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European Armies

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[Prom the New York Wortel.} Some notes upon tho armaments of the several great European powors may not be without interest at this moment. ENGIiAND. Ëngland has a regular army of 129,281 men, and a reserva of about 340,000 of all ranks, arras, and degrees of effectiveness. The militia numbers 139,018 ; the yeomanry cavalry, 15,378 ; the volunteer artillery, 29,768 ; and the volunteer riflemen, engineers, and light-Horse, 123,498. There are also 10,000 pensioners and army-reserve men in the flrst line and 22,000 in the second. The navy includes in commksion 109 sea-going steamers and 133 reserve steamers and sailing vessels. The ironclads are sixty-ono in number, with 716 guns. . Ship-building is at present being conducted with unusual activity ; fortytwo vessels, fottr of which, the Ajax, Agaiïiemnon, Nelson, and Northampton, are armorod, being oü f?ie stocks or in haiid on the lst inst. TTJEKEY. Turkey's army, under the scheme to be conipletely carried out in 1878, should consist of 150,000 regulara, 70,000 men of the flrst feflerre, 120,000 first levy, 120,000 aeoond levy, aüd 320,300 hijade, or landsturm, or 780,000 men in all. Capt. Vincent's estiuiate last June was that the Turks oould place in the field 180,376 regalara, 148,680 reserves, and 75,000 auxiliaries, or say 350,000 iufantry and 40,000 oavalry.with 348 guns. The infantry havo 200,000 Sniders, as many Henry rifles and percussion muskets ; the cavalry lave Winchester rifles and revolvers, and the ciinnon are Krupp's breechloaders, four and six pounders, with three-pounders for mountain use. The neet consists of twenty iron clads fsevei frigates, eights corvettes, and üve gun-boats) and seventy steamers, inanned by ftO,000 sailors and 4,000 marines. The iron clads are of a superior class, and mount 140 gilns. KTJSSIA. Russia's army is in process of reorganization, and looks larger on paper thnn it really is. The Sbornik, of St. Petersburg, claims a war strength of 1,463,000 men, including irregulars, or 730,000 regulara; reserves, 206,000; garrisons, 120,000; depots, 257,000; Cossacks, 70,000; local f orces, mainly Asiatic, 80,000. Capt. Vincent's estímate is 752,000 combatant infantry, 172,000 cavalry, and 2,768 guns, including 400 mitraiileuses. The navy in March, 1875, contained twenty-nino ironclads with 184guns, and 108 men-of-war with 8,694 ofneers and men. The total number of vessels of all kinds is nearly 300, mouDting 1,500 guns. OTHEB PPWBKS. Austria (Jncluding Hungary) has a ' small ironeïad fleet. Her elfective. force is 798,172 infantry', 63,746 eavairy, and ' 1,616 guns. ' Italy has 447,264 infantry, armed i alry, and 1,240 guns. Her navy consists of ninetyfive vessels, with 1,256 guns, nine being ironclads, with 346 guns. lts condition ie doubtful. Germany this1 yeör has in her standing army 418,741 men, including the train : and 67,845 cavalry and 48,627 artillery, with 2,472 guns. On a war-footinpr she i lias 1,304,841 men; the first class of the landstrum contains 175,800, and the second class wili bring the total strength up to 1,700,000 men. The fleet last November included eleven ironclada, with 105 guns; sixty-two steamers with 321 guns; and four sailing vessels, with flfty-two guns - in all seventy-seven ships, with 478 guns; and manned by something over 9,000 men. Trance is also reorganizing her army. lts effective foroe at last reports was 277,000 infantry, 68,281 cavalry, 65,096 artillery, and about 20,000 engineers, etc- in all, 430,702 men. The navy last December consisted of sixty-three iron clads, with 700 guns; 26-1 screwsteamers, sixty-two paddle-steamers, and 113 sailing vessels, carrying in all 3.073 guns. A Father's Frantic Efforts to Save His Oüild. Last Wednesday at noou, as Mr. Johnson went hdme to bis dinner, he noticed his little boy, about 7 years of age, playmg on the roadside, and his little girl near trim. Going into the house, he threw off his coat. Mrs. J. oalled Ms attention to the fire the boy had set to the dry graeis at the roadside, and wils now, at her bidding, trying to extinguish. With the remark that he woiild help, Mr. Jones took Up Ms hat and started. When a short dlstmice from the house he was thrilled with horror to see the little girl speeding up the ravine at her best run, aad a bright tongue of flre biazing a foot abovs her head. Oalling out, "run toward pa," the father started in swift pursuit. The chüd heard, but as she turned her face the fire swept over it, and she kept on without again turning until caught by tho frantic father, who tried in vain to tear the] blazing clothing from her. Unhappily her garments were all new, and it was impossible to tear them. Dropping her to the ground he succeeded in slipping a portion over her head, and then as the flames blazed up cftught them in his hands until they were extinguished. On raising her in his arms to take her home, the skin peeled from her arms and hands, which, as she ran, had constantly fluttered backward as if to fight the üre off. She had run several Imndred feet from where she caught fire. Her constant cry was, " Oh, father ! Oh, mother !" She was conscious to the last. Drs. Lotspeich and flowers wore over two hours dressing the wounds. Twothirds of the surface of her body was burned. The accident occurred at half past 12, and at 10 o'clock the next day she died. She was 4 years old the 2Gth of last August. Mr. Johnson's hands are perfectly cooked, and he is almost helpless, so far as hands are concerned. It is a great wonder that he too did not perish, as his only clothing was cotton. He thinks that had he but worn his coat the lifo of nis pet niight have been saved, but he had nothing with which to smother the fire but his bare hands. - Holden {Mo.) Enterprise. An enterprising Yankee whose reverence for historie landmarks is ouly equaled by his zeal in solling groceries and provisions, advertises in a Boston paper that his store was built in 1782 as a city market, and that Lafayotte, during the siego, stopped there one day witli his staff and ate bread and cheese on the counter. Boston was besiegod before the structure Avas erected, and Lsifayelto was not in America during the Riego. But nu matter ; the grocer is 11i.-t; now, and roady tu sec hia. customers every morning.


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