Department oe State, i Lansing-, July 8, 1888. [ The estímate herein made of the 1893 wheat erop is based on the number of acres in wheat in May as shown by the returns of supervisors, and the average yield per acre as shown by more than 1,200 estimates received from our regular erop correspondents and supervisors. The estimates of yield per acre have been made while the erop was yet all standing, and are of course subject to revisión. The area in wheat in Michigan this year, as shown by the returns of supervisors to this office, is 1,578,252 acres. Multiplying the acres in each county by the estimated yield per acre in the same county and footing the producís, gives 20,895,374 bushels as the probable total yield in the state. This is an average per acre of 13.09 bushels in the southern counties; 14.18 bushels in the central counties, and 12.63 bushels in the northern counties. The average for the state is 13.24 bushels. The total number of bushels of wheat reported marketed by farmers in June is 751,001. The total number of bushels reported marketed in the eleven months, August-June, is 13,760,490. This is 2,3O4,8i4bushels less than reported marketed in the same months last year. The unfavorable weather in May not only delayed corn planting but caused a reduction of acreage. The area planted in the southern counties is estimated at 94 per cent. in the central, 89 per cent, and in the northern, 99 per cent. of a full average. In condition the erop is from five to fourteen per cent. below an average, but in the southern counties it is 22 per cent. and in the central 15 per cent. better condition than one year ago. Oats are doing well. With favorable weather until harvest a nearly full average erop may be expected. Compared with an average there is a loss of froni two to three per cent. in the area planted to potatöes in the southern and central counties, and a gain of three per cent. in the northern counties. In condition the erop in the southern counties is 93 per cent., or 12 per cent. higher than on July 1, last year. In the central counties the condition is 87, and in the northern 92. Meadows and pastures, and clover sowed this year, are, in the southern and central counties, in fine condition. In the northern counties the weather has b'een less favorable, and the condition is from 20 to 26 per cent. below an average. Apples in the southern counties now promise about one-third, in the central two-fifths, and in the northern tvvo-thirds of an average erop. Since June 1, this erop has declined 22 per cent. in the southern and central counties, and 16 per cent. in the northern counties. Peaches promise in the southern counties and the state, 82 per cent. of an average erop. The figures for the central counties are 87. and for the northern, 74. Secretary of State.