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UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah

UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image UMS Concert Program, December 2, 2017 - December 3, 2017 - Handel's Messiah image
Day
2
Month
December
Year
2017
Rights Held By
University Musical Society
OCR Text

HandelÕs Messiah George Frideric Handel / Composer Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra UMS Choral Union Scott Hanoian / Conductor Brenda Rae / Soprano Avery Amereau / Contralto Sean Panikkar / Tenor Christian Van Horn / Bass-baritone Joseph Gascho / Harpsichord Scott VanOrnum / Organ Saturday Evening, December 2, 2017 at 8:00 Sunday Afternoon, December 3, 2017 at 2:00 Hill Auditorium Ann Arbor 25th and 26th Performances of the 139th Annual Season Choral Music Series This weekendÕs performances are supported by Richard and Norma Sarns and by the Carl and Isabelle Brauer Endowment Fund, which is one of 40 permanently endowed funds at UMS that generate annual support and ensure future UMS seasons. Media partnership provided by Ann ArborÕs 107one and WRCJ 90.9 FM. Special thanks to Jefferson Williams, the Michigan Center for Early Christian Studies, and the U-M Department of Near Eastern Studies for their participation in events surrounding this weekendÕs performances. Ms. Rae appears by arrangement with Columbia Artists Management. Ms. Amereau appears by arrangement with IMG Artists. Mr. Pannikar appears by arrangement with Etude Arts. Mr. Van Horn appears by arrangement with Opus 3 Artists. In consideration of the artists and the audience, please refrain from the use of electronic devices during the performance. The photography, sound recording, or videotaping of this performance is prohibited. PROGRAM Part I l    Sinfonia 2    Arioso    Mr. Panikkar     Isaiah 40: 1    Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God.     Isaiah 40: 2    Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto             her that her warfare is accomplished, that her                 iniquity is pardoned.     Isaiah 40: 3    The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness:                 Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in             the desert a highway for our God.  3    Air    Mr. Panikkar     Isaiah 40: 4    Every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and                 mountain . . . made low: the crooked . . . straight,             and the rough places plain:  4    Chorus     Isaiah 40: 5    And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and         all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of                 the Lord hath spoken it.  5    Accompanied     recitative    Mr. Van Horn     Haggai 2: 6    . . . thus saith the Lord of hosts: Yet once, . . .         a little while, and I will shake the heavens and                 the earth, the sea and the dry land;     Haggai 2: 7    And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all                 nations shall come: . . .     Malachi 3: 1    . . . the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come         to his temple, even the messenger of the                 covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall                 come, saith the Lord of hosts.  6    Air    Ms. Amereau     Malachi 3: 2    But who may abide the day of his coming? And         who shall stand when he appeareth? For he is                 like a refinerÕs fire, . . .  7    Chorus     Malachi 3: 3    . . . and he shall purify the sons of Levi, . . . that         they may offer unto the Lord an offering in                 righteousness.  8    Recitative    Ms. Amereau     Isaiah 7: 14    Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son,         and shall call his name Immanuel, ÒGod-with-us.Ó  9    Air and Chorus    Ms. Amereau     Isaiah 40: 9    O thou that tellest good tidings to Zion, get thee         up into the high mountain; O thou that tellest         good tidings to Jerusalem, lift up thy voice with         strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the         cities of Judah: Behold your God!     Isaiah 60: 1    Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory         of the Lord is risen upon thee. 10    Arioso    Mr. Van Horn     Isaiah 60: 2    For behold, . . . darkness shall cover the earth,         and gross darkness the people: but the Lord         shall arise upon thee, and His glory shall be seen         upon thee     Isaiah 60: 3    And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and         kings to the brightness of thy rising. 11    Air    Mr. Van Horn     Isaiah 9: 2    The people that walked in darkness have seen a         great light: and they that dwell in the land of the         shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. 12    Chorus     Isaiah 9: 6    For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is         given: and the government shall be upon his         shoulder, and his name shall be called         Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, 
        The Everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. 13    Pifa     (Pastoral Symphony) 14    Recitative    Ms. Rae     Luke 2: 8    . . . there were . . . shepherds abiding in the field,         keeping watch over their flock by night. 15    Arioso    Ms. Rae         Luke 2: 9    And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them,         and the glory of the Lord shone round about                 them: and they were sore afraid. 16    Recitative    Ms. Rae             Luke 2: 10    And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for,         behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy,                 which shall be to all people.     Luke 2: 11    For unto you is born this day in the city of David         a Savior, which is Christ the Lord. 17    Arioso    Ms. Rae         Luke 2: 13    And suddenly there was with the angel a                 multitude of the heavenly host praising God and                 saying, 18    Chorus     Luke 2: 14    Glory to God in the highest, and peace on earth,             good will toward men. 19    Air    Ms. Rae     Zechariah 9: 9    Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O         daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh             unto thee: he is the righteous Savior, . . .     Zechariah 9: 10    . . . and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: . . . 20    Recitative    Ms. Amereau     Isaiah 35: 5    Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and             the ears of the deaf . . . unstopped.     Isaiah 35: 6    Then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the         tongue of the dumb shall sing: . . . 21    Air     Ms. Amereau and Ms. Rae     Isaiah 40: 11    He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: and he                 shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry                 them in his bosom, and . . . gently lead those that             are with young.     Matthew 11: 28    Come unto Him, all ye that labor and are heavy                 laden, and He will give you rest.     Matthew 11: 29    Take His yoke upon you, and learn of Him, for He             is meek and lowly of heart: and ye shall find rest             unto your souls. 22    Chorus     Matthew 11: 30    . . . His yoke is easy, and His burden is light. Intermission Part II 23    Chorus     John 1: 29    . . . Behold, the Lamb of God, that taketh away                 the sin of the world! . . . 24    Air    Ms. Amereau     Isaiah 53: 3    He was despised and rejected of men; a man of         sorrows, and acquainted with grief: . . .     Isaiah 50: 6    He gave his back to the smiters, and His cheeks             to them that plucked off the hair: He hid not His             face from shame and spitting. 25    Chorus         Isaiah 53: 4    Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our         sorrows: . . .     Isaiah 53: 5    . . . he was wounded for our transgressions, he                 was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement             of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes             are we healed. 26    Chorus     Isaiah 53: 4    All we like sheep have gone astray; we have                 turned every one to his own way; and the Lord                 hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. 27    Arioso    Mr. Panikkar     Psalm 22: 7    All they that see him laugh him to scorn: they                 shoot our their lips, and shake their heads,                 saying: 28    Chorus     Psalm 22: 8    He trusted in God that he would deliver him: let                 him deliver him, if he delight in him. 29    Accompanied     recitative    Mr. Panikkar     Psalm 69: 20    Thy rebuke hath broken his heart; he is full of         heaviness: he looked for some to have pity on                 him, but there was no man; neither found he any             to comfort him. 30    Arioso    Mr. Panikkar     Lamentations 1: 12    Behold and see if there be any sorrow like unto         his sorrow . . . 31    Accompanied     recitative    Mr. Panikkar         Isaiah 53: 8    . . . he was cut off out of the land of the living: for         the transgressions of thy people was he         stricken. 32    Air    Mr. Panikkar             Psalm 16: 10    But thou didst not leave his soul in hell; nor didst         thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption. 33    Chorus     Psalm 24: 7    Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, 
        ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall 
        come in.     Psalm 24: 8    Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and         mighty, the Lord mighty in battle.     Psalm 24: 9    Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up,         ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall         come in.     Psalm 24: 10    Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he is         the King of glory. 34    Recitative    Mr. Panikkar     Hebrews 1: 5    . . . unto which of the angels said he at any time,         Thou art my son, this day have I begotten thee? . . . 35    Chorus     Hebrews 1: 6    . . . let all the angels of God worship him. 36    Air    Ms. Amereau     Psalm 68: 18    Thou art gone up on high, thou has lead captivity         captive: and received gifts for men; yea, even for         thine enemies, that the Lord God might dwell         among them. 37    Chorus     Psalm 68: 11    The Lord gave the word: great was the company 
        of the preachers. 38    Air     Ms. Rae     Isaiah 52: 7    How beautiful are the feet of them that preach 
        the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of 
        good things . . . 39    Chorus Romans 10: 18    Their sound is gone out into all lands, and their     words unto the ends of the world. 40    Air    Mr. Van Horn     Psalm 2: 1    Why do the nations so furiously rage together, . . . 
        why do the people imagine a vain thing?     Psalm 2: 2    The kings of the earth rise up, and the rulers 
        take counsel together against the Lord and his 
        anointed, . . .          41    Chorus     Psalm 2: 3    Let us break their bonds asunder, and cast away 
        their yokes from us. 42    Recitative    Mr. Panikkar     Psalm 2: 4    He that dwelleth in heaven shall laugh them to 
        scorn: the Lord shall leave them in derision. 43    Air    Mr. Panikkar             Psalm 2: 9    Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou 
        shalt dash them in pieces like a potterÕs vessel. 44    Chorus     Revelation 19: 6    Hallelujah: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Revelation 11: 15    . . . The kingdom of this world is become the     kingdom of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he     shall reign for ever and ever.     Revelation 19: 16    . . . King of Kings, and Lord of Lords. You are invited to join the UMS Choral Union in singing the ÒHallelujahÓ chorus. Please leave the music at the door when exiting the auditorium. Thank you. Part III 45    Air    Ms. Rae     Job 19: 25    I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall 
        stand at the latter day upon the earth.     Job 19: 26    And though . . . worms destroy this body, yet in 
        my flesh shall I see God.     I Cor. 15: 20    For now is Christ risen from the dead, . . . the first 
        fruits of them that sleep. 46    Chorus     I Cor. 15: 21    . . . since by man came death, by man came also 
        the resurrection of the dead.     I Cor. 15: 22    For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all 
        be made alive. 47    Accompanied     recitative    Mr. Van Horn     I Cor. 15: 51    Behold, I tell you a mystery; we shall not all 
        sleep, but we shall all be changed,     I Cor. 15: 52    In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye at the 
        last trumpet: 48    Air    Mr. Van Horn         I Cor. 15: 52    . . . the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall 
        be raised incorruptible, and we shall be 
        changed.     I Cor. 15: 53    For this corruptible must put on incorruption, 
        and this mortal must put on immortality. 49    Recitative    Ms. Amereau     I Cor. 15: 54    . . . then shall be brought to pass the saying that 
        is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. 50    Duet    Ms. Amereau and Mr. Panikkar     I Cor. 15: 55    O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is 
        thy victory?     I Cor. 15: 56    The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin 
        is the law. 51    Chorus     I Cor. 15: 57    But thanks be to God, who giveth us the victory 
        through our Lord Jesus Christ. 52    Air    Ms. Rae     Romans 8: 31    If God be for us, who can be against us?     Romans 8: 33    Who shall lay anything to the charge of GodÕs 
        elect? It is God that justifieth.     Romans 8: 34    Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that 
        died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is . . . at 
        the right hand of God, who . . . maketh 
        intercession for us. 53    Chorus Revelation 5: 12         . . . Worthy is the Lamb that was slain and hath         redeemed us to God by His blood to receive         power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength,         and honor, and glory, and blessing.     Revelation 5: 13     . . . Blessing, and honor, . . . glory, and power, be         unto Him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto 
        the Lamb for ever and ever. 
        Amen. MESSIAH (1741) George Frideric Handel Born February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany Died April 14, 1759 in London UMS premiere: The UMS Choral Union began singing choruses of HandelÕs Messiah at its first-ever concert in December 1879 at the M.E. Church. Messiah has been performed in its entirety annually since December 1941. Snapshots of HistoryÉIn 1741: á Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia á Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale á Composer Antonio Vivaldi dies á A memorial to William Shakespeare is erected in PoetsÕ Corner of Westminster Abbey George Frideric HandelÕs sacred oratorio Messiah is without question one of the most popular works in the choral/orchestral repertoire today. In what has become an indispensable Christmas tradition, amateur and professional musicians in almost every city and town throughout the country perform this work as a seasonal entertainment, and are rewarded with the satisfaction of taking part in one of the great communal musical events. The text for Messiah was selected and compiled from the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible by Charles Jennens, an aristocrat and musician/poet of modest talent and exceptional ego. With Messiah, Jennens seems to have outdone himself in compiling a libretto with profound thematic coherence and an acute sensitivity to the inherent musical structure. With the finished libretto in his possession, Handel began setting it to music on August 22, 1741, and completed it 24 days later. He was certainly working at white-hot speed, but this didnÕt necessarily indicate he was in the throes of devotional fervor, as legend has often stated. Handel composed many of his works in haste, and immediately after completing Messiah he wrote his next oratorio, Samson, in a similarly brief time-span. The swiftness with which Handel composed Messiah can be partially explained by the musical borrowings from his own earlier compositions. For example, the melodies used in the two choruses ÒAnd He shall purifyÓ and ÒHis yoke is easyÓ were taken from an Italian chamber duet Handel had written earlier in 1741, ÒQuel fior che allÕ alba ride.Ó Another secular duet, ÒN˜, di voi non voÕ fidarmi,Ó provided material for the famous chorus ÒFor unto us a Child is born,Ó and the delightful ÒAll we like sheepÓ borrows its wandering melismas from the same duet. A madrigal from 1712, ÒSe tu non lasci amore,Ó was transformed into a duet-chorus pair for the end of  the oratorio, ÒO Death, where is thy sting,Ó and ÒBut thanks be to God.Ó In each instance, however, Handel does more than simply provide new words to old tunes. There is considerable re-composition, and any frivolity that remains from the light-hearted secular models is more than compensated for by the new material Handel masterfully worked into each chorus. Over-enthusiastic ÒHandelistsÓ in the 19th century perpetuated all sorts of legends regarding the composition of Messiah. An often-repeated story relates how HandelÕs servant found him sobbing with emotion while writing the famous ÒHallelujah Chorus,Ó and the composer claiming, ÒI did think I did see all Heaven before me and the great God Himself.Ó Supposedly Handel often left his meals untouched during this compositional period, in an apparent display of devotional fasting and monastic self-denial. Present-day historians more familiar with HandelÕs life and religious views tend to downplay these stories. ItÕs been suggested that if Handel did indeed have visions of Heaven while he composed Messiah, then it was only in the same manner in which he visualized the Roman pantheon of gods while he composed his opera Semele. HandelÕs religious faith was sincere, but tended to be practical rather than mystical. The tradition of performing Messiah at Christmas began later in the 18th century. Although the work was occasionally performed during Advent in Dublin, the oratorio was usually regarded in England as an entertainment for the penitential season of Lent, when performances of opera were banned. MessiahÕs extended musical focus on ChristÕs redeeming sacrifice also makes it particularly suitable for Passion Week and Holy Week, the periods when it was usually performed during HandelÕs lifetime. But in 1791, the C¾cilian Society of London began its annual Christmas performances, and in 1818 the Handel and Haydn Society of Boston gave the workÕs first complete performance in the US on Christmas Day Ñ establishing a tradition that continues to the present. UMS is a direct result of this tradition. In 1879, a group of local university and townspeople gathered together to study HandelÕs Messiah; this group assumed the name ÒThe Choral UnionÓ and, in 1880, the members of the Choral Union established the University Musical Society. Following the pattern of Italian baroque opera, Messiah is divided into three parts. The first is concerned with prophecies of the MessiahÕs coming, drawing heavily from messianic texts in the Book of Isaiah, and concludes with an account of the Christmas story that mixes both Old and New Testament sources. The second part deals with ChristÕs mission and sacrifice, culminating in the grand ÒHallelujah Chorus.Ó The final, shortest section is an extended hymn of thanksgiving, an expression of faith beginning with JobÕs statement ÒI know that my Redeemer livethÓ and closing with the majestic chorus ÒWorthy is the LambÓ and a fugal ÒAmen.Ó In its focus on ChristÕs sacrifice Messiah resembles the great Lutheran Passions of SchŸtz and Bach, but with much less direct narrative and more meditative commentary on the redemptive nature of the MessiahÕs earthly mission. Handel scholar Robert Myers suggested that Òlogically HandelÕs masterpiece should be called Redemption, for its author celebrates the idea of Redemption, rather than the personality of Christ.Ó For the believer and non-believer alike, HandelÕs Messiah is undoubtedly a majestic musical edifice. But while a truly popular favorite around the world, Messiah aspires to more than just a reputation as an enjoyable musical event. After an early performance of the work in London, Lord Kinnoul congratulated Handel on the Ònoble entertainmentÓ he had recently brought to the city. Handel is said to have replied, ÒMy Lord, I should be sorry if I only entertained them; I wished to make them better.Ó Certainly Messiah carries an ennobling message to people of all faiths and credos, proclaiming Òpeace on earth, and goodwill towards menÓ Ñ a message that continues to be timely and universal. Program note by Luke Howard. THIS IS YOUR MESSIAH by Doyle Armbrust WhatÕs your favorite number in Messiah? For me, nothing tops ÒSince By Man Came DeathÓ (number 46). It levels me every time. Not only is the chorus singing a cappella for the only moment in the entire piece Ñ which is totally harrowing Ñ those suspensions and harmonic shifts have me instantly dabbing at the corners of my eyes whether itÕs a world-class ensemble singing, or my auntÕs once-a-week volunteer church choir having at it. ThereÕs something singular, something supremely special about this piece, right? You know how if you hop on a treadmill at the gym, the person next to you gets subtly, though immediately, competitive with your pace? For gigging musicians, their version of this is asking the question, ÒHow many Messiahs are you playing this year?Ó The truth is, it can be a bit of a slog, but donÕt worry, youÕre at one of the good ones. In considering and reconsidering this landmark work, it occurs to me that my two most memorable performances took place with music directors who approach it quite differently Ñ not only the music itself, but their reading of the text and its historical context. Like all of my favorite films/paintings/dances/sculptures, Messiah is one of those pieces that makes room for oneÕs personal experience with it. It may solidify your sacred convictions, or light up that part of your brain that thrives on vocal virtuosity, or simply bring you the comfort that only an old friend can. Whatever the case, I share my experiences with two world-class choral conductors to both offer you an (perhaps) unfamiliar perspective, but also to affirm that wherever your brain and your heart go during this performance, itÕs the right place. Doyle Armbrust: Of all the Messiahs IÕve done over the years, there are two that were actually memorable, and one of those was with you at Northwestern last year. Donald Nally: IÕm hoping that it was memorable for good reasons. DA: Actually this is a huge take-down piece. Did I not mention that? DN: Yeah. Thanks. DA: Seriously, though, I recall that you had a very humanist take on the piece. DN: Well, IÕm a non-believer. I tend to look at everything with a universal approach. I make music based on what I see as a need for spirituality, and a need for connectivity Ñ the things that drive us toward ritual and structure, which are the things that a liturgy provides. So for me, when I approach pieces set in the Old or New Testaments, they always read in a humanistic, ÒWho are we?Ó way. IÕm not interested in doing museum pieces. I donÕt want to pick up Messiah and say, ÒThis is how this piece is supposed to go, children.Ó I want to pick it up and ask, ÒWhat does this mean to us in 2017?Ó The fact that itÕs good music is not reason enough for me to perform it. DA: In rehearsal, we get to talk about these sorts of choices Ñ but what is your hope for how much of that reaches the audience in performance? DN: One of my strongest beliefs is that we should never tell the audience what to feel. Put the composer in front of the audience as purely as you can, and leave it at that. I donÕt think great music needs explanation. I want the audience to follow the flow Ñ the logic that Handel conceived that they would. DA: So your hope is that the audience has whatever emotional experience they walk into the hall with, whether that be from a place of belief or non-belief. DN: Yeah, I do. Their own context is going to greatly affect how they receive it. Take the pacing of the piece. Handel conceived of it in scenes which he carefully labeled with titles. Unfortunately, the publishers donÕt include those scenes in the score. ThatÕs a shame, because thatÕs the primary clue to its construction, in terms of how the numbers are grouped together. How you move through a given scene will greatly affect how the scene will be heard, just like in opera. So hopefully we can provide enough space that the listener will engage with it on their own terms. DA: Do you remember the first time you conducted Messiah? DN: I had a group back in the 1990s called the Bridge Ensemble, which was the prototype for The Crossing. You name any mistake one can make when starting a group, and I made it, and IÕm grateful for that because I didnÕt repeat those mistakes when I started The Crossing. We did Messiah, and I remember sitting back and thinking, ÒLetÕs pretend this piece was just written and I donÕt know anything about it. Handel has just sent me the score. Where do I begin with this two-and-a-half-hour piece?Ó You begin to answer questions in a really practical way, and speed and length have a lot to do with it. I also performed it in Wales, and that was interesting because they are accustomed to a very traditional approach. [Adopting a British accent] You wait for each soloist to rise, and the harpsichord rrrrolls the chord, and they eNUNciate. That one was a real journey. DA: Back to your performance with The Bridge, though, was this humanist reading of the piece already in place then? DN: ThatÕs been a part of my music-making for decades. DA: Is there a part of Messiah that you think is the pivot point or crux of the emotional drama? DN: Handel lived during a time of friction between the humanists and the pietists, and in Messiah he focuses a lot on the persecution of Jesus. The ÒHallelujahÓ chorus is obviously the most iconic of any chorus, but personally I think everything leads up to the final aria. ThereÕs almost nothing going on. ItÕs basically a trio sonata of unison violins, continuo, and voice, and the singer says, ÒHe makes intercession for us.Ó Everything that came before, all this stuff about your life? If you remember that this paternal figure is in your life, then nothing else matters and you can bear anything. ItÕs a very calculated and calculating moment. You hear the singer repeating, over and over, ÒWho makes intercession for us, who makes intercession for usÉÓ DA: For you as a non-believer, how does that translate? DN: We all desire connectivity and to know that we are secure. Religion is that answer for some people, but not for me. I either have to find that in myself or in my community. Creating a trusted community around me is fundamental. You know, youÕre sitting there in an audience of 600 people and you donÕt know 598 of them. YouÕre all listening to the same piece, and probably along the way you are going to reach some understanding about human nature and the value of recognizing your human-ness in other people. Messiah does that regardless of how you approach it. ThatÕs why you buy the ticket. To me, thatÕs the whole point 
of why we make art. Doyle Armbrust: To my mind, you take a really performative approach to Messiah, which includes some liberties that I love, but that are outside what IÕve come to expect as the usual readings of the piece. What does your evolution with this work look like? Patrick DuprŽ Quigley: As far as I know, Messiah is the longest, continuously performed orchestral concert-hall piece that we have in the repertoire. ItÕs the oldest piece thatÕs never been shelved or regionalized since its premiere. When Handel was alive, there were very few performances in which he didnÕt change something, based on the performers or the audience. Unlike Bach, Handel was an impresario, and took on a lot of the financial risk of concerts himself. He was a salesman and a showman, and he wrote pieces like Messiah because Italian opera was going out of fashion in England, and he wanted something to replace the income he was getting from producing these Italian-language operas. He started writing semi-sacred works to be performed in concert halls, which was controversial, even shocking, at the time. The first person who performed the ÒHe Was DespisedÓ movementÉnot even a singer! She was a Hermione Gingold-type actress who spoke the entire aria at pitch. This was an actress of dubious repute, morally, and a pastor reportedly jumped up at the ariaÕs conclusion and shouted, ÒWoman, all your sins are forgiven!Ó This was not a staid event. This was a replacement for opera. And Italian opera at the time had all sorts of showy, fantastical conventions of ornamentation and cadenzas and dynamics that are not noted in the score. It didnÕt need to be, in HandelÕs case, because the composer was the producer and was always on hand. For the first performance, there was a small-ish orchestra, a choir of 32, and five soloists. During his lifetime, there were performances that he produced with 1,000 singers and a gigantic orchestra. This is a guy who didnÕt care about the purity of the piece, but rather cared about the music of the piece and presenting it in a gripping way that made people sit up and take notice. He wanted to take the best of what he had at the time and wow people with it. He wasnÕt going for profundity, he was going for spectacle. My performances start from a place of, ÒIf this were in Italian, where would the cadenza happen?Ó The approach for Handel was how to touch people through an almost bel canto treatment of the voices in the solo numbers. This was a statement of what voices can do. The things that IÕm trying to bring out, what would have been exciting at the time, arenÕt necessarily on the page because it didnÕt need to be during a seven-night run with plenty of rehearsals and the composer present. ItÕs impossible to recreate an authentic performance of Messiah. There would be no lights or air conditioning, youÕd have to take a carriage to the hall, and the person sitting next to you would have not showered for a month. If thatÕs the baseline, how do you make someone who is wearing unbearably uncomfortable clothing sitting on a wooden seatÉhow do you keep their attention? Some of HandelÕs productions closed after three nights. But with Messiah and maybe [HandelÕs early oratorio] Deborah, there are accounts of students at Oxford selling their furniture in order to buy a ticket. This is rock-star music, not church music. There is a gigantic chasm between the reverence with which we perform Bach, and the playfulness with which we can approach Handel because itÕs not liturgical music. ItÕs music for the theater. DA: So youÕve thought a little bit about this, then. PDQ: Yeah. DA: But when you guest-conduct Messiah at a major orchestra, like San Francisco Symphony, do you find yourself tempering any of those impulses? PDQ: I may temper how much I ask for specific articulations or non-vibrato, but I donÕt change how I dramatically approach the piece. I have a pretty strong sense of how the piece should be performed in a dramatic sense. ItÕs joyous and explosive and it contains the heights and depths of human emotion. DA: Given that Seraphic Fire was founded in Miami, which maybe doesnÕt have as many entrenched traditions around this music, do you think that you had a unique amount of room to explore your approach? PDQ: Absolutely. Not only is the Miami audience eager for novelty, I have one of the most diverse audiences in the US. These are listeners ready to listen to Messiah with fresh ears. DA: For the longer stretches that youÕve presented Messiah year after year, did you ever find yourself in an arms race Ñ with yourself Ñ to get that same adrenaline rush each time? PDQ: Definitely. IÕll wonder, ÒWhat am I going to do this year? How can I make the piece speak on a different level than it did last year?Ó Every year I might have a different singer, so every year IÕm writing new cadenzas based on the strengths of each. DA: I have to imagine the audience in Boca Raton is quite a bit different than the audience in Fort Lauderdale. What is the ultimate takeaway youÕre offering these audiences? Is it the spectacle? PDQ: To your first point, Messiah is the most oblique telling of this story thatÕs ever been told, because itÕs told mostly through [the book of] Revelation and projections from the Old Testament. My job is to be as true to the original spirit of the piece as I can. People can bring their own experience to the libretto. Our job is to communicate the music in the most exciting and engaging way possible Ñ and not tell people how to feel about it. For some people, our performance may be unsettling because itÕs not the way their [Eugene] Ormandy recording sounds. For others, itÕs like, ÒHow have I never heard this piece beforeÉhow have I only heard the Hallelujah chorusÉOMG thereÕs so much music after the Hallelujah chorus!Ó DA: Do you think the dramatic crux of the piece is also the most spectacular? PDQ: The moment that the drama changes is ÒHe Was DespisedÓ and the three attacca choruses that follow. This is where Messiah becomes not just a great show, but a masterpiece. Doyle Armbrust is a Chicago-based violist and member of the Spektral Quartet. He is a contributing writer for WQXRÕs Q2 Music, CrainÕs Chicago Business,ÊChicago Magazine, Chicago Tribune, and formerly, Time Out Chicago. DONALD NALLY The Crossing, Northwestern University Contemporary/Early Music Ensemble 14 15 PATRICK DUPRƒ QUIGLEY Seraphic Fire 16 THIS IS (ACTUALLY) YOUR MESSIAH SCOTT HANOIAN Music Director and Conductor, 
UMS Choral Union Doyle Armbrust: IÕve always been fascinated by the fact that Messiah consistently draws in listeners of all religious persuasions. What is it about this piece that has such a mass appeal, or speaks beyond its specifically sacred text? Scott Hanoian: I believe there is something in HandelÕs Messiah for everyone. For those rooted in the Christian tradition, the relevance of the story is obvious. But for those who simply like a good story, this one has a bit of everything. From the uncertainty of the state of the world painted at the beginning, through the joyful birth, to the brutality of the crucifixion, and the triumphant resurrection Ñ itÕs drama at its best. DA: Can you tell me a little about the experience of walking into a situation in which both the piece (Messiah) and the former conductor have such a long history? What does that balance between how things have been, and how you hope to shape these events, look like? SH: I had the fortune of inheriting the reins of Choral Union from someone who had brought the group to ever-expanding musical heights and professionalism. As such, I could get right to matters of style, articulation, dynamic preferences, and all those things which are unique to my interpretation. Add to that the Choral UnionÕs history of singing with multiple conductors in any one season, and you have a phenomenal group of flexible singers ready to do whatever they see in front of them! DA: I find that conductors often have very different approaches to this piece. Is there a defining characteristic to the way you conduct/produce it? SH: I suppose if I were to take a step back and analyze my approach, I would say that my first priority is propelling the drama of the work as a whole. That certainly informs matters of tempo, dynamic, and even articulation as you attempt to tell this story to an audience that, for the most part, knows how it ends. DA: Every listener will have their own experience, but with what do you hope they will leave the hall, for this yearÕs performance? SH: That each listener experiences the meaning behind each of the movements. That the choices we make as performers help the audience engage in the meaning and significance of the story. And, most importantly, that they leave not noticing 
that two-and-a-half hours have just passed! DA: At any annual event, there are always humorous stories of mishaps, musical or not. Is there one, at UMS or elsewhere, that youÕd like to share? SH: My first year I decided to buy new shoes for the performance. I didnÕt notice that they were entirely leather on the bottom. Since I wore them for the first time during the Saturday performance, I didnÕt notice that the leather on the shoes wouldnÕt be a good match for the carpeted podium. I spent the whole of the intermission outside on the pavement scuffing up the shoes so I wouldnÕt be slipping and sliding for the second half! 18 19 ARTISTS Scott Hanoian (conductor) is the music director and conductor of the UMS Choral Union where he conducts and prepares the Grammy Award-winning chorus in performances with the worldÕs finest orchestras and conductors. Choruses prepared by Mr. Hanoian have sung under the batons of Leonard Slatkin, Iv‡n Fischer, Stefan Sanderling, Peter Oundjian, and
Arie Lipsky. Mr. Hanoian is active as an organist, accompanist, continuo artist, conductor, choral adjudicator, and guest clinician. He is the director of music and organist at Christ Church Grosse Pointe, where he directs the churchÕs four choirs and oversees the yearly concert series. Mr. Hanoian has served on the faculty of Wayne State University and Oakland University and was the artistic director 
and conductor of the Oakland Choral Society from 2013Ð15. As an organist and conductor, Mr. Hanoian has performed concerts throughout the US and has led choirs on trips to Great Britain, Ireland, Italy, France, and Spain. In the summer of 2017, Mr. Hanoian led the Christ Church Schola during their weeklong residency at Westminster Abbey. Before moving to Grosse Pointe, Mr. Hanoian was the assistant organist and assistant director of music at Washington National Cathedral where he played the organ for many services including the funerals for Presidents Ronald Reagan and Gerald Ford. Mr. Hanoian has recorded the complete organ works of Johannes Brahms for the JAV label. Brenda Rae (soprano) is a highly sought-after artist who regularly performs in many of the worldÕs leading opera houses, concert halls, and recital venues. At home in a wide range of repertoire, Ms. Rae has been praised for her Òtireless, golden sopranoÓ (The Times), Òdazzling, pinpoint coloraturaÓ (Opera News), and Òbreathtaking masteryÓ (Frankfurter Rundschau). Ms. Rae began the current season as the Queen of the Night in MozartÕs Die Zauberflšte on tour with the Bavarian State Opera in Tokyo. Also with the Bavarian State Opera this season, she sings the title role in StraussÕs Die Schweigsame Frau and Zerbinetta in Ariadne auf Naxos, a role she performs again at the newly renovated Berlin State Opera in January. At Oper Frankfurt she returns to the roles of Gilda in Rigoletto and Amina in La Sonnambula, both of which she performed to critical acclaim during their premiere seasons. Over the summer she makes her role debut as Cunegonde in BernsteinÕs Candide at the Santa Fe Opera. In concert, she sings arias by Rameau with the Australian National Academy of Music Orchestra in Melbourne, MozartÕs Exsultate, jubilate and the first soprano solos in his Mass in c minor with Teatro alla Scala in Milan as part of their annual Christmas concert, and the soprano solos in HandelÕs Messiah with UMS in Ann Arbor. Ms. Rae is a Grammy-nominated artist who appears on several recordings including OffenbachÕs Fantasio (Opera Rara), StraussÕs Ariadne auf Naxos (Oehms Classics), Lowell LiebermannÕs Little Heaven (Albany Records), WagnerÕs Die Feen (Oehms Classics), MilhaudÕs The Oresteia of Aeschylus (Naxos), and also on DVD in HandelÕs Rinaldo from Glyndebourne (Opus Arte). She earned an artistic diploma from the Juilliard Opera Center, a masterÕs degree from the Juilliard School, and a bachelorÕs degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Avery Amereau (contralto) has garnered much attention for the unique quality of her timbre and sensitive interpretation. The New York Times proclaims she is Òa rarity in musicÓ and Òan extraordinary American alto on the rise.Ó Highlights of the 2017.Ð18 season include company and role debuts as Cherubino in MozartÕs Le Nozze di Figaro with the Grand ThŽ‰tre de Genve, Ursule in BerliozÕs BŽatrice et BŽnŽdict with the Seattle Opera, a debut with the Salzburger Festspiele, and a return to the Metropolitan Opera as Kate Pinkerton in Anthony MinghellaÕs beloved production of PucciniÕs Madama Butterly. On the concert stage, Ms. Amereau debuts with the Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra under Nicholas McGegan in a concert of new music and returns later in the season for BeethovenÕs Mass in C Major and Choral Fantasy. She will debut with the Orchestra of St. LukeÕs in a program of Vivaldi arias, and rejoins the American Classical Orchestra for BrahmsÕs Alto Rhapsody. She makes duo appearances with the Santa Fe Pro Musica for a series of Christmas and Easter concerts, and in December performs HandelÕs Messiah with the Phoenix Symphony, Nashville Symphony, and UMS in Ann Arbor. The 2016Ð17 season saw her professional operatic debut with the Metropolitan Opera at the age of 25 as the Madrigal Singer in PucciniÕs Manon Lescaut. The New York Times praised her performance as ÒcaptivatingÉ. [Amereau] stood out for the unusually rich, saturated auburn timbre of her voice.Ó Ms. Amereau fosters a love for historical performance, having performed under the batons of renowned early music conductors Helmut Rilling, William Christie, and Maasaki Suzuki. A native of Jupiter, Florida, Ms. Amereau received her BM at Mannes College, and her MM and Artist Diploma at the Juilliard School studying under Edith Wiens, where she was a proud recipient of a Kovner Fellowship. She has studied at the Internationale Meistersinger Akademie in Bavaria, Germany, and was chosen by the Shoshana Foundation as a 2017 Richard F. Gold Career Grant recipient. Sean Panikkar (tenor) continues Òto position himself as one of the stars of his generationÉHis voice is unassailable Ñ firm, sturdy, and clear, and he employs it with maximum dramatic versatilityÓ (Opera News). The American tenor of Sri Lankan heritage made his Metropolitan Opera debut under the baton of James Levine in Manon Lescaut (commercially available on DVD on EMI), and his European operatic debut in MozartÕs Za•de at the Aix-en-Provence Festival in a production directed by Peter Sellars and conducted by Louis LangrŽe (commercially available on DVD on Opus Arte). A highlight of the current season is a Salzburg Festival debut as Dionysus in a new production of HenzeÕs The Bassarids directed by Krzysztof Warlikowski; the title also serves the tenor his Madrid debut in concert performances with the Spanish National Orchestra and Choir, both presentations under the baton of Kent Nagano. Mr. Panikkar assays Don JosŽ in a production of Carmen with Madison Opera conducted by John DeMain and returns to the stage of Pittsburgh Opera for a role debut as Greenhorn in Jake HeggieÕs Moby Dick. Additional appearances of the season include JFK with OpŽra de MontrŽal, The Summer King at Michigan Opera Theatre, and HandelÕs Messiah at UMS in Ann Arbor. Highly prized as an interpreter of contemporary music on leading international stages, Mr. Panikkar created the roles of Adam in Giorgio BattistelliÕs CO2 for a debut at Teatro alla Scala in a world premiere conducted by Cornelius Meister and directed by Robert Carsen, Agent Henry Rathbone in David T. LittleÕs JFK at the Fort Worth Opera, and he garnered passionate acclaim in the title role of Jack PerlaÕs Shalimar the Clown for Opera Theatre of Saint Louis. Mr. Panikkar is a member of Forte, the operatic tenor group combining voices from different cultures into one incredible sound. The trio was created and debuted for the first time ever on AmericaÕs Got Talent and had never met until only days before their first audition. An alumnus of San Francisco OperaÕs Adler Fellowship, Mr. Panikkar holds masterÕs and bachelorÕs degrees in voice performance from the University of Michigan. This season, Christian Van Horn (bass-baritone) returns to the Metropolitan Opera as Julio in the American premiere of Thomas AdŽsÕs The Exterminating Angel and in productions of The Magic Flute and La bohme. He also returns to the Lyric Opera of Chicago as Mephistopheles in Faust, the Canadian Opera Company as the Emperor in The Nightingale, and sings HandelÕs Messiah with UMS in Ann Arbor. Mr. Van Horn has appeared in many of the great opera houses of the world including the Metropolitan Opera, Lyric Opera of Chicago, San Francisco Opera, Santa Fe Opera, Los Angeles Opera, Canadian Opera Company, Bayerische Staatsoper, Rome Opera, Stuttgart Opera, Grand ThŽ‰tre de Genve, and Netherlands Opera, and at the Salzburg and Munich festivals. In concert, Mr. Van Horn recently made his debuts with the New York Philharmonic and the San Francisco Symphony. He has also appeared at the Salzburg Easter Festival with the Berlin Philharmonic and Sir Simon Rattle, at Carnegie Hall in a concert programmed by the Emerson String Quartet as part of their Perspective Series, and in performances of TippetÕs Child of Our Time with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, BeethovenÕs Missa Solemnis with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra, BeethovenÕs Symphony No. 9 with the Pacific Symphony, MozartÕs Requiem at both the Mostly Mozart Festival and the National Arts Centre in Ottawa, and the opening concerts of the Bard Music Festival. Mr. Van Horn recorded the title role of Le nozze di Figaro for Sony Classical. He also recently appeared in the Metropolitan OperaÕs HD broadcast of Falstaff. Mr. Van Horn received his MM from Yale University and is a graduate of the Lyric Opera Center for American Artists at the Lyric Opera of Chicago. His numerous awards include winner at the 2003 Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions, a 2003 Sarah Tucker Study Grant, first place at the 2002 MacAllister Competition Collegiate Division, prize-winner in the 2002 Liederkranz Foundation Vocal Competition, and the Richman Award from the Opera Theatre of St. Louis. Joseph Gascho (harpsichord) has performed for enrapt audiences across the world, from Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center to Paris, Tokyo, and Taipei. Trained under the mastery of Webb Wiggins and Arthur Haas, Mr. Gascho has garnered multiple awards for his playing, including first prize in the Jurow International Harpsichord Competition, and the prestigious Pomeroy Prize for Early Music. He has guest conducted and performed concerti with ApolloÕs Fire, and served as conductor with Opera Vivente, the Maryland Opera Studio, and the Peabody Institute. He recently conducted four all-Bach concerts for ApolloÕs Fire, Òleading with energy, authority, and a conducting technique that inspired the musicians he led to perform at their highest level. Mr. GaschoÕs interpretations of the cantatas found the heart of each piece from the outset, realizing fully the drama and emotion that, in lesser hands, can often be lost in their rigid format (The Cleveland Plain Dealer).Ó He is likewise distinguished as an accomplished recording producer. Many celebrated artists and ensembles have turned to him to produce their recordings, including Pomerium, the Folger Consort, Trio Pardessus, the 21st Century Consort, Ensemble Gaudior, Three NotchÕd Road, pianist/composer Haskell Small, Cantate Chamber Singers, and the Washington Master Chorale. Mr. Gascho serves on the faculty at the U-M School of Music, Theatre & Dance, and at the Twin Cities Early Music FestivalÕs Baroque Instrumental Program. He has spent years mentoring students at the Baroque Performance Institute at Oberlin College, where he teaches basso continuo, coaches chamber music, and conducts the student orchestra. Educational institutions across the world have invited him to lecture and give master classes, including Gettysburg College, the University of South Dakota, and the Conservatoire in Strasbourg, France. Mr. Gascho holds masterÕs and doctoral degrees in harpsichord from the Peabody Conservatory and the University of Maryland, where he also studied orchestral conducting with James Ross. As keyboardist for the acclaimed University of Michigan Chamber Choir, Scott VanOrnum (organ) brings unusual depth and artistry to ensemble music-making. His recent performances with the U-M Chamber Choir include a concert tour of Australia and New Zealand, which culminated with an invitational appearance at the New Zealand Choral FederationÕs National Conference. A specialist in continuo instruments for baroque and early classical choral repertoire, Mr. VanOrnum is also keyboardist for the U-M Orpheus Singers, where he mentors graduate choral conducting students in conductor-accompanist collaboration. He is also on the artistic staff of the UMS Choral Union, for which he served as collaborative pianist for the 2014 Grammy Award-nominated Naxos recording of Darius MilhaudÕs LÕOrestie dÕEschyle. Mr. VanOrnum is also associate director of music at Our Shepherd Lutheran Church in Birmingham and an adjunct faculty member at Schoolcraft College in Livonia. Mr. VanOrnum has concertized throughout the US and abroad, including performances in Germany, Italy, France, Scotland, Australia, and New Zealand. He has served on the faculties of U-MÕs All-State Program at Interlochen, the MPulse Vocal Arts Institute at U-M, and the Oklahoma Summer Arts Institute at Quartz Mountain. In addition to performing and teaching schedules, he has served on the executive boards of the Dearborn Symphony Orchestra and the Ann Arbor and Detroit chapters of the American Guild of Organists. An honors graduate of the Interlochen Arts Academy and recipient of the United States Presidential Scholars in the Arts medal, Mr. VanOrnum studied organ performance with David Craighead at the Eastman School, and with Marilyn Mason at U-M. The Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra (A2SO) has been independently and favorably compared to musical giants such as the Leipzig Gewandhaus, the Boston Symphony, and the Detroit Symphony orchestras. All of these orchestras play regularly here, and Ann ArborÕs quality-conscious audience equates the A2SO to them with their discretionary entertainment dollars. This season the A2SO announced a seventh consecutive year of over 1,000 subscribers, underscoring the quality of the musical experience delivered to our growing audience. The A2SO is a versatile orchestra, performing the gamut of musical styles: from Beethoven to Kod‡ly, and from the revered Russian Masters to new and contemporary music by Ann ArborÕs own Bill Bolcom, Evan Chambers, Michael Daugherty, and Katie Fellman. A2SO concerts frequently feature world-class guest soloists including this seasonÕs opening concert with Lucas Meachem and Jacqueline Echols in Hill Auditorium. The A2SO is most privileged to be part of a community already enriched with musical talent including this weekendÕs concertmaster Kathryn Votapek and area choruses such as the UMS Choral Union and Measure for Measure. The A2SO is proud to play concerts in all venues Ñ from area farmers markets to school classrooms, and from libraries to day care centers and senior centers. You can hear A2SO concerts in person and by broadcast on WKAR and WRCJ radio stations. The A2SO is passionately committed to lead and enrich the culture of the region. It attracts, inspires, and educates the most diverse audience possible, fosters a growing appreciation for orchestral music and regional talent, and provides imaginative programming through community involvement. Join the A2SO back at Hill Auditorium on Friday, December 15 for its annual Holiday Pops concert. Formed in 1879 by a group of local university and townspeople who gathered together for the study of HandelÕs Messiah, the UMS Choral Union has performed with many of the worldÕs distinguished orchestras and conductors in its 138-year history. First led by Professor Henry Simmons Frieze and then conducted by Professor Calvin Cady, the group has performed HandelÕs Messiah in Ann Arbor annually since its first Messiah performance in December 1879. Based in Ann Arbor under the aegis of UMS and led by Scott Hanoian, the 175-voice Choral Union is known for its definitive performances of large-scale works for chorus and orchestra. The UMS Choral UnionÕs 2017Ð18 season continues in April with the Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra and Arie Lipsky for a performance of VerdiÕs Requiem. Women of the UMS Choral Union will end the season by joining the Detroit Symphony Orchestra and Fabien Gabel for a performance of DebussyÕs Nocturnes. The UMS Choral Union was a participant chorus in a rare performance and recording of William BolcomÕs Songs of Innocence and of Experience in Hill Auditorium in April 2004 under the baton of Leonard Slatkin. Naxos Records released a three-disc set of this recording in October 2004, featuring the UMS Choral Union and U-M School of Music, Theatre & Dance ensembles. The recording won four Grammy Awards in 2006, including ÒBest Choral PerformanceÓ and ÒBest Classical Album.Ó The recording was also selected as one of The New York Times ÓBest Classical Music CDs of 2004.Ó Other recent highlights include a Grammy-nominated recording project with the U-M School of Music, Theatre & DanceÕs choral and orchestral ensembles of a performance of the rarely heard Oresteian Trilogy by Darius Milhaud conducted by Kenneth Kiesler. Participation in the UMS Choral Union remains open to all students and adults 
by audition. For more information 
on how to audition, please visit 
www.ums.org/choralunion. 20 UMS ARCHIVES The UMS Choral Union began performing on December 16, 1879 and has presented HandelÕs Messiah in performances ever since. This weekendÕs performances mark the UMS Choral UnionÕs 437th and 438th appearances under UMS auspices, following its most recent UMS performance in November 2017 performing Leonard BernsteinÕs Symphony No. 3 under the baton of Leonard Slatkin with the New York Philharmonic in Hill Auditorium. Scott Hanoian makes his eighth and ninth UMS appearances this weekend, following his UMS debut in December 2015 in performances of HandelÕs Messiah. This weekendÕs performances mark the Ann Arbor Symphony OrchestraÕs 76th and 77th UMS performances since its 1974 UMS debut. Soprano Brenda Rae performs her third and fourth concerts under UMS auspices this weekend, following her UMS debut in February 2013 at Hill Auditorium in performances of HandelÕs Radamisto with the English Concert conducted by Harry Bicket. She most recently appeared at UMS in April 2013 at Hill Auditorium as part of MilhaudÕs LÕOrestie dÕEschyle with ensembles of the U-M School of Music, Theatre & Dance conducted by Kenneth Keisler. Joseph Gascho makes his fifth and sixth UMS appearances this weekend following his UMS debut in December 2015 in performances of HandelÕs Messiah. Organist Scott VanOrnum makes his 26th and 27th UMS appearances this weekend following his UMS debut in March 2003 at Pease Auditorium with the UMS Choral Union under the baton of Thomas Sheets. Mr. Gascho and Mr. VanOrnum most recently appeared under UMS auspices in December 2016 in performances of HandelÕs Messiah. UMS welcomes contralto Avery Amereau, tenor Sean Panikkar, and bass-baritone Christian Van Horn as they make their UMS debuts this weekend. ANN ARBOR SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Arie Lipsky / Music Director of the Ann Arbor Symphony Orchestra Mary Steffek Blaske / Executive Director James Lancioni / Production Manager and Librarian Erin Casler / Production Coordinator Violin I Kathryn Votapek* Aaron Berofsky Concertmaster Chair Jennifer Berg Jennifer Berg Violin Chair John Bian Straka-Funk Violin Chair Honoring Kathryn Votapek David Ormai Ruth Merigian and Albert A. Adams Chair Alena Carter Linda Etter Violin Chair Mallory Tabb Froehlich Family Violin Chair Bram Margoles Zachary Ragent Violin II Barbara Sturgis-Everett* Gates & Rudisill Endowed Principal Second Violin Chair David Lamse Sarah and Jack Adelson Violin Chair Katie Rowan Kim, Darlene, and Taylor Eagle Violin Chair Daniel Stachyra Brian K. Etter Memorial Violin Chair Sharon Meyers-Bourland Doubleday Family Violin Chair Anne Ogren Jenny Wan Jecoliah Wang Viola Evgeny Gorobtsov* Tim and Leah Adams Principal Viola Chair Jacqueline Hanson Vincent Family Charitable Fund Viola Chair Yury Ozhegov Barbara Zmich-McClellan Cello Sarah Cleveland* Sundelson Endowed Principal Cello Chair Daniel Thomas Rachel and Arie Lipsky Cello Chair Andrea Yun Rita and James H. White Cello Chair Bass Gregg Emerson Powell* Robert Rohwer A2SO Board Emerita Chair Oboe Timothy Michling* Gilbert Omenn Endowed Principal Oboe Chair Kristin Reynolds Bill and Jan Maxbauer Oboe Chair Liz Spector Callahan Bassoon Christian Green* E. Daniel Long Principal Bassoon Chair Joseph Swift William and Betty Knapp Section Bassoon 
Chair Susan Nelson Trumpet Eriko Fujita* Ben Thauland Lisa Marie Tubbs Trumpet Chair Timpani James Lancioni* A. Michael and Remedios Montalbo Young Principal 
Timpani Chair * denotes principal position UMS CHORAL UNION Scott Hanoian / Conductor and Music Director Shohei Kobayashi / Assistant Conductor Jean Schneider and Scott VanOrnum / Accompanists Kathleen Operhall / Chorus Manager Nancy Heaton / Librarian Soprano Audra Anderson Hedvig Bille Andersson Elizabeth Baldner Jamie Bott * Debra Joy Brabenec ** Ann Burke **** Anne Busch Anne Cain-Nielsen Carol Callan * Susan F. Campbell **** Cheryl D. Clarkson ** Barbara Clayton Katy Covington Marie Ankenbruck Davis ** Carrie Deierlein Kristina Eden Susannah Engdahl Jennifer Lynn Freese * Marie Gatien-Catalano Ð SC Cindy Glovinsky Anna Golitzin Keiko Goto * Paige Graham Molly Hampsey Meredith Hanoian Alaina Headrick Jenny Hebert Suzanne Hopkins Emily Jennings Chloe Keast Jessica C. B. King Claire Krupp Rachel Krupp Carly LaForest Allison Lamanna Anna Lemler Kate Markey Margaret McKinney Carole McNamara *
Jayme Mester Armaity Minwalla Katie Mysliwiec Elizabeth Naida * Margaret Dearden Petersen ** Sara J. Peth **** Julie Pierce * Grace Potter Renee Roederer Amy Schepers Mary Schieve ** Joy C. Schultz Elizabeth Starr ** Jennifer Stevenson * Sue Ellen Straub *** Petra Vande Zande Ariel Wan Margie Warrick *** Barbara J. Weathers * Maureen White-Goeman Mary Wigton Ð SL ** Linda Wills Alto Paula Allison-England ** Carol Barnhart * Sandra Bosch Margy Boshoven Lauren Boyles-Brewitt Shannon Cahalan Lora Perry Campredon Jean Cares Cheong-Hee Chang Melissa Doyle * Jessica Dudek Jane Forman Judi Lempert Green Johanna Grum Kat Hagedorn * Carol Kraemer Hohnke ** Kate Hughey Caitlin Hult Melissa Evans Itsell Samantha Kao Katherine Klykylo *** Jean Leverich ** Cynthia Lunan ** Milisa Manojlovich Beth McNally Ð SC * Marilyn Meeker Ð SL *** Anne Messer Carol Milstein ** Jill Monash Danielle Mukamal Lisa Murray * Kathleen Operhall ** Hanna M. Reincke Ruth Senter Cindy Shindledecker * Susan Sinta * Hanna Song * Katherine Spindler * Gayle Beck Stevens ** Paula Strenski Ruth A. Theobald ** Alexa Thomas Cheryl Utiger ** Alice VanWambeke * Cynthia Weaver Mary Beth Westin * Karen Woollams ** Sue Wortman Tenor Michael Ansara Jr. Gary Banks Ð SC * Adam Bednarek Parinya Chucherdwatanasak John R. Diehl Fr. Timothy J. Dombrowski **** Steven Fudge Ð SL ** Richard S. Gibson Carl Gies * Arthur Gulick ** Benjamin Johnson Marius Jooste * Bob Klaffke ** Shohei Kobayashi Danny Luan John Meluso Christopher Miller Nic Mishler Anthony Parham Sr. Andrew Ridder Thomas Shaw Ray Shuster Asa Smith Carl Smith *** Robert J. Stevenson * Jerome Thiebaut Maxwell Trombley Trevor Young Bass Sam Baetzel Ð SL * William H. Baxter ** Joel Beam Daniel Bizer-Cox William Boggs Ð SC Charles A. Burch Kyle Cozad George Dentel * John Dryden *** Robert Edgar Jeffrey Ellison Mark Alan Ely Daniel Enos Allen Finkel Greg Fleming Robert R. Florka Philip Gorman ** Jorge Iigues-Lluhi Joseph S. Kosh Sunho Lee Rick Litow Tom Litow Roderick L. Little * Andrea Lupini Joseph D. McCadden *** James B. McCarthy Jim McMurtrie James C. Rhodenhiser * Ian Roederer Matthew Rouhana David Sibbold Thomas Sommerfeld William Stevenson * David Townsend Scott Venman James Watz Ryan Wawrzaszek *Each asterisk next to a name represents one decade of membership in the Choral Union SL Ð Section Leader SC Ð Section Coach THIS WEEKENDÕS VICTORS FOR UMS: Carl and Isabelle Brauer Endowment Fund Ñ Richard and Norma Sarns Supporters of this weekendÕs performances of HandelÕs Messiah. MAY WE ALSO RECOMMEND... 12/8    Bach Collegium Japan 1/6    WhatÕs in a Song with Martin Katz 3/13    Tenebrae Tickets available at www.ums.org. ON THE EDUCATION HORIZON... 1/4    Voice Master Classes: WhatÕs In a Song?     (Moore Building, 1100 Baits Drive)     Please see ums.org for detailed times and locations. 1/12    Post-Performance Q&A: Urban Bush Women     (Power Center, 121 Fletcher Street)     Must have a ticket to the performance to attend. 1/13    You Can Dance: Urban Bush Women     (Ann Arbor Y, 400 W. Washington Street, 1:30 pm) 1/14    Pre-Performance Talk with Professor Steven Whiting:
St. Lawrence String Quartet     (Earl Lewis Room, Third Floor, Rackham Graduate School, 
915 E. Washington Street, 2:00 pm) Educational events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.

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