Tenebrae Nigel Short
Artistic Director and Conductor U-M Chamber Choir Jerry Blackstone / Director Tuesday Evening, March 13, 2018 at 7:30 St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church Ann Arbor 70th Performance of the 139th Annual Season
Choral Music Series In consideration of the artists and the audience, please refrain from the use of electronic devices during the performance. The photography, sound recording, or videotaping of this performance is prohibited. PROGRAM Owain Park Footsteps U-M Chamber Choir Joby Talbot Path of Miracles Roncesvalles Burgos Len Santiago Please withhold your applause until the end of all four movements. This eveningÕs program is approximately 90 minutes in duration and is performed without intermission. Tenebrae entered the musical landscape 15 years ago as a choir deeply committed to presentation, as a complement to its unmistakable sound: the varied use of light, both natural and artificial, and the imaginative orientation of singers within a variety of sacred spaces have become hallmarks of the Tenebrae philosophy. It is appropriate therefore, as the choir reaches this notable landmark, that they should return to the piece that most profoundly encapsulated this philosophy in the groupÕs early days Ñ with fresh eyes, ideas, and voices Ñ and pair it with the music of a composer who will unquestionably help to define the sound of British choral music over the next 15 years. Joby TalbotÕs modern masterpiece, Path of Miracles, first performed in the traumatic aftermath of the July 7, 2005 London terrorist bombings which forced the cancellation of the originally scheduled premiere, is here paired with Owain ParkÕs newly commissioned Footsteps. FOOTSTEPS (2017)
Born 1993 in Bristol, United Kingdom FootstepsÊcycles the seasons through the eyes of a lonely traveler who is constantly being moved on before being allowed to settle, finding comfort only in the sky and stars above.Ê The narrative ofÊFootsteps is a fusion of texts by eight different authors, five of whom contribute to the introduction of the work.ÊOn LeavingÊby Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda is a sonnet reflecting on the authorÕs move from Cuba to Spain. ÒSea PearlÓ could be describing the authorÕs homeland, but here, when fused with Òthe wandererÕs guiding starÓ (E.ÊBront), such a phrase alludes to the moon. The work opens with rising and falling elongated phrases in the upper parts of the semi-chorus, being imitated in the main choir creating an initially sparse, meandering texture which gradually builds, expectant of what is to come.Ê Following the introduction, the main choir enters with energetic statements in the upper voices, proclaiming ÒI praise the disk of the rising sunÓ whilst the lower voices announce in a chorale-like declaration ÒWhere every bird is bold to goÓ (E. Dickinson). Gradually the upper voice movement subsides, making way for the alto solo ÒTime to leave, the eager crew to wrench me from my earthÓ which is then imitated in the semi-chorus, surrounded by sirening sopranos and underpinned by a drone in the lower voices. The semi-chorus now takes over and leads us intoÊautumn. The traveler is disturbed by the wind (which we will hear later reflected in the piece by the fallen cherry blossoms), being alone and exposed to the elements. We are wrenched out of this gentle lull by a miniature fugue inspired by William Walton, which sets the first verse of Thomas HardyÕs poemÊThe YearÕsÊAwakening. References to the Òpilgrim trackÓ and Òbelting zodiacÓ charge us forward with driving momentum, yet this seemingly set course is quickly undone as single-pitch repeating rhythms begin to pervade the texture, around which three-part harmonies weave. These harmonies head downwards residing on a mixed major-minor chord, reminiscent of the sound world of Path of Miracles, as Gabriel Crouch notes, Òthe insistent discords of the second movement reflect...the hardships of the road.Ó A questioning lone countertenor concludes this section with an unresolved melody and the semi-chorus bids ÒFarewellÓ toÊautumnÊwith a wistful, yearning interjection. The melody of the next section is dominated by the tri-tone, the devilÕs interval, as the wind once again returns. This angular melody builds from the low basses upwards, the gusts of wind being captured by flowing quaver phrases and unsettled diminished fifth harmonies, which only finally resolve on the word Òmidnight.Ó As the moonlight shines on St. PaulÕs, we hear echoes of the opening melody of the work, the leaping seventh prominent alongside distant non-harmony notes. A bass soloist intrudes on this reverie with a second exclamation of ÒTime to leave,Ó which is again imitated by the semi-chorus. However, no sooner has this repeated section begun than the music takes a different path and turns inwards, retreating to an intimate and delicate sound-world for ÒThe cherry blossoms.Ó Tinged with sadness, descending chords in the main choir are refuted by a soaring soprano soloist, who concludes this section with her own rendition of the main theme. ÒHoly pathsÓ pays homage to JohnÊTavenerÕsÊThe Veil of the TempleÊin its scale, scope, and unrelenting praise for the divine. A little of his language is featured in the climax of this section, as parallel chords withÊscalicÊmelodies form the bedrock around which quavers flow in contrary motion. Unworldly harmonies for Òceilings of diamondsÓ lead into the recapitulation, where the Òpearl bowersÓ transform to the Òsea pearl.Ó As the opening ideas return we recognize that all is not as it was, with clustered harmonies suggesting that our traveler has been through changing weathers and he, himself, has changed. Unresolved dominant sevenths underpin the final phrases as the work draws to a close, and we are left with the image of the travelerÕs footsteps ever-continuing. Ê Program note by Owain Park. TEXTS
Sea pearl1 The wandererÕs guiding star2 The stars come nightly to the sky; The tidal wave unto the sea.3 They did not dare to tread so soon about, Though trembling, in the footsteps of the sun.4 SUMMER I praise the disk of the rising sun5 Where every bird is bold to go, And bees abashless play, The foreigner before he knocks Must thrust the tears away.6 Time to leave. The eager crew, to wrench me from my earth, hoists sails, and ready winds rush from your fiery ground.7 AUTUMN There has been no change but I am no longer young. Autumn wind blows and I am disturbed as before.8 How do you know that the pilgrim track Along the belting zodiac Swept by the sun in his seeming rounds Is traced by now to the FishesÕ bounds And into the Ram, when weeks of cloud Have wrapt the sky in a clammy shroud, And never as yet a tinct of spring Has shown in the EarthÕs appareling; O vespering bird, how do you know, How do you know?9 Fare well, my happy land, my Eden. Wherever angry chance may force my path your sweet name will soothe my ear.10 WINTER The wind is cold. Leaves one by one are cleared from the night sky. The moon bares the garden.11 Midnight. I hear the moon Light chiming on St PaulÕs.12 Time to leave. The huge sail crackles, the anchor lifts, the anxious ship cuts the waves and flies in silence.13 SPRING The cherry blossoms have lost their fragrance. You should have come before the wind.14 And when our bottles and all we Are fillÕd with immortality, Then the holy paths weÕll travel, StrewÕd with rubies thick as gravel, Ceilings of diamonds, sapphire floors, High walls of coral, and pearl bowers.15 Sea pearl16 The wandererÕs guiding star17 The stars come nightly to the sky; The tidal wave unto the sea.18 They did not dare to tread so soon about, Though trembling, in the footsteps of the sun.19 Text Notes 1. On Leaving, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda. Translated from Spanish by Frederick Sweet. 2. The Visionary, Emily Bront. 3. Waiting, John Burroughs. 4. A Sea-Side Walk, Elizabeth Barrett Browning. 5. The Sun Ð Sanskrit Poetry, compiled approx. 1100 AD by a Buddhist scholar, Vidyakara, who drew his material from a large library in the monastery of Jagadda. 6. Part Four: Time and Eternity, Emily Dickinson. 7. On Leaving, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda. Translated from Spanish by Frederick Sweet. 8. Shinkokinsh., Princess Shikishi, d.1201. Translated from Japanese by Hiroaki Sato. 9. The YearÕs Awakening, Thomas Hardy. 10. On Leaving, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda. Translated from Spanish by Frederick Sweet. 11. Shinkokinsh., Princess Shikishi, d.1201. Translated from Japanese by Hiroaki Sato. 12. The Night City, W. S. Graham. 13. On Leaving, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda. Translated from Spanish by Frederick Sweet. 14. Shinkokinsh., Princess Shikishi, d.1201. Translated from Japanese by Hiroaki Sato. 15. Pilgrimage, Sir Walter Raleigh. 16. On Leaving, Gertrudis Gomez de Avellaneda. Translated from Spanish by Frederick Sweet. 17. The Visionary, Emily Bront. 18. Waiting, John Burroughs. 19. A Sea-Side Walk, Elizabeth Barrett Browning. PATH OF MIRACLES (2005) Joby Talbot
Born August 25, 1971 in Wimbledon, London, United Kingdom The worldÕs most enduring route of Catholic pilgrimage was first formally acknowledged as such by Bishop Diego Gelmirez in the early 12th century, but it has always belonged to a wider fellowship even than the Catholic church. Long before the body of St. James was discovered in Iria Flavia in the early ninth century, and brought to its final resting place in Santiago; before the Saint even began his life of service, first as an apostle, and later as a preacher in Spain, the ÒCamino FrancesÓ was under construction. Part of the route still runs along the sturdy Roman roads which were used to subdue and colonize northern Iberia. To the pre-Christians, this road followed the path of the Milky Way, and took its travelers to the end of the earth. Centuries later, it was used by the Moors to reach SpainÕs northern outposts, only to be pushed back along it by Charlemagne, and served as an arterial route for the establishment of the Roman Rite and the purging of its Hispanic predecessor. Today it is used by tourists, travelers, and explorers, as well as by confirmed Catholics and the spiritually curious. The musical traditions of the Pilgrimage can be traced to the mid-12th century, when a compilation of texts attributed to Pope Calixtus II was created, all devoted to the cult of St. James. This so-called Codex Calixtinus was specifically designed to serve the needs of worshippers and pilgrims in Santiago, and consisted of five books. The first volume contains liturgical settings, including those for the two feast days devoted to St. James: the Feast of the Passion of St. James on the 25th of July, and the Feast of Translation of the ApostleÕs remains on the 30th of December. The second and third volumes describe the 22 miracles of St. James and the journey of the SaintÕs body to Santiago. Book Four recounts CharlemagneÕs defeat of the Moors in Spain, and the final volume leads the would-be pilgrim through the routes, dangers, and customs of the pilgrimage. Of comparable importance to all this is an appendix which contains music composed using a technique which was just beginning to gain a foothold in certain parts of Europe at this time. Notwithstanding the fact that it rarely uses more than two voices, this is a highly significant collection of polyphony. And here, within this final section of the Codex, can be found the most famous of Jacobean chants Ñ the Dum Pater Familias. It is this hymn which establishes the universality of the cult of St. James, interspersing Latin verses in praise of the Saint with a multilingual refrain representing the many languages heard on the road to his shrine: Herr Santiagu, Grot Santiagu, Eultreya esuseya, Deius aia nos. The ÒCamino FrancesÓ is the central axis of a network of pilgrimage routes to Santiago. Its travelers gather in Roncesvalles, a small town at the foot of the Pyrenees which in the spring becomes a veritable Babel as pilgrims from across the world assemble, before setting off in a southwesterly direction. The pilgrims carry a special passport Ñ often this is one of the only possessions not discarded on the journey Ñ and engage in the 850-year-old tradition of following the yellow arrows and seeking out the images of shells placed over pilgrim-friendly boarding houses. On the way, they stop off at any of a large number of shrines, most important among which are the cathedrals of Burgos and Leon, and at the foot of an iron cross near Astorga they may cast a stone from their homeland. The road takes them across the desert lands between Burgos and Leon and the rainy, hilly terrain of Galicia: and as the landscape transforms, so does the pilgrim. A pilgrim writes: You have left behind the life you lived before... Dates become meaningless; a day is merely the passing of the sun from one hand to the other, from behind you to in front... Then you slough off your worries. There is only one thing to worry about now and that is whether you and your feet will last the day. (Andrea Kirby, 1996) Somewhere between 50 and 200 thousand people arrive at the gates of SantiagoÕs Cathedral each year, at least 80 percent of them on foot. A good number of these continue on to Capo di Finisterre, a further 85 kilometers to the west, to reach what Europeans pre-Columbus considered to be the end of all westward journeys. An item of clothing is placed on a beach-fire to symbolize the old life left behind. The four movements of Path of Miracles are titled with the names of the four main staging posts of the Camino Frances, though the textual themes within the movements extend beyond the mere geographical. Throughout the work, quotations from various medieval texts (principally the Codex Calixtinus and a 15th-century work in the Galician language Ñ Miragres de Santiago) are woven together with passages from the Roman liturgy, and lines of poetry from Robert Dickinson, the workÕs librettist. Talbot introduces his work with a vocal effect based on the Bunun aboriginal ÒPasiputputÓ from Taiwan, in which low voices rise in volume and pitch over an extended period, creating random overtones as the voices move into different pitches at fluctuating rates. After a dramatic exclamation of the pilgrimÕs hymn from Dum Pater Familias, the beheading of St. James by the sword of King Herod is briefly described in Greek, Latin, Spanish, Basque, French, English, and German, initially sung by a lone countertenor rising above the choirÕs sustained chord clusters. An account of the discovery of the SaintÕs body in Compostella follows, some 800 years after his death in Jerusalem and the subsequent translation of his body on a rudderless boat made of stone. The insistent discords of the second movement reflect both the hardships of the road, keenly felt by this time after some initial euphoria in Roncesvalles, and the composerÕs own sense of discomfort on visiting Burgos. The music trudges uneasily through this most awkward part of the journey, stopping regularly to recover breath and ease feet. There are stern warnings of human mischief and inhuman devilry, interspersed with musings on the mystical nature of the SaintÕs translation. Robbery, lynching, and illness are the least of a pilgrimÕs problems; for just as the Saint can take the form of a pilgrim, so can the devil himself take the form of a Saint. As the laments and the warnings subside, the movement concludes with a line from Psalm 61, delivered in desolate, motionless tones from the lower voices: ÒA finibus terrae ad te clamaviÓ (From the end of the earth I cry to you). Joby Talbot describes the third movement as a ÒLux AeternaÓ; and like the interior of the magnificent Cathedral of Leon, it is bathed in light. The journey is more than half complete, the pain barrier has been crossed, and the pilgrimÕs worries have indeed been sloughed off. A medieval French refrain, an ode to the sun in the key of c minor, punctuates simple observations of land traversed and hardships overcome. As with the previous movement, there is a steady, almost hypnotic walking pulse, but the steps have lost their heaviness. By the end of the movement the verses have arrived in the relative major, fused with the refrain which retains its original key. Mystical events are again spoken of, but this time with no sense of danger. Even the relentless sun, though it may dazzle, does not burn.
Meanwhile in Galicia the temperature cools, the altitude rises, and the rain falls. Towns pass by like shadows as the road seems to climb and climb, though LeonÕs contented mood lingers. There seems no doubt that the journey will end, and at the first sight of Santiago, miles down from the summit of Monte de Gozo, the music initially draws inward, before bursting out in an explosion of joy. The pilgrimÕs hymn is heard again, performed with the reverence and reflection of one who has finished such a long journey, and is quickly transformed into a spring revel from the Carmina Burana. Path of Miracles, like so many pilgrimages, does not finish in Santiago. The journey to Finisterre, to Òwhere the walls of heaven are thin as a curtainÓ has a reflective, epilogic tone, a benign hangover from the party in Santiago. Here the pilgrimÕs hymn is heard for a final time, now in English, endlessly repeating and disappearing over the horizon. Program note by Gabriel Crouch. Photo (next spread): Tenebrae; photographer: Chris OÕDonovan. TEXTS 1. Roncesvalles Herr Santiagu Grot Sanctiagu Eultreya esuseya Deius aia nos. Eodem autore tempore misit Herodes rex manus ut adfligeret quosdam de ecclesia occidit autem Iacobum fratrem Iohannis gladio. En aquel mismo tiempo el rey Herodes ech mano a algunos de la iglesia para maltratarles. Y mat a espada a Jacobo, hermano de Juan. Aldi hartan, Herodes erregea eliz elkarteko batzuei gogor erasotzen hasi zen. Santiago, Joanen anaia, ezpataz hilarazi zuen. Ver ce temps-l, le roi Hrode se mit perscuter quelques-un de membres de lÕglise. Il fit mourir par lÕpe Jacques, frre de Jean. Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church. And he killed James, the brother of John with the sword. Um dieselbige Zeit legte der Knig Herodes die Hnde an, etliche von der Gemeinde, sie zu peinigen. Er ttete aber Jakobus, den Bruder des Johannes, mit dem Schwert. Before this death the Apostle journeyed, preaching the word to unbelievers. Returning, unheeded,. to die in Jerusalem Ð a truth beyond Gospel. Jacobus, filius Zebedaei, frate Johannis, Hic Spaniae et occidentalia loca praedicat,1 foy el o primeiro que preegou en Galizia2 Herod rots on a borrowed throne,. while the saint is translated. to Heaven and Spain,. the body taken at night from the tomb, the stone of the tomb becoming the boat that carries him back ad extremis terrarum, back to the land that denied him in life. Huius beatissimi apostoli. sacra ossa ad Hispanias translata;3 Et despois que o rrey Erodes mdou matar en Iherusalem, trouxer o corpo del os diipolos por mar a Galiza4 From Jerusalem to Finisterre, from the heart of the world to the end of the land.in a boat made of stone, without rudder or sail. Guided by grace to the Galician shore. abandonnant la Providence la soin de la sepulture,5 O ajutor omnium seculorum, O decus apostollorum,. O lus clara galicianorum, O avocate peregrinorum, Jacobe, suplantatur viciorum Solve nostrum Cathenes delitorum. E duc a salutum portum. O judge of all the world,. O glory of the apostles,. O clear light of Galicia,. O defender of pilgrims,. James, destroyer of sins,. deliver us from evil and lead us to safe harbor. At night on Lebredon by Iria Flavia. the hermit Pelayo. at prayer and alone saw in the heavens a ring of bright stars shining like beacons over the plain and as in Bethlehem the Magi were guided the hermit was led by this holy sign for this was the time given to Spain. for St. James to be found after eight hundred years in Compostella, by the field of stars. Herr Santiagu Grot Sanctiagu Eultreya esuseya Deius aia nos. 2. Burgos Innkeepers cheat us, the English steal,. The devil waits at the side of the road.. We trust in words and remnants, prayers and bones. We know that the world is a lesson. As the carved apostles in the Puerta Alta Dividing the damned and the saved are a lesson. We beat our hands against the walls of heaven. St. Julian of Cuenca, Santa Casilda, pray for us. Remember the pilgrim robbed in Pamplona, Cheated of silver the night his wife died; Remember the son of the German pilgrim Hanged as a thief at the gates of the town, Hanged at the word of an innkeeperÕs daughter. Innkeepers cheat us, the English steal,. The devil waits at the side of the road.. We trust in words and remnants, prayers and bones. Santiago Peregrino: His arm is in England, his jaw in Italy And yet he works wonders.. The widower, the boy on the gallows Ñ He did not fail them. One given a horse on the road by a stranger, One kept alive for 26 days, Unhurt on a gallows for 26 days. His jaw is in Italy, yet he speaks.. The widower robbed in Pamplona:. Told by the Saint how the thief. Fell from the roof of a house to his death. His arm is in England, yet the boy,. The pilgrimÕs son they hanged in Toulouse Was borne on the gallows for 26 days And called to his father: Do not mourn,. For all this time the Saint has been with me. O beate Jacobe. Innkeepers cheat us, the English steal. We are sick of body, worthy of hell. The apostles in the Puerta Alta. Have seen a thousand wonders;. The stone floor is worn with tears,. With ecstasies and lamentations.. We beat our hands against the walls of heaven. Santiago Peregrino: The devil waits in a turn in the wind In a closing door in an empty room. A voice at night, a waking dream. Traveler, be wary of strangers,. Sometimes the Saint takes the form of a pilgrim, Sometimes the devil the form of a saint. Pray to the Saints and the Virgen del Camino, To save you as she saved the man from Lyon Who was tricked on the road by the deceiver, Tricked by the devil in the form of St. James And who killed himself from fear of hell; The devil cried out and claimed his soul. Weeping, his companions prayed.. Saint and Virgin heard the prayer. And turned his wound into a scar, From mercy they gave the dead man life. Innkeepers cheat us, the English steal,. We are sick of body, worthy of hell.. We beat our hands against the walls of heaven And are not heard.. We pray for miracles and are given stories; Bread, and are given stones.. We write our sins on parchment. To cast upon his shrine. In hope they will burn. We pray to St. Julian of Cuenca,. To St. Amaro the Pilgrim,. To Santa Casilda,. To San Millan and the Virgin of the Road. We pray to Santiago. We know that the world is a lesson. As the carved apostles in the Puerta Alta Dividing the damned and the saved are a lesson. We pray the watching saints will help us learn. Ora pro nobis, Jacobe,. A finibus terrae ad te clamavi.6 3. Leon Li soleus qui en moi luist est mes deduis, Et Dieus est mon conduis.7 We have walked In Jakobsland: Over river and sheep track, By hospice and hermitÕs cave. We sleep on the earth and dream of the road, We wake to the road and we walk. Wind from the hills Dry as the road, Sun overhead,. Too bright for the eye. Li soleus qui en moi luist est mes deduis, Et Dieus est mon conduis.8 Rumors of grace on the road, Of wonders: The miracles of Villasirga, The Virgin in the apple tree. The Apostle on horseback Ñ. A journey of days in one night. God knows we have walked In Jakobsland: Through the Gothic Fields, From Castrogeriz to Calzadilla, Calzadilla to Sahagun,. Each day the same road, the same sun. Quam dilecta tabernacula tua, Dominum virtutem.9 Here is a miracle. That we are here is a miracle. Here daylight gives an image of The heaven promised by His love. Beate, qui habitant in domo tua, Domine; In saecula saeculorum laudabant te.10 We pause, as at the heart of a sun That dazzles and does not burn. 4. Santiago The road climbs through changing land.. Northern rains fall. On the deepening green of the slopes of the valley, Storms break the summerÕs heat;. At Foncebadon a pass can be lost,. In one night, to the snow. The road climbs for days through the highlands of Bierzo,. to the grassland and rocks. of the Valcarce valley. White broom and scrub-oak, Laburnum and gorse. Mark the bare hills. Beside the road. At O Cebreiro, mountains.. The road follows the ridgetop. By meadows of fern, by fields of rye. By Fonfria del Camino, by Triacastela. Towns are shadows. The road leaves behind.. It moves over the slate hills Palas do Rei. Potomarin. The names are shadows. Then, from the stream at Lavacolla To the foot of Monte de Gozo,. A morning;. From the foot of Monte de Gozo To the summit of Monte de Gozo The road climbs,. Before the longed-for final descent To Santiago. Herr Santiagu Grot Sanctiagu Eultreya esuseya Deius aia nos. Ver redit optatum Cum gaudio, Flore decoratum Purpureo; Aves edunt cantus Quam dulciter, Cantus est amoenus Totaliter.11 Jacobo dat parium Omnis mundus gratis Ob cuius remedium Miles pietatis Cunctorum presidium Est ad vota satis.12 O beate Jacobe Virtus nostra vere Nobis hostes remove Tuos ac tuere. Ac devotos adibe Nos tibi placere.13 Jacobo propicio Veniam speramus. Et quas ex obsequio Merito debemus. Patri tam eximio Dignes laudes demus14 At the Western edge of the world. We pray for our sins to fall from us. As chains from the limbs of penitents. We have walked out of the lives we had. And will return to nothing, if we live, Changed by the journey, face and soul alike. We have walked out of our lives. To come to where the walls of heaven. Are thin as a curtain, transparent as glass, Where the Apostle spoke the holy words,. Where in death he returned, where God is close, Where saints and martyrs mark the road. Santiago, primus ex apostolis,. Defender of pilgrims, warrior for truth,. Take from our backs the burdens of this life, What we have done, who we have been; Take them as fire takes the cloth. They cast into the sea at Finisterre. Holy St. James, great St. James, God help us now and evermore. Libretto by Robert Dickinson. Text Notes 1. James, son of Zebedee, brother of John, at that time preached in Spain and the western places. (Breviarium apostolorum, eighth century) . 2. He was the first to preach in Galicia. (Miragres de Santiago, 15th century [Gallegan]) . 3. The sacred bones of the blessed apostle taken to Spain. (Floro, eighth century) . 4. After King Herod killed him in Jerusalem, his disciples took the body by sea to Galicia. (Miragres de Santiago) . 5. Abandoning to Providence the care of the tomb. (Legenda [Fr]). 6. From the end of the earth I cry to you. (Psalm 61) 7. The sun that shines within me is my joy, and God is my guide. (Anon, 13th century) . 8. The sun that shines within me is my joy, and God is my guide. (Anon, 13th century) 9. How admirable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of Hosts. (Psalm 84) 10. Blessed are they that dwell in thy house; they will still be praising be. (Ibid.). 11. Longed-for spring returns, with joy, adorned with shining flowers. The birds sing so sweetly, the woods burst into leaf, there is pleasant song on every side. (Carmina Burana) 12. The whole world freely gives thanks to James; through his sacrifice, he, the warrior of godliness, is a great defense to all through their prayers. (Dum Pater Familias) 13. O blessed James, truly our strength, take our enemies from us and protect your people, and cause us, your faithful servants, to please you. 14. James, let us hope for pardon through your favor, and let us give the worthy praise, which we rightfully owe to so excellent a father.
Path of Miracles was premiered at the City of London Festival in July 2005, performed by Tenebrae, conducted by Nigel Short, and directed by Ceri Sherlock. Tenebrae would very much like to register its lasting gratitude to the late Barbara Pollock for the commission of Path of Miracles, and Leroy and Fran Harvey for all their assistance at the time. ARTISTS Described as ÒphenomenalÓ (The Times) and Òdevastatingly beautifulÓ (Gramophone Magazine), award-winning choir Tenebrae, under the direction of Nigel Short, is one of the worldÕs leading vocal ensembles renowned for its passion and precision. TenebraeÕs ever-increasing discography has brought about collaborations with Signum, Decca Classics, Deutsche Grammophon, EMI Classics, LSO Live, and Warner Classics. In 2012 Tenebrae was the first-ever ensemble to be multi-nominated in the same category for the BBC Music Magazine Awards, securing the accolade of ÒBest Choral PerformanceÓ for its recording of VictoriaÕs Requiem Mass, 1605. The following year the choirÕs recording of FaurÕs Requiem with the London Symphony Orchestra was nominated for the Gramophone Awards, having been described as Òthe very best Faur Requiem on discÓ and Òthe English choral tradition at its zenithÓ (Richard Morrisson, chief music critic, The Times). In 2014 the choirÕs recording of Russian Orthodox music was launched on its own label, Bene Arte, receiving glowing reviews and reaching number one in the UK Specialist Classical Chart. In 2016 Tenebrae received its second BBC Music Magazine Award for a recording of Brahms and Bruckner motets, of which the profits from the sale benefit Macmillan Cancer Support. In order to mark TenebraeÕs 15th anniversary in 2016Ð17, the choir re-released its first major commission by Joby Talbot, Path of Miracles, alongside a new work by rising composer Owain Park. Music of the Spheres, TenebraeÕs album of part songs from the British Isles, received a Grammy nomination for ÒBest Choral PerformanceÓ in 2018. Tenebrae is a dedicated advocate for contemporary composers, having worked with Judith Bingham, Alexander Levine, Pawe. .ukaszewski, Paul Mealor, Hilary Tann, Sir John Tavener, and Will Todd, in addition to recent releases featuring music by Ola Gjeilo and Alexander LÕEstrange. The choir is renowned for its highly acclaimed interpretations of choral music with repertoire ranging from hauntingly passionate works of the Renaissance through to contemporary choral masterpieces. Tenebrae is regularly engaged with the worldÕs finest orchestras and has appeared at major national and international festivals and venues including the BBC Proms, Edinburgh International Festival, Three Choirs Festival, Leipzig Gewandhaus (Germany), and Montreux Choral Festival (Switzerland). The current season sees the return of TenebraeÕs popular Holy Week Festival at St JohnÕs Smith Square, London, as well as concerts throughout the UK, Europe, US, and the choirÕs debut in Australia. Alongside concert performances, the choir presents its inspirational workshop method, The Tenebrae Effect, designed to challenge and advance every participant by instilling skills essential to a Tenebrae performance. ÒPassion and PrecisionÓ are TenebraeÕs core values. Through its continued dedication to performance of the highest quality, TenebraeÕs vision is to deliver dramatic programming, flawless performances, and unforgettable experiences, allowing audiences around the world to be moved by the power and intimacy of the human voice. For more information, please visit
www.tenebrae-choir.com. Award-winning conductor Nigel Short has built up an enviable reputation for his recording and live performance work with leading orchestras and ensembles across the world. A singer of great acclaim, Mr. Short was a member of the renowned vocal ensemble The KingÕs Singers from 1994Ð2000. Upon leaving the group he formed Tenebrae, a virtuosic choir that embraced his dedication for passion and precision. Under his direction, Tenebrae has collaborated with internationally acclaimed orchestras and instrumentalists and now enjoys a reputation as one of the worldÕs finest vocal ensembles. To date, Mr. Short has conducted the Academy of Ancient Music, Aurora Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, English Chamber Orchestra, English Concert, London Philharmonic Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, and the Scottish Ensemble. He has directed the London Symphony Orchestra alongside Tenebrae in a live recording of FaurÕs Requiem, which was nominated for the Gramophone Awards (2013), and since then, he has conducted the orchestra at St. PaulÕs Cathedral as part of the City of London Festival. Other orchestral recordings include MozartÕs Requiem and Ave Verum Corpus with the Chamber Orchestra of Europe and a new release of music by Bernstein, Stravinsky, and Zemlinsky with the BBC Symphony Orchestra described as a Òmaster stroke of programmingÓ (Financial Times). Mr. Short has vast recording experience having conducted for many of the worldÕs major labels including Decca Classics, Deutsche Grammophon, EMI Classics, LSO Live, Signum, and Warner Classics. In 2018, he received a Grammy nomination in the category of ÒBest Choral PerformanceÓ for TenebraeÕs album of part songs from the British Isles, Music of the Spheres. As a Gramophone Award-winning producer, Mr. Short works with many of the UKÕs leading professional choirs and vocal ensembles including Alamire, Ex Cathedra, Gallicantus, and The KingÕs Singers. The premier choral ensemble at the U-M School of Music, Theatre & Dance, the U-M Chamber Choir performs a wide variety of the most challenging repertoire, ranging from Renaissance to contemporary music. The ensemble is comprised of graduate and upper-level voice, choral music education, and conducting majors. In addition to its performances on campus, in July 2014 the Chamber Choir presented concerts in Brisbane, Australia and throughout New Zealand, where they were the featured choir at the National Conference of the New Zealand Choral Federation held in Hastings. In the US, the Chamber Choir has appeared with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra at Orchestra Hall under conductors Nicholas McGegan, David Lockington, and Helmuth Rilling, andÊat national and division conventions of the American Choral Directors Association. The Chamber Choir was honored to perform by special invitation at the 2006 inaugural conference of the National Collegiate Choral Organization, held in San Antonio, Texas. Grammy Award-winning conductor Jerry Blackstone (conductor, U-M Chamber Choir) is director of choirs and chair of the conducting department at the U-M School of Music, Theatre & Dance where he conducts the Chamber Choir, teaches conducting at the graduate level, and administers a choral program of 11 choirs. In February 2006, he received two Grammy Awards (ÒBest Choral PerformanceÓ and ÒBest Classical AlbumÓ) as chorusmaster for the critically acclaimed Naxos recording of William BolcomÕs monumental Songs of Innocence and of Experience. The recent Naxos recording of MilhaudÕs LÕOrestie dÕEschyle, on which Dr. Blackstone served as chorusmaster, was nominated for a 2015 Grammy Award (ÒBest Opera RecordingÓ). For significant contributions to choral music in the state of Michigan, he received the 2006 Maynard Klein Lifetime Achievement Award from the ACDA-Michigan chapter and, in 2017, the National Collegiate Choral Organization presented him with its prestigious Lifetime Membership Award. From 2003Ð2015, Dr. Blackstone served as conductor and music director of the UMS Choral Union, a large community/university chorus that frequently appears with the Detroit Symphony Orchestra (DSO) and the Ann Arbor Symphony. Dr. Blackstone is considered one of the countryÕs leading conducting teachers, and his students have been first place award winners and finalists in both the graduate and undergraduate divisions of ACDAÕs biennial National Choral Conducting Awards competition. TENEBRAE Nigel Short / Artistic Director and Conductor Soprano Fiona Fraser Eleanor Minney Emilia Morton Bethany Partridge Josephine Stephenson Alto Hannah Cooke Tom Lilburn Martha McLorinan Elisabeth Paul Tenor Jeremy Budd Nicholas Madden James Robinson Tom Robson Bass Gabriel Crouch Jimmy Holliday Stephen Kennedy Adrian Peacock Simon Whiteley U-M CHAMBER CHOIR Jerry Blackstone / Conductor Scott VanOrnum / Pianist Soprano Maya Ballester Hayley Boggs Hannah Clague Jennie Judd Catherine Moss Francesca Napolitano Suzanna Mathews Emily Cotten Madison Warren Jessica Allen Adrianna Tam Goitsemang Lehobye Sarah Inendino Alto Megan Wheeler Antona Yost Micaela Aldridge Emilia Butryn Elise Eden Bryce McClendon Anjani Briggs Eliana Barwinski Amber Carpenter Charlotte Politi Tenor Shohei Kobayashi Camron Gray Wesley Fields Brent Doucette Lucas Alvarado Thomas Burton Westley Montgomery Jim Renfer Yongmin Kim Zion Jackson Andrew Kohler Bass Jabarie Glass Stephen Wynn Andrew Schafer Michael Floriano Yazid Gray Kurt Clare Daniel Brottman Julian Goods Samuel Kidd Rgulo Stabilito Jotaro Nakano Edward Nunoo UMS ARCHIVES This eveningÕs performance marks TenebraeÕs second performance under UMS auspices, following the ensembleÕs UMS debut in October 2015 at St. Francis of Assisi Catholic Church. Nigel Short makes his third UMS appearance this evening, following his UMS debut as a member of The KingÕs Singers in October 1999 in Hill Auditorium. The U-M Chamber Choir makes its sixth UMS appearance this evening, following its UMS debut in October 1994 performing with the Martha Graham Dance Company as part of In the American Grain: The Martha Graham Centenary Festival at the Power Center, conducted by Theodore Morrison. The Choir most recently appeared under UMS auspices in February 2018 in The GershwinsÕ Porgy and Bess conducted by Kenneth Kiesler. Jerry Blackstone makes his 42nd UMS appearance this evening following his UMS debut in December 2003 at the Michigan Theater in performances of HandelÕs Messiah. MAY WE ALSO RECOMMEND... 4/15 ApolloÕs Fire: MonteverdiÕs LÕOrfeo 4/19Ð21 Cold Blood 4/22 Murray Perahia Tickets available at www.ums.org. ON THE EDUCATION HORIZON... 3/19 FRAME: A Salon Series on Visual Art, Performance, and Identity (202 S. Thayer Street Building, Atrium, 7:00 pm) 3/20 Imagining in the Archive: Artist Interview with Jillian Walker and Anita Gonzalez (202 S. Thayer Street Building, 4:00 pm) Part of the 2017Ð18 UMS Education and Community Engagement Research Residency 3/23 Tignon: Work-in-Progress Reading (Newman Studio, Walgreen Drama Center, 1226 Murfin Avenue, 4:00 pm) Part of the 2017Ð18 UMS Education and Community Engagement Research Residency Educational events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.