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UMS Concert Program, Friday Mar. 31 To Apr. 15: University Musical Society: Winter 2006 - Friday Mar. 31 To Apr. 15 --

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University Musical Society
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Season: Winter 2006
Hill Auditorium

Winter 2006 Season 127th Annual Season
General Information
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Event Program Book
Friday, March 31 through Saturday, April 15, 2006
SFJAZZ Collective 5
Friday, March 31, 8:00pm Michigan Theater
Los Angeles Guitar Quartet 11
Sunday, April 2, 4:00 pm Rackham Auditorium
Arab World Music Summit 21
Saturday, April 15, 8:00 pm Hill Auditorium
Dear UMS Family,
usic is ever-evolving and vibrant! Though many of the presenta?tions in the UMS season are rooted in traditional performance practice, new musical artists come into our midst to offer us creativity and experimentation by inspiring us with their unique artistry.
The next series of artists featured in your program book offer just this-they all represent the next generation of musical adventure seekers. The SFJAZZ Collective, under the artistic direction of famed saxophonist Joshua Redman, takes the "ideas" inherent in the history of improvised music and makes them relevant in today's culture. By identifying the trail-blazing genius of Herbie Hancock as an artist worthy of tribute, the SFJAZZ Collective is taking Hancock's maverick torch and running with it for this
special concert.
Not only do UMS audiences love the guitar, but our audi?ences rightly demand that guitarists presented under UMS auspices be world-class virtuosos. The Los Angeles Guitar Quartet (LAGQ) expertly reinterprets masterworks and offers compellingly new compositions. Guided by four distinct gui?tar voices, LAGQ showcase the reason for their popularity-the fact that they are simply unsurpassed.
The Levant region of the Eastern Mediterranean is home to a rich musical culture that has been practiced for millen?nia, but the music of this region has not been standing still. The contemporary culture and history of Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria are the platform for the leading-edge artists fea?tured in the Arab World Music Summit on April 15.
Abdullah Chhadeh is a genius on the qanun, an impor?tant zither-like instrument indigenous to this region. He and his ensemble, Nara, will evoke and pay tribute to the diverse
communities that surround each of the historic gates in the ancient city of Damascus. Merging contemporary impulses with traditional sensibilities, Chhadeh evokes memories and profound emotions for the city in which he was raised.
Like his father Marcel Khalife, Rami Khalife is truly fearless in his original compositions and piano performance style. Drawing upon all musical influ?ences, he made his Hill Auditorium debut last season as part of the Arab World Music Festival. Rami is currently studying at The Juilliard School; this concert marks his first solo effort in performance of his own compositions merging classical Arabic and Western music with the avant-garde.
Finally, Trio Joubran, three talented brothers from Nazareth, is creating a massive buzz in the world music scene. Their fresh, arresting, and passionate performances are inspiring a new generation of oud players and audiences. Coming from an important musical family in Palestine and now residing in Paris, Trio Joubran continues to push their traditions forward across the globe.
Identifying fresh talent and supporting emerging artists is one of the important components of the UMS mission. We want to ensure that we are an active part in the evolving, adventurous musical continuum that is embraced by our community.
Enjoy the rest of the season! Sincerely,
Ben Johnson
UMS Director of Education and Audience Development
ums University Musical Society
JPMorgan Chase
SFJAZZ Collective
Joshua Redman, Tenor and Soprano SaxophonesArtistic Director
Bobby Hutcherson, Vibraphone and Marimba
Nicholas Payton, Trumpet
Miguel Zenon, Alto Saxophone and Flute
Andre Hayward, Trombone
Renee Rosnes, Piano
Matt Penman, Bass
Eric Harland, Drums
Joshua Redman Bobby Hutcherson Nicholas Payton Miguel Zenon Andre Hayward Renee Rosnes Matt Penman Eric Harland
Friday Evening, March 31, 2006 at 8:00 Michigan Theater, Ann Arbor
A Tribute to Herbie Hancock
Original arrangements by Gil Goldstein of music by Herbie Hancock and new compositions by each Collective member:
Parallelogram Immanent Treasures Sudoku
Collective Overture Serene Intentions Mirror Image Frosted Evils Triumph
Tonight's program and performance order will be announced by the artists on stage and will not contain an intermission.
47th Performance of the 127th Annual Season
12th Annual Jazz Series
The photographing or sound recording of this concert or possession of any device for such photographing or sound recording is prohibited.
Tonight's performance is sponsored by JPMorgan Chase.
Media partnership for this performance provided by WEMU 89.1 FM and WDET 101.9 FM.
The Steinway piano used in this evening's performance is made possible by Hammell Music, Inc., Livonia, Michigan.
SFJAZZ Collective appears by direct arrangement with SFJAZZ.
Large print programs are available upon request.
The SFJAZZ Collective is a rare undertaking in jazz circles in this day and age. For one thing, there is the personnel, with every member of this eight-person group being not only an accomplished and established jazz instrumentalist, but also a band leader and com?poser in his or her own right. Then, there is the musical focus, with our entire repertoire devot?ed to a conception of jazz as a living, contem?porary, forward-moving art--including new pieces by the Collective members themselves and new arrangements of works by modern jazz masters.
But perhaps the most distinguishing aspect of this ensemble, at least from a professional musician's point of view, is the opportunity each season, thanks to non-profit institutional sup?port, to rehearse for an extended period of time, away from the pressures of touring and record?ing. During our three-week residency in San Francisco each spring, we enjoy the chance to experiment with and fine-tune our own new material and to devote a good amount of time to learning the new arrangements of modern classic compositions. For me personally, it is also a rare treat just to spend three weeks in one place in the company of so many exceptional musicians, getting to know them as people as well as artists.
On that note, I have to say I am really excited by the line-up for this third annual season of the SFJAZZ Collective. We are very fortunate to have most of the extraordinary musicians from last year's edition of the group returning in 2006: vibraphonist Bobby Hutcherson, trumpeter Nicholas Payton, pianist Renee Rosnes, alto sax?ophonist Miguel Zenon, bassist Matt Penman, and drummer Eric Harland. A great new trom?bonist, Andre Hayward, completes the current line-up. Also, for the third consecutive season, we are fortunate to be graced with the contri?butions of arranger Gil Goldstein, who has pro?vided us with provocative and ingenious ways to approach the music of one of modern jazz's finest composers.
The composer I am referring to is the brilliant Herbie Hancock, who was a natural choice for
us to focus on this season. Herbie's music has played a critical role in defining the sound of modern jazz, and many of his songs have become veritable standards. All of us in the Col?lective have been hugely influenced by him-as an instrumentalist, as a band leader, as a creative artist, and as a composer. What's more, Bobby and Herbie have a long-standing relationship--they've been playing together since they both came on the scene, and Herbie was the pianist on some of Bobby's earliest recordings.
Part of what has given Herbie's music such a lasting impact are his unerring senses of melod-icism and groove. He is eminently lyrical--craft?ing melodies that are beautiful, memorable, and quite often downright singable. And he is a master at creating powerful rhythmic figures, which in turn give many of his tunes an infec?tious beat and a strong backbone.
But perhaps some of Herbie's most essential innovations lie in the harmonic realm. His com?positions offer incredibly evocative harmonic landscapes--ethereal, wistful, haunting, and romantic. You can hear the influence of turn-of-the-century classical music on Herbie's work, combined of course with a penchant for the blues. Together with his great friend and fre?quent musical collaborator Wayne Shorter, Her?bie was instrumental in helping to develop a harmonic language for jazz after hard bop.
Another special quality of Herbie's music is that, while his compositions all have a very strong identity, they also seem to welcome new interpretations. That's a big part of why so many generations of musicians love to play his songs--they're both fun and challenging, with seemingly endless possibilities.
And let's not forget Herbie's example as a fearless, intrepid, continually evolving artist. Over the course of his career, he has played everything--straight-ahead post-bop, modal, free, fusion, funk, rock, hip-hop, electronica, classical, you name it--and he has played it all exceptionally well. The members of the Collec?tive all feel a kinship to Herbie around those qualities of eclecticism, open-mindedness, and
flexibility. His attitude towards the music is also very close to the spirit of SFJAZZ: the willingness to explore, the sense of adventure, coupled with a real commitment and focus.
I hope you enjoy our interpretations of Her-bie Hancock's timeless works, as well as the per?formances of our own new pieces, as much as we enjoy bringing this music to you.
--Joshua Redman, Artistic Director
The SFJAZZ Collective is an all-star jazz ensemble comprising eight of the finest performercomposers at work in jazz today. Launched in 2004 by SFJAZZ--the West Coast's largest non-profit jazz institution and the presen?ter of the annual San Francisco Jazz Festival--with invaluable start-up funding from the James Irvine Foundation, the Collective has quickly become one of the most exciting and acclaimed groups on the American and international jazz scenes.
In addition to its outstanding line-up, the SFJAZZ Collective has been praised for its inno?vative approach to repertoire. Each year, the ensemble performs an entirely new list of works, consisting of compositions by a modern jazz master (in new octet arrangements by Grammy Award-winner Gil Goldstein) and one new piece by each of the eight Collective members (com?missioned by SFJAZZ). Through this pioneering approach, simultaneously honoring jazz's recent history while championing the music's up-to-the-minute directions, the Collective embodies SFJAZZ's organizational commitment to jazz as a living, ever-changing, and ever-relevant art form.
The SFJAZZ Collective also stands out among all-star ensembles for the cohesion among its members, including renowned saxophonist and Artistic Director Joshua Redman and vibes leg?end Bobby Hutcherson. As Redman explains, "This is why we chose the name 'Collective.' Beyond each member's individual credentials as a world-class instrumentalist, composer, and band leader, I believe everyone shares the essen?tial values of spontaneity, flexibility, and empa?thy, along with a firm commitment to an integrated group sound."
To cultivate its distinctive sound, the SFJAZZ Collective convenes in San Francisco each spring for a three-week residency. Throughout this extended rehearsal period--a rarity in today's jazz--the octet workshops the season's new repertoire and interacts with the Bay Area com?munity through SFJAZZ's educational programs for youth and adults. The Collective then takes to the performance stage, including home sea?son concerts under the auspices of the SFJAZZ Spring Season and a national and international tour, with stops in a number of the world's most prominent concert halls.
Following each year's SFJAZZ Collective con?cert tour, SFJAZZ Records releases a deluxe, limit?ed-edition CD set (available through representing the Collective's full annual repertoire in concert. The Collective's music is available in wide distribution on the Nonesuch label, which releases a single-disc edition of each year's con?cert highlights. The 2004 Inaugural Season and
2005 Live Tour are currently released. The 2006 CD set can be pre-ordered through
Gil Goldstein's (Arranger, Hancock composi?tions; Arrangement Consultant, original compo?sitions) extensive arranging credits include Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, David Sanborn, Chris Botti, Milton Nascimiento, Wallace Roney, James Moody, and The Manhattan Transfer. He received two Grammy Awards for Michael Brecker's Wide Angles for "Best Instrumental Arrangement" and "Best Large Ensemble Arrangement." In addition, he has worked as a pianist and accordionist on hundreds of projects, starting in 1976 with Pat Martino, to projects with Jim Hall, Pat Metheny, Joe Lovano, Billy Cobham, Al Jarreau, and the Gil Evans Orchestra.
A leading drummer on the national scene, 28-year-old Texas-born Eric Harland has performed with jazz legends Betty Carter, Joe Henderson, and McCoy Tyner, and has played on more than 35 recordings with such artists as Terence Blan-chard, Greg Osby, Charles Lloyd, and Stefon Harris. In Downbeat's 65th Annual Readers Poll, he was included in the short list of top drum?mers, in the company of masters Roy Haynes and the late Elvin Jones.
Native Houstonian Andre Hayward began playing trombone and tuba at age 11. After attending Texas Southern University, his first engagement and recording was with Roy Har?grove, Since then, he has performed and record?ed with such noted artists as James Moody, Clark Terry, Wayne Shorter, Illinois Jacquet, Jimmy Heath, Mercer Ellington, Slide Hampton, Steve Turre, and Dave Holland. Winner of the 2003 Thelonious Monk International Jazz Com?petition, Mr. Hayward is currently a member of the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra.
Bay Area resident Bobby Hutcherson helped modernize his instrument by redefining what could be done with it--sonically, technically,
melodically, and emotionally. In the process, he became one of the defining voices of Blue Note's legendary 1960's roster and one of the architects of modern jazz. He gradually moved into a more mainstream, post-bop style that has maintained his reputation as one of the most advanced masters of his instrument.
New Orleans-based trumpeter, composer, and Grammy Award-winner Nicholas Payton is one of jazz's most diverse and broad-thinking instru?mentalists. Over his career, he has performed and recorded with such varied artists as Ray Charles, Joe Henderson, Clark Terry, Wynton Marsalis, Jimmy Smith, Dr. John, Common, Jill Scott, and Trey Anastasio. Mr. Payton has recorded seven albums as a leader and more than 80 as a sideman. His latest recording, Sonic Trance, was nominated for a 2004 Grammy Award for "Best Contemporary Jazz Album."
Originally from New Zealand, Matt Penman studied at Boston's Berklee College of Music before relocating to New York in 1995. In addi?tion to releasing his own critically acclaimed CD as a leader, The Unquiet (2002), he has record?ed as a sideman on some 50 other recordings and has performed with the likes of Kurt Rosen-winkel, Gary Bartz, Kenny Werner, Nnenna Freelon, Madeleine Peyroux, Brian Blade, Mark Turner, and Guillermo Klein.
A native of the San Francisco Bay Area, composer and award-winning saxophonist Joshua Redman has toured or recorded with eminent musicians such as his father, the saxophonist Dewey Red?man; bassists Charlie Haden and Christian McBride; pianists Chick Corea, McCoy Tyner, and Brad Mehldau; guitarist Pat Metheny; and drum?mers Roy Haynes, Jack DeJohnette, Elvin Jones, Paul Motian, Billy Higgins, and Brian Blade. He has recorded 10 albums as a leader, including the 2005 Grammy-nominated Momentum with his Elastic Band on the Nonesuch label.
Canadian native Renee Rosnes has been described as a pianist and composer with a truly unique, personal vision whose improvisations have an almost visual quality. During her distin?guished career, she has been the pianist of choice for such legendary artists as Joe Hender?son, J.J. Johnson, Wayne Shorter, Bobby Hutch-erson, and James Moody. She has released nine recordings on the Blue Note label.
A native of Puerto Rico, Miguel Zenon got his start at the famed Escuela Libre de Musica and later studied at Boston's Berklee College of Music. Since his move to New York in 1998, he has worked with Charlie Haden, David Sanchez, the Village Vanguard Orchestra, and the Mingus Big Band. Mr. Zen6n came to the Collective in the wake of his second CD as a leader, Ceremo?nial. His most recent recording, Jibaro, was released this past summer.
Tonight's concert marks the SFJAZ2 Collective's UMS debut.
Tonight's performance includes return visits from individual members of the Collective. Artistic Director and saxophonist Joshua Redman makes his third UMS appearance tonight following his UMS debut with the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra (LCJO) in February 1994; he later appeared with his own quartet in November 2001 at the Michigan Theater. Tonight marks Nicholas Payton's sec?ond UMS appearance. He made his UMS debut with the LCJO in February 1994. Andre Hayward made his UMS debut in April 2000 with the LCJO's "Swing Dance Tour" at the EMU Convocation Center; tonight marks his fourth UMS appearance. Drummer Eric Harland makes his second UMS appearance after his Jazz Series debut as a member of the Charles Lloyd Quintet in November 2003.
UMS welcomes the remaining Collective members who make their UMS debuts tonight.
ums University Musical Society
Borders Group
Los Angeles Guitar Quartet
John Dearman, Guitar William Kanengiser, Guitar Scott Tennant, Guitar Andrew York, Guitar
Andrew York
J.S. Bach,
Arr. A. York 15. Tennant
William Kanengiser Vince Mendosa
Aaron Copland, Arr. W. Kanengiser
Sunday Afternoon, April 2, 2006 at 4:00 Rackham Auditorium, Ann Arbor
Prelude, Fugue, and Allegro
Prelude No. 1 from The Well-Tempered Clavier
"Little Fugue" in g minor
"Allegro" from Brandenburg Concerto No. 3
Turn to the Sea
Solstice Poem
Theme Variation I Variation II Variation II Epilogue
Two Mexican Pieces
Paisaje Mexicana Danza de Jalisco
Kanengiser York
Peter Maxwell Davies, Arr. S. Tennant
Horatio Salinas, Arr. S. Tennant
Ralph Towner, Arr. W. Kanengiser
Pat Metheny, Arr. M. Small
Chet Atkins,
Arr. W. Kanengiser
Franz Liszt,
Arr. W. Kanengiser
J. Minei
World Tour
Gongan Djembe Farewell to Stromness
Fiesta de la TiranaTarantella
Guitar Heroes
Letter from Home
Blue Ocean EchoCountry Gentleman
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2
48th Performance of the 127th Annual Season
43rd Annual Chamber Arts Series
The photographing or sound recording of this concert or possession of any device for such photographing or sound recording is prohibited.
This afternoon's performance is sponsored by Borders Group. Media partnership for this performance provided by WGTE 91.3 FM.
The Los Angeles Guitar Quartet records for Telarc International and uses Neumann microphones.
The Los Angeles Guitar Quartet appears by arrangement with Frank Salomon Associates.
Visit Los Angeles Guitar Quartet online at
Large print programs are available upon request.
Andrew York
LAGQ member Andrew York is one of the most popular composers for classical guitar today, having written solo pieces recorded by the likes of John Williams and Christopher Parkening, as well as his formidable guitar quartet output. He had this to say about his piece Quiccan:
Quiccan is one of my earliest works for LAGQ, written during the winter of 1993-94. Though constructed very much as a classical piece (to me, this idea simply means to develop and interrelate ideas on many levels), the energy of rock music is undeniable in this music. Long ago I decided that the only interesting compositional path for me was to blend all the styles, old and modern, in which I am versed. Anything else would be less than sincere, or merely deriva?tive. Quiccan is a glimpse of an early effort to achieve this gestalt. Though, like many pieces by young composers, I hear my younger self using a bit more material than is necessary, the ebullience and some of the developmental twists in the writing still cap?ture my attention. The title--Quiccan--is a fragment of an ancient and powerful meta?physical incantation; it is recommended that it not be spoken out loud too many times.
Prelude, Fugue, and Allegro
J.S. Bach
Bom March 21, 1685 in Eisenach, Germany
Died July 28, 1750 in Leipzig
Those familiar with standard classical guitar repertoire will no doubt recognize the title "Pre?lude, Fugue, and Allegro": it is one of the most beloved and frequently performed Bach pieces on solo guitar. This set is not that piece. Instead, it is a group of essentially unrelated works by Bach, held together only by the thread that they are wonderful pieces. The first is the famous "Prelude No. 1" from The Well-Tempered Clavier, which earned further prominence as the accompaniment for Gunoud's setting of Ave Maria. Andrew York arranged it much like a change-ringing piece, with each guitarist play?ing a single note in the rolling arpeggios. The "Fugue" (also arranged by Andrew) is the delightful "Little Fugue" in g minor, originally composed for organ. It features a classic theme, exquisite four-part imitative textures, and draws a wide range of organ-stop colors from the group. The final "Allegro" is the third move?ment of the Brandenburg Concerto No. 3. Scott Tennant's arrangement makes full use of the entire range of the quartet and demands tech?nical finesse; it also pays homage to LAGQ for?mer member Los Romeros, who frequently performed this piece.
Popularly known as the LAGQ, these four virtuosi bring a new energy to the concert stage with their eclectic programs and dynamic musical interplay. Their critically acclaimed transcriptions of concert masterworks provide a fresh look at the music of the past.
Turn to the Sea
William Kanengiser
Bom in Orange, New Jersey
LAGQ member William Kanengiser is well known for his solo and quartet arrangements for guitar, but he is also beginning to write a modest num?ber of original pieces. He had this to say about his newest composition for guitar quartet, Turn to the Sea:
One of the more frequently asked questions that comes our way is some variation of, 'Do you guys use different tunings for your gui?tars' The short answer is, generally, no. Still, this lingering question stimulated some?thing in my mind, and got me thinking about a piece that might begin and end with each of us changing, in turn, the tun?ing of one string. The new resources made available by four different scordaturas opened up some interesting resonances, and, inexplicably, led me to write a rather overtly 'Celtic' tune, a faint echo of some sea-shanty rattling around in my conscious?ness. So, as Andy begins the piece by turn?ing his second string 'B'up to 'C, the refrain of the tune is the homonymous Turn to the Sea.' The underlying tension of these overly stretched stings is released, after a recapitu?lation of the tune in an Irish rock setting, by returning them to their natural tension (although Andy ends up turning to the 'C-sharp!'). The other thread holding the piece together is a rumination on the time signa?ture of 54, exploring a number of ways to break it up into various overlapping group?ings: S8+S8, 68+24, etc.
Solstice Poem
Vince Mendoza
Born In 7967 in Norwalk, Connecticut
Vince Mendoza began learning classical guitar and piano at an early age, and has since gained an international reputation as one of today's finest jazz composers and arrangers. He has been nominated 12 times for Grammy Awards and won in 2001 for his arrangement of Joni Mitchell's Both Sides Now and again in 2004 for Mitchell's recording of the epoch-defining song "Woodstock." He had this to say about his piece Solstice Poem, a work featured on LAGQ's latest recording Spin:
Solstice Poem is part of a larger set of variations written for the LAGQ in 1994. It draws from my years as a young guitar player studying the Latin American com?posers Heitor Villa-Lobos, Manuel Ponce, and Antonio Lauro. Some of the melodic and harmonic shapes of these composers might be detected in the variations. Howev?er, the rhythmic motion and organic nature of the work come from my experiences with jazz and Latin musicians, most notably my guitarist friends Ralph Towner and John Abercrombie. In the variations, I want to approximate closely the communication of the improviser in a free setting, using a dif?ferent rhythmic feel in each section. The last variation is the most dynamic, designed to have the players acting both as rhythm group and the improvisers.
Two Mexican Pieces
Aaron Copland
Born November 14, 1900 in New York Died December 2, 1990 in North Tarrytown, New York
The son of immigrant parents, Aaron Copland lived to become the most celebrated of Ameri?can composers. His popular reputation in the US is founded on his thoroughly American ballets: Billy the Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring, while a great variety of other compositions won him an unassailable position in American con?cert life. In the course of his composing and con?ducting career, Copland made many visits to Central and South America; and, from El Salon Mexico of 1933-36 onwards, the rhythms and colors of the region have enlivened several of his shorter works. The second and third of his Three Latin American Sketches were originally present?ed, with the title Two Mexican Pieces, at the 1959 Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, Italy. The scoring was for a chamber orchestra of four woodwinds, trumpet, two pianos, percussion, and strings. Paisaje Mexicano (Mexican Land?scape) has the characteristic lazy curve of that country's melodies. Danza de Jalisco (Jalisco is a state in northwestern Mexico) introduces some exotic percussion and is founded on the alterna?tion of 68 and 34 meters which typifies much Spanish and Latin-American music. Copland's own distinctive voice is always evident in the cutting edge of the music's harmonies and tex?tures.
World Tour
World Tour is a collection of pieces drawn from LAGQ's explorations into the music of a variety of world cultures. This small sampling takes us to Indonesia, Africa, Scotland, and Chile, although their peripatetic spirit has ventured into Japan, Turkey, India, the Balkans, and else?where.
William Kanengiser writes about Gongan:
A few years ago the quartet was invited to play at a festival in Singapore. On a free night, we attended a performance by an Indonesian dance ensemble, accompanied by a traditional gamelan orchestra. It was my first direct experience hearing gamelan music, and I was entranced by the sonorities of the instruments and the hypnotic charac-. ter of the music. Years later, in planning the repertoire for a recording of "world music" pieces, I wondered if this music could some?how translate to the guitar. I immersed myself in listening to recordings, and searched for just the right piece to arrange for four guitars. Ultimately, I wrote an origi?nal work, inspired by the rhythms and scales of the Indonesian style. The most notable aspect of the piece is the use of prepara?tions on the guitar strings (metal clips, plas?tic discs, mutes, small bells, etc.) to evoke the sound of the traditional gongs, percus?sion, and mallet instruments of the Balinese gamelan. The title, Gongan, is a term describing the recurring rhythmic pattern of the low gongs that serve as a foundation for all the upper voices.
Djembe is one of a series of pieces LAGQ devel?oped in the African style, including Kanengiser's Mbira and York's Bantu. The current work was named for an African instrument, in this case a very large drum. LAGQ recorded--and frequent?ly performs this piece--with the accompani?ment of a live djembe player, but tonight's performance will be sans djembe. One of the striking characteristics of this piece is the use of antiphonal echo effects, with chords passed from guitar to guitar to simulate the electric gui?tar techniques common in African popular music.
Farewell to Stromness
Peter Maxwell Davies
Born September 8, 1934 in Manchester, England
Sir Peter Maxwell Davies is regarded as one of England's most important composers of the late-20th century. While typically working in complex and frequently dissonant textures, Farewell to Stromness is a return to his Scottish folk roots. A resident of the Orkney Islands on the northern tip of Scotland, Davies was moved to write this piece as part of a protest against a proposed uranium mine in the town of Stromness; fortu?nately, the protesters prevailed, and no one has yet had to bid farewell to this lovely village.
La Fiesta de la TiranaTarantella
Horacio Salinas
La Fiesta de la Tirana and Tarantella are pieces originally performed by the world-famous Chilean group Inti-lllimani. La Fiesta depicts the music played during the Feast of La Tirana, when the faithful parade through the streets carrying a statue of La Tirana (the Virgin Mary)
at the front of the procession. Beginning as if in the distance, the procession gets closer and closer as the music reaches a fever pitch, and then fades away as the parade passes through the vil?lage. To recreate the spirit of Andean music, LAGQ can be heard imitating several instru?ments such as pan flutes (sikus), charangos, and percussion. Tarantella is actually based on a medieval Italian dance, originally meant to por?tray the death-throes of a tarantula bite victim, but the Chilean adaptation here is explained in the long residency Inti-lllimani spent in Italy while in political exile from their homeland.
Guitar Heroes
Drawn from the Grammy Award-winning LAGQ recording of the same name, this set of pieces is meant as tributes to three of LAGQ's favorite guitarists.
Ralph Towner
Born March 7, 1940 in Chehalis, Washington
When guitarist Ralph Towner (of the group Ore?gon) recorded this classic tune, it became an instant anthem for the 1970s. Somehow in William Kanengiser's homage to the finger-style hero, Ovid's winged youth got tangled up with another Greek myth, as retold by Marcel Camus in his 1959 faossa-infused film Black Orpheus, set in a Rio de Janeiro slum. Mr. Kanengiser's "Black Icarus" brings together the original Ralph Towner melody with the stammering rhythms and jazz styling of the new samba. The piece's Brazilian flavor showcases some signature LAGQ extended effects, including a cuica imitation (produced by plucking the string above the nut) and room for some free improvisation by Andrew York.
Letter from Home
Pat Metheny
Born August 12, 1954 in Lee's Summit, Missouri
While jazz pioneer Pat Metheny is best known for his virtuosic guitar chops and driving grooves, he also can write hauntingly beautiful lyrical music approximating Romantic impres?sionism. Boston-based guitarist Mark Small orig?inally arranged Letter from Home for two guitars, flute, and cello, and was later asked by LAGQ to re-arrange it for four guitars. Mr. Small faithfully transcribes Pat Metheny's tune, then seamlessly extends it with a section of his own. The resulting piece--lyrical and rhythmically free--demonstrates how fusion-based music can be at home in a classical orchestration.
Blue Ocean EchoCountry Gentleman
Chet Atkins
Born June 20, 1924 in Luttrell, Tennessee
Died June 30, 2001 in Nashville, Tennessee
To pay due homage to the man they called "Mr. Guitar," William Kanengiser arranged two Atkins classics for the quartet. To simulate the effect Chet used on his recording of Blue Ocean, he turns the quartet into a giant Echo-plex: the guitarists pass notes back and forth, reverberat?ing across the group. This moves into a setting of Country Gentlemen--an obvious choice given it was Chefs personal anthem and has a distinctly Hawaiian flavor in its 'B' section. For
this section, the LAGQ echo machine is turned off and bottleneck slides emerge to imitate Hawaiian lap guitar.
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2
Franz Liszt
Born October 22, 1811 in Raiding, near
Odenburg, Hungary Died July 31, 1886 in Bayreuth
Hungarian-born Franz Liszt was a unique "sib?ling" indeed amidst a formidable "brother?hood" of composerperformers (such as Chopin, Paganini, Kreisler, and Rachmaninoff) whose music and peerless virtuosity on the piano made him an international superstar of his time. As was common (and most likely expected) of a composer such as Liszt, he dove deeply into his ethnic roots for those pearls that would make his music truly and unmistakably Hungarian. Bela Bartok would later praise Liszt and his music, particularly the Hungarian Rhapsodies, calling them "perfect creations," while at the same time hastily pointing out that the material Liszt was using was essentially Gypsy, and not entirely Hungarian.
The second of Franz Liszt's Hungarian Rhap?sodies is one of his better-known works. It was originally composed in 1847 as a solo piano piece dedicated to Count Laszlo Teleky and pub?lished in 1851. An orchestral version followed soon thereafter. Most of his rhapsodies, includ?ing this one, are comprised of two parts: a slow-
Bela Bartok...later praise[d] Liszt and his music, particularly the Hungarian Rhapsodies, calling them "perfect creations," while at the same time hastily pointing out that the material Liszt was using was essentially Gypsy, and not entirely Hungarian.
er and expressive part which Liszt marks "Lassan (lassu)," and a final section marked "Frisska (friss)" which builds up in intensity into a fren?zied swirl. On a contemporary note, the piece has found its way into the television and film media, appearing in such favorites as the Bugs Bunny "Rhapsody Rabbit" episode and the film One Hundred Men and a Girl.
Recognized as one of America's premiere instrumental ensembles, the Grammy Award-winning Los Angeles Guitar Quartet is one of the most charismatic groups performing today. Popularly known as the LAGQ, these four virtuosi bring a new energy to the concert stage with their eclectic programs and dynamic musical interplay. Their critically acclaimed transcriptions of concert masterworks provide a fresh look at the music of the past, while their interpretations of works from the
Los Angeles Guitar Quartet
contemporary and world-music realms continu?ally break new ground. The LAGQ has set new standards for the guitar quartet medium.
The LAGQ has given recitals in many of the world's top halls, including Chicago's Orchestra Hall, London's Wigmore Hall, Tokyo Opera City, and New York's Alice Tully Hall and Weill Recital Hall at Carnegie Hall. They have toured exten?sively in Europe and Asia, where they were fea?tured at the Hong Kong, Singapore, and Manila International Arts Festivals.
Concerts and residency activities take the LAGQ throughout the US and Canada in the current season, including returns to the Tisch Center at the 92 nd Street Y in New York and the Chan Centre in Vancouver, where they are audi?ence favorites. In addition to tours of the Mid?west and Alaska, the members of the Quartet will also perform and record two works of Osval-do Golijov with the Atlanta Symphony and at the Ojai Festival in California.
Recent highlights include a featured per?formance at the first-ever World Guitar Con?gress in Baltimore, their St. Louis Symphony
debut, and successful tours of Japan, Korea, and Europe. The LAGQ's first live-concert DVD was release by the Mel Bay Artist Series in fall 2005.
The LAGQ's CD Guitar Heroes, released on Telarc, won the group their first Grammy Award in 2005. It is a heartfelt salute to the great play?ers who inspired the quartet, as individuals and as a group. It has received raves for its unique ability capture the feeling and fervor of diverse musical styles such as jazz, bluegrass, rock, and flamenco. Their first Telarc CD, LAGQ-Latin, fea?tures their popular transcription of Bizet's Car?men, along with works from Chile, Cuba, and original works by members of the quartet. The album received a 2003 Grammy nomination and the Super Audio CD (SACD) version won the award for "Best Made for Surround" at the First Annual Surround Music Awards. The LAGQ's third album on the Telarc label is entitled SPIN and is planned for release in spring 2006.
This afternoon's concert marks the Los Angeles Guitar Quartet's UMS debut.
ums University Musical Society
Arab World Music Summit
Trio Joubran
Samir Joubran, Oud Wissam Joubran, Oud Adnan Joubran, Oud
Rami Khalife, Piano
Abdullah Chhadeh and Nara
Abdullah Chhadeh, Qanun Naeif Rafeh, Nay Bernard O'Neill, Double Bass Dafer Tawil, Darbuka
Saturday Evening, April 15, 2006 at 8:00 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor
Music of the Levant
Tonight's program will be announced by the artists from the stage and will contain brief pauses between each performance set.
49th Performance of the 127th Annual Season
The photographing or sound recording of this concert or possession of any device for such pho?tographing or sound recording is prohibited.
Tonight's performance is sponsored by Pfizer Global Research and Development: Ann Arbor Laboratories, Comerica, and the Issa Foundation.
Funded in part by an award from the National Endowment for the Arts, which believes that a great nation deserves great art.
Presented in partnership with the Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services (ACCESS).
Media partnership for this performance provided by WEMU 89.1 FM and Arab American News.
The Steinway piano used in this evening's performance is made possible by William and Mary Palmer and Hammell Music, Inc., Livonia, Michigan.
Special thanks to Wadad Abed, Huda Karaman, Liz Othman, and Rabiah Shafie for their participation in this residency.
Abdullah Chhadeh and Nara appear by arrangement with ALIA Agency. Rami Khalife appears by arrangement with the Nagam Cultural Project. Trio Joubran appears by arrangement with Eye for Talent, Inc.
Large print programs are available upon request.
A virtuoso of the oud, already hailed throughout the Arab world, Samir Joubran is now gaining international recognition as a soloist and through perform?ances and recordings with Trio Joubran. Since his first appearance in France at the 2002 Nuits Atypiques Festival in Langon, and the release of his first album Tamaas in February 2003, Mr. Joubran has unfailingly delighted the public.
Whether in the intimacy of a small setting, the effervescence of an open-air festival, or before an audience of 40,000 people, his spell is mesmerizing. As the first musician to have received a two-year grant from the Internation?al Parliament of Writers (2003-04) in Pontedera, Italy, Mr. Joubran's recent decision to settle in Europe has provided a platform on which to develop his reputation, touring France, Europe, and beyond. His success in several music festi?vals has allowed him to perform at some of the premiere music festivals in Europe. In 2004,
Samir Joubran was selected for the Rideau 2004 project in Montreal, gaining his first opportunity to perform in North America.
Mr. Joubran performs in duo or trio forma?tions (with Trio Joubran) with his younger brothers. Wissam Joubran, 20, is the first stringed-instrument maker in the Arab world to enter the Antonio Stradivari Institute in Italy. He has a remarkable gift for improvisation and intelligent and harmonious transitions between the Arab Maqamats. Adnan Joubran, 18, made his debut on the international stage in 2004 and is considered a prodigy by his elder brothers.
Rami Khalife was born in Beirut, Lebanon, in 1981. After a short initiation on the piano in his early years, he left Lebanon when he was seven years old. He resumed his musical training in France at the Conservatoire National de Region de Boulogne-Billancourt and
studied with Louis-Claude Thirion and Marie-Paule Siruguet.
Ten years later, Mr. Khalife was awarded First Prize on piano and received advanced degrees in music theory. Along with his training at the con?servatory, Mr. Khalife studied piano with the noted Lebanese pianist Abd El Rahman El Bacha. He received several prizes during his years in Paris including at the piano competitions of Radio France, the UFAM, and Claude Kahn, which gave him the opportunity to perform at the Gaveau Music Hall in 1994.
On a tour of the Middle East with the Boulogne-Billancourt Orchestra, Mr. Khalife per?formed repertoire including Rachmaninoff's Piano Concerto No. 4 and Ravel's Piano Concer?to in G. Between 2000 and 2003, Mr. Khalife pursued higher education at The Juilliard School in New York. He studied piano under Hungarian pianist Gyorgy Sandor, a student of Bela Bartok. He graduated from Juilliard in May 2003.
Since 2000, Mr. Khalife has been touring with Lebanese composer and master oud player Marcel Khalife in performances internationally. He has also given many solo and duo concerts. Together with clarinetist Kinan Azmeh, he has performed in the Middle East and the US, per?forming classical and improvised repertoire.
Mr. Khalife's open-mindedness and musical richness led him to jazz and new music where he discovered an innate talent for improvisation. With Francesco Schlime, he gave several improv-isational concerts for two pianos, one of which was the first of its kind in the history of The Juil?liard School. In 2005, Mr. Khalife and Francesco Schlime founded the group Aufgang, composed of duo piano and a computer, performing their own original compositions of new, modern, and experimental music.
Mr. Khalife has released two albums. The first, released in 2001, is a dual-disc CD titled Live in Beirut, which is primarily a solo piano interpretation of the classical repertoire. The sec?ond recording, entitled Scene from Hellek, is a solo disc of original compositions.
His future works will include the release of a collaborative CD with the Moscow-based Russ-
ian Globalis Orchestra performing Serge Prokofiev's Piano Concerto No. 5 and Lebanese composer Abdalah Masri's Piano Concerto No. 1. Mr. Khalife has developed a passion for com?posing music for feature and documentary films and dance, and is currently working on the score for a film by Lebanese filmmaker Wael Noured-dine.
Abdullah Chhadeh is the Arab world's most innovative qanun player. He has re-designed the 10th-century Oriental instrument with the addition of an octave, enhancing its tonal range and enabling him to challenge the qanun's traditional repertoire.
His work has included adaptations from the Syrian, Turkish, Azerbaijani, and Andalusian tra?ditions along with interpretations by well-
Rami Khalife
known Western Classical composers. Born and educated in Damascus, Mr. Chhadeh studied both Classical Arabic and Western music at the Conservatoire of Damascus.
After a performance in London for the Syrian Embassy, Mr. Chhadeh was offered a scholarship to study composition at the Guildhall School of Music, where he refined his prodigious skills as a composer and began to introduce the qanun's distinctive sound in new settings. His composi?tion for qanun and chamber orchestra had its world-premiere performance in 2000 in Cyprus. His recordings and collaborations have included both solo performances and featured soloist work with Sinead 0' Connor, Jocelyn Pook, Nat-acha Atlas, and David Arnold.
In 2001, he formed Nara, an ensemble com?bining the qanun with a variety of traditional Mediterranean and Middle Eastern instruments; an ever-evolving musical project based entirely on Chhadeh's original compositions. Nara con?tinues to inspire audiences at performances around the world.
Tonight's Arab World Music Summit follows UMS's Arab World Music Festival during the 0405 concert season.
Tonight's concert marks both Abdullah Chhadeh and Nara's UMS debuts as well as the UMS debut of Trio Joubran. Pianist Rami Khalife appeared in performance with his father, oudist and vocalist Marcel Khalife, at the Arab World Music Festival Opening Concert in October 2004 at Hill Auditorium.
Abdullah Chhadeh

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