he directed the nationally televised Young People's Concerts of the New York Philharmonic and served as principal guest conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic from 1981 to 1985.
These May Festival concerts mark his first Ann Arbor appearance.
Linda Kelm's electrifying debut as Briinnhilde in the Seattle Opera's celebrated 1986 produc?tion of Wagner's "Ring" Cycle brought international accolades for both superb vocalism and dramatic interpretation. In the Italian repertoire, she has achieved similar international recognition for her portrayals of Turandot. Miss Kelm's 1986-87 season included her debut with the Deutsche Oper Berlin in a new production of Turandot, and she performed the same role with the Hamburg Staatsoper before returning to Seattle for two complete "Ring" Cycles last summer. Other recent engagements have been with the San Francisco and Portland Operas, as well as an appearance with
the Minnesota Orchestra singing an all-Wagner program under Neville Marrincr. She has also appeared as soloist with the symphony orchestras of Detroit, Milwaukee, St. Louis, San Francisco, and Baltimore, among others. The 1984-85 season saw her debut with the New York City Opera, and during that season she returned to Europe to make highly acclaimed debuts at the Concert-gebouw in Amsterdam and with the RAI Orchestra in Rome, with which she performed Schoenberg's Gurrelieder.
Linda Kclm first studied voice at Westminster College in her native Salt Lake City, Utah. She won a scholarship to the Aspen Summer Music Festival and is a recipient of two National Institute for Music Theater grants. Two years after making the dramatic change from contralto to soprano, she made her professional debut in 1977 with the Seattle Opera, singing the Wagnerian roles of Helmvige in Die Walkiire and the Third Norn in Cdtterdiimmeruiig. Her European debut took place during the 1982-83 season in a revival of Cherubini's Demofonte at the Sagra Umbra Festival. Miss Kelm's performance this evening marks her Ann Arbor debut.
Myrna Paris, praised by critics for her rich mezzo voice, is known for her great variety of roles in musical theater, light opera and operetta, and the operatic and orchestral repertoire. In Pittsburgh her work has been extensive -engagements with the Pittsburgh Symphony, Pittsburgh Opera, Civic Light Opera, Chamber Opera, and Oratorio Society. She has also performed with The Cleveland Orchestra, Harrisburg and Honolulu Symphonies, Lyric Opera of Kansas City, Cleve?land Opera, and the Music Theatre of Wichita, among others. Her orchestral repertoire includes oratorios of Handel, Bach, and Mendelssohn, Haydn's Lord Nelson Mass, Beethoven's Ninth Symphony and Missa Solemnis, Prokofieffs Alexander Nevsky, Stravinsky's Les Noces, Mahler's Second and Third Symphonies, the Mozart and Verdi Requiems, Dvorak's Stabat Mater, and the Liebeslieder Waltzes and Alto Rhapsody of Brahms.
On the opera stage, her theatrical skills as well as her vocal abilities have received special acclaim. Included in her repertoire are roles in Carmen, Rigolelto, Falslaff, The Marriage of Figaro, The Barber of Seville, The Medium, The Consul, Sweeney Todd, Threepenny Opera, Candide, The Tales of Hoffmann, Oedipus Rex, and Noye's Fludde. Miss Paris now appears in Ann Arbor for the first time.
Jon Fredric West has enjoyed outstanding successes in many of the world's important opera houses and with leading orchestras. He made his debut at La Scala in Milan as Canio in Pagliacci and performed this role in New York City Opera's new production of the opera last summer. One of New York City Opera's leading dramatic tenors, he sings Calaf in Turandot at both City Opera and the Metropolitan Opera this season. His other roles at City Opera include Don Jose in Carmen and Cavaradossi in Tosca. Mr. West appears with other companies throughout the United States, and his European engagements have included appearances with the Netherlands Opera, the Scottish National Opera, and the Frankfurt Opera.
Also in demand for orchestral appearances, this season Mr. West sings Mahler's Eighth Sym?phony with the Columbus Symphony and Andrew Lloyd Webber's Requiem with the Vancouver Symphony, in addition to this performance with the Pittsburgh Symphony here and in Pittsburgh. Zubin Mehta has engaged him to sing Schoenberg's Gurrelieder in Munich, and he returns to the Long Beach Opera to sing performances of Szymanowski's rarely-heard King Roger in its American premiere. In addition to the standard orchestral repertoire, Mr. West has made specialities of such unusual pieces as thejanacek Mass, Bartok's Cantata Profana, Kodaly's Psalmus Hungaricus, and Scriabin's Symphony Number One.
Originally from Dayton, Ohio, Jon Fredric West was educated at the Manhattan School of Music and at the Juillard School's American Opera Center. He has won awards from the National Institute for Music Theater, Opera America, the Licderkranz Foundation, and the Sullivan Founda?tion. His performance this evening is his first in Ann Arbor.
John OstendorPs return engagement for Janacek's Mass follows by a decade his Ann Arbor debut in three Messiah performances. He appears throughout the United States and in Europe at major festivals and with leading symphonies and opera companies. In opera, he has performed throughout the country, including the Metropolitan Opera, New York City Opera, Cleveland Opera, and San Francisco Opera, in roles ranging from Handel's Julius Caesar to Edgard Varese's Ematorial. With symphony orchestras -including the Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, Buffalo, Baltimore, and Seattle -he has sung repertoire ranging from Monteverdi to Bernstein.
A superb musician and musicologist as well, John Ostendorf uncovers much of the music he sings and premieres new works written especially for him. He was almost single-handedly respon?sible for arranging the premiere of the Debussy opera La Chute de la Maison Usher at New York's Alice Tully Hall, where he scored a triumph as New York's first "Roderick Usher." His per?formances of Varese's Ecuatorial at the Metropolitan Opera House were highly acclaimed, and he has sung and recorded a contemporary song cycle by Pulitzer prize-winner Ellen Zwilich.
David Hart is a frequent recitalist throughout the Eastern United States and has won prizes in numerous competitions, including the Pittsburgh Chapter of the American Guild of Organists' Competition and the Diane Bish International Competition. He has been assistant organist since 1972 in Pittsburgh's Shadyside Presbyterian Church and last September was installed as the church's new minister of music, replacing the late Russell Wichmann who had served as organist and choir director since 1936. Last year Hart achieved the highest score nationally in the Associateship Certification program of the American Guild of Organists.
Mr. Hart has played the piano and organ from the age of eight and started as assistant organist at the Shadyside Church when he was only fourteen. He earned his bachelor and master degrees from Carnegie-Mellon University where he is now a faculty member in charge of the voice department's
accompanist-coach program. His organ teachers include Robert Anderson, Frederick Swann, Russell Wichmann, and Donald Wilkins. In addition to his activities as performer and teacher, Hart is College Organist at Chatham College and an instructor in its Laboratory School of Music. His participation in this evening's concert marks his first visit to Ann Arbor.
The Festival Chorus was formed in 1969, its singers selected by audition from the larger University Choral Union. Since then. The Festival Chorus has performed at May Festivals and with visiting orchestras such as the Leningrad, Hague, and Rotterdam Philharmonics; the Detroit, Boston, and Baltimore Symphonies; the Orpheus, Prague, and Paul Kuentz Chamber Orchestras; the Melbourne Symphony and Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg; and most recently the Pittsburgh Symphony and the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. Singers in The Festival Chorus also represented Ann Arbor and the University Musical Society abroad in three concert tours -to Europe in 1976, to Egypt in 1979, and to Spain in 1982.
Donald Bryant has conducted these choruses since 1969, the seventh conductor since the beginning of the Choral Union in 1879. A pianist and composer as well, Dr. Bryant has written works for piano, choral works for youth and adult church choirs, and an opera, The Tower of Babel, commissioned by the First Presbyterian Church of Ann Arbor where he serves as music director. Bryant has also written choral settings for the poetry of Czeslaw Milosz and Sandor Weores, and he received a commission from the Musical Society for a choral work that was premiered at the 1984 Ann Arbor Summer Festival by The Festival Chorus with the Northwood Orchestra. Dr. Bryant is an alumnus of The Juillard School where he earned a graduate degree in piano. Prior to 1969 he was director of the Columbus Boychoir School for twenty years.
THE FESTIVAL CHORUS
Donald Bryant, Conductor Laura Rosenberg, Manager
Stephen Bryant, Assistant Conductor Vladimir Kajlik, Slavic Language Coach
First Sopranos
Mary Ellen Auch
Patsy Auiler
Patricia Lynn Bauer
Joan M. Bell
Janet Bell
Gena Binder
Mary Anne Bord
Ann Burke
Susan F. Campbell
Elaine Cox
Beth Duncan
Kathryn Foster Elliott
Patricia Forsberg-Smith
Marcia Hall
Kathryn Martin Hubbs
Cathryn Ann Jenkins
Mary B. Kahn
Ruth Kast
Debra M. Kohn
Carolyn L. Leyh
Kathleen Lin
Nancy V. Lodwick
Lynn Marko
Loretta I. Meissner
Marian Muranyi
Carole Lynch
Pennington
Amy C. L. Pennington
Alice M. Schneider
Muril Seabrook
Julie Snider
Charlotte Stanek
Kathryn Tucker
Margaret Warrick
Second Sopranos Martha R. Ause Barbara Bcdnarz Kathleen Bergen Young S. Cho Doris Datsko Anita Goldstein Melissa Huff Dorcen J. Jcssen Grace Jones
Ann Kathryn Kuelbs Judy Lchmann Mary Loewen Lorctta J. Lovalvo Kim Mackenzie Gail McCulloch Marilyn Meeker Audrey Meyer Barbara Nordman Joanne F. Owens Sara Peth Patsy Jean Suter Helen Thornton Patricia Tompkins Jean Marion Urquhart Barbara Hertz Wallgren Dr. Rachelle B. Warren Susan Wortman Kathleen A. Young
First Altos Yvonne Allen Marion W. Brown Ella M. Brown Lubomyra A. Chapelsky Mary C. Crichton Daisy E. Evans Kathlyn Faber Marilyn Finkbeiner Nancy Houk Gretchen Jackson Olga Johnson Frances Lyman Patricia Kaiser McCloud Lois P. Nelson Jari Smith Jane M. VanBolt Charlotte Wolfe Bobbie Wooding
Second Altos Anne Abbrecht Sandra Anderson Marjorie Baird Eleanor P. Beam Caryl Heaton Bryant
Sally Carpenter Carol Carpenter Laura A. Clausen Carol Ann Cook Anne Crosby Davis Alice B. Dobson Andrea Foote Mary E. Haab Margo Halsted Dana Hull Carol Hurwitz Loretta C. Kallay Kathcrine Klykylo Janet W. Koons Patricia Kowalski Judy Lucas
Cheryl Melby MacKrell Barbara K. Maes Anne Ormand Joan Roth Carren Sandall Anita S. Scherzer Cynthia Sorensen Carol Spencer Kathryn Stebbins Alice Warsinski Helen F. Welford
First Tenors Hugh C. Brown Charles R. Cowley Bruce Alan Davidson Fr. Tim Dombrowski Marshall Franke Joseph Kubis Paul Lowry Thomas Reinehr Bradley J. Rich Michael Richard Samardzija Henry Velick
Second Tenors Peter C. Flintoft Dwight L. Fontenot Carl Gies
Albert P. Girod, Jr. Dr. Arthur W. Gulick Thomas Hmay Michael H. James Vladimir Kajlik Yoo Shik Lee Friedrich Loura Robert Reizner David Rumford Carl R. Smith
Firs! Basses Chris Bartlett Marion L. Beam Dean Bodley Donald J. Bord Robert Brewster John M. Brueger Marshall Jorgensen Lawrence L. Lohr John MacKxell John G. Ogden Sean Oslin James C. Schneider Donald R. Williams
Second Basses Kce Man Chang John Dryden Don Faber Charles F. Koons Johan Koren Charles F. Lehmann Philip B. Lynch Bruce McCuaig Robert E. Owens Raymond O. Schankin David Scott John T. Sepp Jeffrey D. Spindler Robert D. Strozier Terril O. Tompkins John VanBolt
Pittsburgh Symphony
ORCHESTRA
LORIN MAAZEL, Music Director Designate
1987-88 Season
First Violins
Andres Cardenes
Guest Concertmaster Mark Huggins
Assoc. Concertmaster Huei-Sheng Kao
Asst. Concertmaster Brian Reagin
Asst. Concertmaster
Ozzie DePaul Richard DLAdamo Stuart Discount Samuel H. Eikind Wilbert Frisch David Gillis Edward F. Gugala Charles Hardwick Sara Gugala Hirtz Alison Beth Peters Akiko Sakonju Roy Sonne
Second Violins
Teresa Harth Constance SilipigniJ M. Kennedy Linge Leslie McKie
John]. Corda Stanley Dombrowski Linda K. Fischer Albert Hirtz Lois Hunter Stanley Klein Morris Neiberg Paul J. Ross Peter Snitkovsky Stephen Starkman
"Principal Co-Principal "Associate Principal
{Assistant Principal Acting Principal + On Sabbatical
?Guest Principal
Violas
Randolph Kelly Cynthia S. Calhoun Chair
Isaias Zelkowicv.J
Penny Anderson Cynthia Busch Edward Gazouleas Richard M. Holland Samuel C. Kang Raymond Marsh Jose Rodriguez Paul Silver Stephanie Tretick Joen Vasquez
Ottos
Anne Martindale Williams
Pittsburgh Symphony
Association Chair
Lauren Scott Mallory Irvin Kauffmanf Salvatore Silipigni
Richard Busch Genevieve Chaudhuri Gail Czajkowski Michael Lipman Hampton Mallory Charlotta Klein Ross Georgia Sagen Woehr
Basso
Sam Hollingsworth Robert H. LeiningerJ
Rovin Adelstein Anthony Bianco Ronald Cantelm James Krummenacher Jeffrey Turner Rodney Van Sickle Arie Wenger
Harp
Gretchen Van Hoesen
Flutes
Bernard Goldberg
jackman-Pfouts
Chair
Emily Controulis Martin Lerner
Piccolo
Ethan M. Stang
Oboes
Cynthia DeAlmeida?
Elden Gatwood +
Mellon-Walton Chair James GortonJJ Colin Gatwood
English Horn
Harold Smoliar
Clarinets
Louis Paul Thomas Thompson Bernard Cerilli
E-flat Clarinet
Thomas Thompson
Bass Clarinet
Richard Page
Bassoons
Nancy GoeresJJ Mark Pancerev
Contrabassoon
Carlton A. Jones
Horns
Howard L. Hillyer Anonymous Foundation Chair
Martin Smith Joseph Rounds Ronald Schneider Kenneth Strack Richard Happe
Trumpets
Charles Hois Charles Lirette Jack G. McKie Roger C. Sherman
Trombones
Robert D. Hamrick CarlWilhelm Harold Steiman
Bass Trombone
Byron McCulloh
Tuba
Sumner Erickson
Timpani
Stanley S. Leonard John Soroka
Percussion
John Soroka Gerald Unger Don S. Liuzzi Edward I. Myers
Keyboard
Patricia Prattis Jennings Mr. & Mrs. Benjamin F. Jones, 3rd, Chair
Personnel Manager
John Duffy
Librarian
Christian G. Woehr
Assistant Librarian
Joann McCollum
Stage Technicians
Thomas Gorman John Karapandi
Orchestra Photographer
Ben Spiegel
The Pittsburgh Symphony string section utilizes revolving seating on a systematic basis. Players listed alphabetically change seats periodically.
The following musicians are performing with the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra at Ann Arbor:
Christopher Wu, first violin Carolyn Edwards, second violin Barbara Bashor, flute Christy Thompson, clarinet Leonard Sharrow, bassoon
Carolyn Smith, horn Janice Hawes, horn Anita Miller, horn Karen Sloneker, trumpet James Armstrong, trombone
Paul DeChancie, percussion Scott Sterling, percussion Barbara Allen, harp Lynne Aspnes, harp
THE PITTSBURGH SYMPHONY SOCIETY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF AT ANN ARBOR GIDEON TOEPLITZ, Vice President and Managing Director
Sid Kaplan Manager & Director of Operations
Jeth Mill Assistant Manager
Sylvia K. Turner Director of Public Relations
The University Musical Society wishes to thank Ford Motor Company Fund for its generosity in underwriting the printing costs of this house program.
This concert is made possible in part by a grant through the Music Program of the National Endowment
for the Arts in support of American performing artists.
Cameras and recording devices are not allowed in the auditorium.
Halls Cough Tablets, courtesy of Warner-Lambert Company, are available in the lobby.

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