If the Vietnam War was the social upheaval that torced millions of liberáis to reexamine their outlook in the '60's, the most potentially powerful radicalizing force in the present decade may be the increasingly apparent manipulation of the so-called "democratie process" in the United States and all over the world - by the intelligence agencies, multinational corporations, and crime syndicates - institutions which opérate effectively outside any legal restraints and above the "consent of the governed." Through the breach opened by Vietnam and Watergate are pouring new indications of conspiracy and coverup in the domestic politica] assassinations of the past decade; further disclosures of the leading role of the CIA, the corporate giants, and the banks in waging covert political and economie warfare abroad; and a new awareness of the power of these agencies to program the mass consciousness and manipúlate the media. More and more Americans aro getting the squirmy feeling that they, in reality, have very little to say about it all. A 1973 Louis Harris poll reported that 88 per cent of Americans, when asked the question, "What do you tear most , replied the use of intelligence gencies by politicians to distort the electoral process." As Donald Freed, Jim Cookson, and Jel'f Cohén of-the Campaign tbr Democratie Freedoms nut it in a recent LA Free Press ele, "The need to know, what the Greeks called anake, has reached a kind of critical Tiass for the American people." The major information media, you will recall, were able to keep the lid on the grisly details of the US involvement in Vietnam, despite the existence of a mass protest movement, until Daniel Ellsberg defected and put the Pentagon Papers on the public record. In like manner, ,sá the media today, while reportine some of the raw information, are playing down its tous implications. The ces of increased public sciousness of the "invisible J I ment" With New York s Governor Hugh Carey considciing partía] amnesty for the 34 prisoners still facing charges stemming from tlie September 1971 rebellion at Attica prison, and a pon expcciea soon on eorrupuon witluí! the Attica prosecution, one state troopei luis finally been indic-# led for lüs role in the inassacre m thal le 1 1 43 dead. 62 inmates m were originally indictcd. and ' Km charges o!' selectivo MM tion liave heen llying ever since.fl Jomo Joka Omowale ( Filie M Thompson), the s' JK prisoner wlio won a hearing on ihc selective v prosee ution issue in New York Supremo Court, earlier this month agreed & te accept a % gnilty plea to v ercion" in return for the dropping of 41 otlier felony s 'g counts against him -- and the ' end of tlie liearing. During the , one-day liearing, National Guardsmen and ex-prisoners testified thai the prosecutors refused to investígate theii accusations bif atrocities against prisoners by state troopeis and prison guards. Governor Carey has already announced his intention to "edit" the Meyer report on corruption in the prosecution before it is rcleased to the public. A support group tor the At tica brothers sists that Carey is already implicated 1 in the "coverup", and that "token" 1 dictments of state troopers, at this late date, are dcsigned to shield high state of" ficials - including then Governor Nelson Rockefeller -- f rom prosecution for their role in ordering the slaughter and the selective prosecution policy. The Biiltalobased group, Attica Now, is calling for total amnesty for all ers charged in the rebellion. Carey is reported to be considering partial amnesty for those still facing charges (excluding the two already convicted) plus any state ials who might have been in volved. A bilí before the state legislature would grant amnesty to troopers and guards as well, who in addition to perpetrating the 43 deaths, engaged in brutal and systematic torture of inmates for days afterwards. Jomo's defense committee has estimated that the state lias spent S1O million on the prosecution, while ( almost all the $750,000 voted by the legislature for the piïsoners' defense has been held up by state courts. V A Judge Bernard Meyer, responsible for the report on corl j ruption in the proseuction, was appointed by Rockefeller. t The question at this point, according to sources close to the case, seems to be how the state can extricate itself from the mat' ■ ter with a minimum of further embarrassment. Earlier this summer, a member of the prosecution team characterized its effort as "a shambles... We've all but given up on the cases." On the home front : the November issue of the Saiurday Evening r Post. ot all people, offers a quarter of a million dollars to the first person r r to offer in forma tion leading to the arrest S öf anyone who conspired to kill John F. Kennedy. . . . New Times, an Arizona weekly. f says the Secret Service thwarted a 1968 CIA plot to remove "Clean Gene" McCarthy from the set. Commented McCarthy, "I didn't think they put that high a f price on me.". . . . Inside the inside story: Earth News confinns that tlie confidential sources for Ruiling Stone reporters Howard Kohn and David Weir in their bomb story on the Patty Hearst escapade were, indeed. Jack and Micki Scott, formerly of :he famous Pennsylvania farmhouse. f The scuttlebutt is that Bill Colby at the CIA will probably have to be given the heave-ho soon, since his tongue has been flapping too freely of late in Frank Church's committee. . . . Look for an accompanying statement by Jerry Ford announcing liis plans to "reform" the pany. . . Rep. Michael Harrington of Massachusetts may have enougli on Henry Kissinger's involvement in the Chilean atïair to force the globe-trotting Secretary of State to find a graceful way to exit. . . Meanwhile, Liberation News Service is out with a well-documented report on the CfA's 15 years of ' covert war in Tibet (which, Ilien as now, is part of the People's Republic of China). . . . Can't teil the coups without a scoVecard' Writc the U.S. Govt. Printing Office for a codv of the Seotember 30 Coneressional Record . in which vnn will find what Harrington's office calis "a handy catalog of covert actions known to have been carried out by the CIA froni 1450 to 1974." For ll)75 on. r watch this space. In otlier developments in the intelligence community, Zodiac News reports that llie North American Air Defense Command. having nol seen any enemy bombers cross lis radar screens recently. has turned its techfticaJ know-liow against smaller private planes winging across the border fïom Mexico with a deadly cargo of (you guessed it) marijuana. . . Farther south. Henry the Traveler wiil soon bë 1 1 ving, to work something out with Panama, which luis decided il would like ils canal back and luis the support of most of Latin America, even Brail. . . Ocfober brought to riorthern Argentina the reality of t'ull-scale guerrilla wart'are, being waged by tvvo well-armed liberation movements. . . OPEC member Venezuela is in conference with Vietnamese leaders on the fine points of nationalizing foreign oil holdings. On the olhei side of the Atlantic, witli Generalissimo Franco apparently down for the count and most l of Spain's neighbors up in arms over the recent execuV tions of Iberian patriots, Morocco's miers have decided the time is ripe to annex the Spanish Sahara. The proposed method is that l 300,000 Moroccans should walk quietly across the border together, unarmed, l to announce the change in authority. A native liberation movement in the Sallara, however, has indicated its intentions of providing a Iively welcome for the invaders. A As the turmoil in Portueal continúes unahated Farth Npws nutpi; As the turnioil in Portugal continúes unabated, Earth News notes pointedly that the Pentagon has an especially keen interest in holding on " ü " ■ ■ ■ - - - J - - ■ i i T i l i i Llll VI VIl Mil ■ I J ■ i .- J ■ to its air bases in the Portuguese Azores, which occupy a strategie military position in the Atlantic. . . Also in the balance is the wealth of k raw materials contained in Angola, which the much-messed-with progressive government in the Portuguese motherland has prom promised its independenee. Two of the three so-called "rival liberation movements" scrambling for the upper hand are reportedly receiving support from our old friends, the CIA V .... The Black Panther reports tliat lan Smith's white supremacist government in Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) is k considérale offerine the nation's black maioritv a eparate state. . Remember the grisly wire reports from w Cambodia shortly after the U.S. and Lon Nol got the boot trom the Khmer Rouge? Well, the Indochina source Center has offered a few explanations: according to its recent report, Sources . . , . Informed Sources ... Infonned Sources. . . .Informed Som 7 m m m 'S 'S I 1 i ..InformedSources...InformedSources.,.InfonnedSources....Infor 4 fo 4tt ?, iTS c ís m Á 'S Vjw 'Lü %v 'Sti ƒ ■ I tal ■ - ■ I 11 l t W :A v? M kN :vw ft#l XV . __ vO H L Government & the Need to Know would be serious indeed: at stake is the very credibility of the U.S.' major litical institutions and the future ability of the al super-agencies to manipúlate domestic and world events. In an et'fort to increase public awareness of the activities of such institutions, a group called the Ann Arbor Teach-In is bringing together several internationally-known experts in a major conference at Ann Arbor s Hill Auditorium this weekend, November 2, 3 and 4 - the lOth anniversarv of the first in on the Vietnam War. The teach-in, titled The Bi-Centennial Dilemma: Who's in Control?", will offer a series of seven moming, afternoon and evening programs t'eaturing such central ï figures in the current "information renaissance" as Mark Lane, speaking on the assassination of President Kennedy: Donald Freed, author of the movie J'xcviitivc Action. speaking on the imirder of Robert Kennedy; Representative Michael Harrington of Massachusetts on international subversión by the CIA; David DuBois, Editor of the Black Pan t her newspaper, on subversión of the black líberation moveinent; and Jeremy Rifkin, Director of the People's BiCentennial Commission. There will be sessions, including workshops, on such issues as corporate manipulation, pólice repression. surveillance and dataveillance, and niind control. Tickets tbr individual sessions will be available at the door begenning Friday night at Hill. Admission for the entire conference is $3.00. Tickets and further information are available trom the Ann ArborTeach-In, 332 S. State St., Ann Arbor, Mich. 48IOK The Teach-In's telephone number is (313) 995-0404. some 15,000 people, V mostly small children, did starve to death in Phnom Penli in the last months of the pup-w ' pet regime. . . The wartime population of Plinom Penh was swollen to several V times its normal size by refueees from can bonibing in the countryside, but the U.S. cided the cargo space in its planes was needed for munitions, so the city ran out of rice. . . After the liberation, says the report, three million people were sent back to the countryside, in an orderly manner, so ihat they might be able to feed themselves and assume a productive role in the new economy. Whilc Cambodia is reponed to be getting its own rice supply togetlier in first-rate fashion, Hong Kong is scartlng down record nunibers of McDonald's apple pies. That's right-the Golden Arches are doing a brisk trade in burgers on the other side of the earth, and they will be popping up soon in Singapore, the Philippines and probablyX everywliere elsc that's still "safe tor democracy." No franchises are planned for Viet Nam. Froni the world of show biz, Varietv informs us that Chuck Colson of Watergate fame persuaded ABC's Howard K. Smith to drop a sizzling story on the CIA's involvement in the assassination of former South Vietnamese President Diem. Smitli's conversa t ion with Colson, who was relaying orders from Henry Kissinger liimself', is on tape and now in the hands of Special Piosecutoi Henry Ruth. Howard says he can't reniember the conversation. Wlierever there's a war, you can just about count on the good oíd U.S.A. getting its finger in the pie somewhere along the line. According to the New York Times, the U.S. has sold SI 00 billion wortli of weapons to no less than 136 different countries over tlie last thirty years. Many of these countries, the Times observes, have since used their new toys on eac other. Nothing like working both sides of the street! The State Department has finally released the socalled "Pumpkin Papers," which the then aspiring young attorney Richard M. Nixon used to nail Alger Hiss in ll)48 on a treason rap, launching Nixon's subsequently scandalous career. The documents. which Nixon termed at the time "documentary evidence of the most serious series of treasonable activities which has been launched against the govemment in the history of America," turned out to be somewhat less of a bombshell than Dick had indicated. One of the microfilms involved was overexposed and completelv Ilegible; the other two contained poor prints of Navy documents llustrating the construction of lite ral'ts. fuel valves, and fire extinguishers. The civil suit filed by the families of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark. Chicago Black Panthers killed by pólice in a 1969 search-and-destroy mission, and the seven survivors of the raid, goes to trial in US District Court in Chicago on November 3. The plaintiffs are asking S47 million from former States' Attorney Edward Hanrahan, who directed J the assault, and the 14 pólice in vol ved in it. I Last montn. tne us Auomey, aiter navmg announcea n naa "lost" William O'Neal, the informant who acted as llampton's bodyguard, supplied pólice with the apartment layout, and allegedly drugged Hampton before the raid, almost as quickly located O'Neal when asked to swear they didn't know where lie was. Last month, the Hampton family's lawyer claimed to have obtained documentary evidence that Hanrahan made a deal with the federal grand jury impaneled to investígate the raid. In return for dropping . indictments against the occupants of the r apartment, neither Hanrahan nor any police were to be indicted. Ballistics evidence showed that only one shot was fired from inside the apartment, while pólice delivered such a fusillade tiiat the facl that anyone survived was remarkable. _lLI Desoite o" the best efforts of major ncws media like the New York Times and ('BS News to lay the controversy at rost, the lid is still threatenina to blow off the Robert Kennedy assasination case folluwing the reflring of "lone nut" Sirhan Sirhan's gun bet'ore a panel of ballistics experts in Los Angeles October 6. I laving read the first sentence 1 of the panel's report on the " iment, billed as the supreme test of the "second gun" theory, the Times Icaped into print with a headline daiming "Experts Kulc Out Second Gun in Roben Kennedy Deatli." f Several panel members immcdiately complained thal the press had "jmnped the gnu" and misiiiteipieted tlicir fmdings. At least one. l.owell Bradtord, has callea tor a more extensive inquiry into t lie qucstions of the J direction of RFK's wounds and the number and characteristics uf bullets found on scène; CBS.which liad intervicwed N liradford atïer the tiring hui before ttic release ut the report, ded in a ncws segment his -t a temen t tliat no evidence oí a tecond gur had been tound hut omit ted the telling facl tliut the bullets t'uund on the scène could not be matched to Sirhan's gun. In tact, Biadtord said lliat somc of t lic bullets were too deformed to be matched to any gun. and thal three of t lie bullets recovered at the scène uní m;iUïi each other, but not the test bulléis. ín [ other words. it's i Rcull lo explain the presence oi the three bullets not to meiition t lie nuture of continued V on page ces . . . . Informeel Sources ... Informeel Sources . . . . Informeel Sources .. S1 , --r i . ■"" jT .i.ii ... - i i "'■' medSonrces....InformedSoiirces....InfonnedSmrces....Inforined l Jfc á? 'X sh : vV WA ,vn gpï. M. 'S CA I IFÍ ƒ i SS rW &A ' ?i f % JVA 4yi M jjfalj A ú & r ö L A . & The Politics of Murder continued ftom page 9 Kennedy's wounds without a "second gun." Los Angeles County Special ProseCUtor Thomas Kranz, :it any late. is continuing his search lor the gun. which he believes was ripped off and is piesently in the possession ol an Ai kansas stolenweapons operation. Los Angeles Cpunty Coroner Thomas Noguchi stated in his autopsy that RFK's major wound was inflicttd from behind at point-blank range, as indicated by the powdei burns on the hack of the candidate'shead. An eyewitness named Donald Schulman. who has never heen caljed to testify in the case. claims to have observed a security guard who adniits puiling his gun aftei the shopting started - fue from behind RFK. Witnesses unanimously placed Sirhan two to sixfeet away, in front of Kennedy. Sirhan's gun held only eighl ballets, luit ten were found at the scène. Information on the trajectory of the bulléis has been difficult to substantiate, Since the LAPD has conveniently "lost" bullet-riddled ceiling panels and door jambs from the scène. The President of the Academy of Forensïc Scientists says the case could have been solved years ago but for the "prevarication and stonewalling" of the Los Angeles Pólice. Sirhan. according to former San Quentin prison psychologist Eduard Simson - who spent seyeral days interviewing him in prison - gives all the indications of having been hypnoti.ed and programmed to shoot Kennedy. Simson. also a graphologist, insists that Sirhan's diary - a major piece of prosecution evidence - was a forgery. ATRAILOFCORPSES Last year, Sirhan's roomate at San Quentin was suddenly transferred to a Nevada prison, where he wrote to a Nevada state legislator and to Playboy magazine, claiming to have the story of the conspiracy to kill RFK from Sirhan's lips. Before he could talk. he was murdered in prison. This is child's play , of course, in comparison to the trail of corpses leading away from the assassination of President Kennedy five years before RFK. At least 18 material witnesses sought by New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison died mysteriously in the years following the Dealey Plaza ámbush, and a total of perhaps 00 people related in some way to the assassination have been taken off the set in all. Senator Richard Schweiker of Pennsylvania, whose committee is investigating three different conspiracy theories of the JFK assassination, says the Warren Report is "about to collapse like a house of cards." In the most recent development in the Warren Commission travesty, the FBI has admitted to destroying a threatening handdelivered letter which Lee Harvey Oswald brought to its Dallas office two days before the shooting. An FBI clerk has testified that five days before he assassination took place, the agency's southern offices received a Telex warning that an attempt on the President's life might be made in Dallas. The clerk said the offices were later ordered to destroy any evidence that didn't confirm the Warren Commission's "single bullet" theory. WAS OSWALD INNOCENT? Despite several clear indications that at least two gunmen had to be involved in the President's murder. the Warren Commission, according to'numerous investigators, concocted - under considerable pressure, and at the expense of the evidence - a theory explaining several of JFK's wounds by the trajectory of a single bullet entering the President's neck from behind. The now famous Zapruder film, of course, shows Kennedy's head jerking backward as he is clearly hit from the front as well. Several witnesses have described shots as coming from the direction of a grassy knoll adjacent to JFK's motorcade route. Although a three-quarters majoriiy of the American people now believe the Warren Commission covered up a conspiracy, must still believe Oswald was guilty. One researcher, howevet George OToole, author of The Assassination rapes lias subjeeted Oswald's taped statements of innocence to analysts by the l'Sh. a kind of after-the-facl lie delector, and eoncluded he was telling the tiuth. Rifle champions have heen unable to duplícate OswaJd's supposéd performance trom the Texas Book Depository building two1 hits out ol' three shots, l'iied in 5.6 seconds and have stated that hiswéapon was incapable of that kind of performance in front. THROWING AWAY THE KEY Oswald's assassm. Jack Ruhy. reputedly also worked lor the FBI and wanted to talk to the Wanen Commission. He died ol cáncer in jail without giving that test imorry. Dorothy Kilgallen . the only reporter to interview Ruby without pólice present, was dead of a reponed "suicide" before she could write her story. A thick CIA file on Oswald, along with JFK's brain and many volumes of evidence, is loeked up in the National Archives until the year 2039. Even without this evidence, many investigators feel that information currently being developed will be sufficient to blow the case open. If this happens, among those whose reputations will undoubtedly suffer will be León Jaworski, a special consultant to the Commission and the man Richard Nixon appointed to investígate himself, and none other than Jerry Ford, a Commission member who wrote a book based on its explanation of the murder. The Kennedy assassinations, of course, are only the most notorious of several political assassinations during the past decade now coming under intense new scrutiny. James Earl Ray, the "lone nut" blamed for killing Martin Luther King, Ji ., has been t ry ing for several months to get a retrial in order to teil his story. The shootings of Malcolm X (whose bodyguard the night he was murdered was an FBI agent), and, most recently, of George Wallace, were also explained by the familiar - and suspect "lone assássin" theory. At long last, the coat of whitewash hastily applied to the politics of murder in the past decade is wearing very thin indeed. If pressure on the "official" explanations for this reign of terror continúes to build at the present rate, we may yet perceive a pattern behind it all - and possibly avoid a future in which American politics are decided at gunpoint, rather than through what we have, perhaps naively, known as the "democratie process." COMING IN TUK SUN The November 1 V issue of The SUN will be devoted to an in-depth look at the fitst twoyears of the administration of Coleman Young, Detroit 's first black mayor. We 'II be talking about the signijicance of the politica! change, the shift ing social and economie realities in the Motor City, and how the Young administration is planning and sliaping its future. You 'II find out about the city 's nighl Ufe renaissance, meet somc of Citv llall's dynamic new ad ministra tors, and gel a closeup look at Coleman htmself. You can find The SUN all over Detroit and the suhurbs. (Sec partial suburban list on page 29 or cali 9613555 for the location nearyou).
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