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Beet Sugar Factory

Beet Sugar Factory image
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The business men and capitalists oí Ann Albor are waking up on the beet sugar questio. The large profits which ire being made by the factories iiow in operation are certainly temptiug, jut the best thiug about the project is that it makes a niarket exceedingly profitable to the farmers and keeps a vast amonnt of money in circulation where the beet sugar f actory is loeated., Iu fact no factory excels this ;n benefit to the city where located. Por not only is the amount of nioney speiit for abor spent here, bnt also tho money expended for material. The beet sugar fever at Bay City really amounts to a craze. Not ouly have two large factories been organized bnt Bay City capitalists have taken a large share of the stock in the Saginaw euterprise and the stock in this was all gobbled np before many who wanted shares conld eet them. A beet sngar lactory ueeos d,uuu acres of beeta to keep it running aud the raising of the beets iu Bay county has netted the farmers there over and above expenses froin $20 to $57 per acre. And a factory nsing up 3,000 acres of beets conld not manufacture enough sugar to snpply Washtenaw county. One large grocery firm in this city says they expeud from $7,000 to $8,000 for sugar each year and that another grocery firm buys a larger amonnt than this. This will give a faint idea of the large amount of money sent out of town each year for sugar all of which conld be saved here and spent and respent in the varions chaunels of trade. Prof. O. D. Smith, superintendent of the experiment station at the State Agricultural College, and who has been designated by the secretary of agriculture to look after the beet sugar industry in Michigan said in au address at Adrián this week: The market is in no immediate danger of being overstocked by the increased production of sugar. The Bay City factory is this year making a phenomenally long and successful run, yet it will scarcely prochice enough sugar for Saginaw and Bay couuties. The fact of the uulimited demand was au imnnrtiint oue to the farmer, as he was thus assured a good market for his produce. Another point worth remembering is tb at a factory alone canuot make sugar, but is dependeut almost entirely ou the iarmers for the raw material, thus iusuriug them a good market for their produce. Beets will do well ou any soil that will raise a good erop of corn and jotatoes except stiff clay aud heavy mnck. Ou stiff clay the beets grow crooked and branch out, reqniring too ruuch time to wasli them at the factory, thereby detracting f rom their value ; while ou muck they grow too large anc do uot yield a proper perceutage of sngar. Beets weighing from seven to eigbt ponuds each wlll yield about seven pounds of sugar to 100 pounds of beets, while those averaging about three ponnds- tlie proper size- shonld yield from 12 to 16 pounds per 100. ïu order to have a factory pay, the beets fnruislied must yield at least 12 per cent sugar. The grovmd shonld be veil worked before the seed is plauted, aud all weeds removed by means of a harrow. Care should be exeroised in procuring seed, the best of vhich is grown in Nebraska and Gerinany. Seeding shonld be done in the middle or latter part of May. When the tops are ftfnr inphea high tlicy must be thiuued out, so there will be but oue plant to every eight inches iu the row. Tbis is the ïardesc part of the work and great care nust be exercised, it taking oue persou from seveu to eight days to properly thiu an acre. ïhe speaker advistd hose %vho were looking for a soft snap to eteer clear of raising beets. The harvesting is done by the means of a machine with blades that go along beneath the snrface and loosen the beets .it'ter which they are pnlled np, the tops and all the beet exposed above ground beiug ent off and throwu away when the beets are ready tor transportatiou to the faotory. Care must be exercised in cuttiug off the tops of the beets as all the part exposed coiitains more or less salt which prevents the sngar from crystalizing. Oue great esseutial iu establishin;,' a factory is a sufflcieiit snpply of good water. ' Tlie factory at Bay City nses omethiug like 2,000,000 gallons per day. ïhere must be a suftieieut supply of limestoue and coal must be cheap because of the large amouut used. To be operated profitably, it wonld requirc abont 3,000 acres of beets yearly, and it would reqnire farmers who would stitk by the industry, and not become easily disconraged, in order to make the venture a suceess.