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[Washington Cor. Cmcinnati Commercial.] By collecting all the information available, such as election returns íor each year since the last census, and noting increase in voto and from State oensus rejwrts (about one dozen States baving taken censuses in 18G5-6), and from carefully noting tlie movements of population into the Western States and to our shores from Europe - by collecting all tbis information, it is now possible totell approximately what the population of the United States and Territories will be in 1880. Also what the inciense will be to each State, and the effect of that inerease upon representation in Congress and the Electoral College. The best estimates place the ineroasc of populatiou from 1870 to 1880 at 8,500,000, which would give us next year 47,058,371 popnlation. If anything this estímate is below the mark, and is certainly safe to calcúlate upon. Provided the basis of representation is not changed, the inerease in members of Congress and the Electoral College will be sixty-six. It is safe to figure upon the hy2)othesis that the basis will not be changed, for a change will make no differenee as to the relativestrength of the sections. As a matter of fact, it will have to be changed, and a larger population given to each district, for the present House of Representatives will not hold sixty-six additional members with any sort of convenience or comfort. But that makes no difference with the matters under consideration. The relative strength of the States in the House and Electoral College will be the same, whether the basis of representation is changed or not. The present House contains 293 members. If the basis is not interfered with it will contain 359 after the next apportionment, and (if no new States are admitted) there will be in the Electoral College 435 votes, requiring 218 to elect a President. All this is reached with an approximate degree of accuracy, but to get the inerease among the several States is a matter of far greater difficulty. It is believed however that the following table, which has been prepared with care, and after consultiug all the lights ftvailable, gives the facts and figures as they will appear after the next census and apportionment : I fel si STATES. S ï ■- 5 _ _ tilt1 11 Alabama 8 1 9 11 rkansu 4 2 6 8 Jalifoniia 4 3 7 0 Morado ] 1 3 O'onuecticut 4.... 4 (1 Dt-liiware 1 .... 1 3 Florida 2 2 4 acorgia !l 1 1(1 li [llinois 19 4 23 25 Indiana 13 8 16 IS lona 9 4 13 15 Kansas 3 4 7 9 Kentuoky 10 1 11 13 Louisiana 6 6 8 Maino 5 5 7 Maryland 6 17 9 Massaehusetts 11 1 12 14 HichJgan H 4 13 15 Minnesota 3 3 t 8 Mississippi 6 17 9 Missouri 13 4 17 1Í1 Nebraska 1 2 3 5 Nevada 1 .... 1 3 Now Hampsliire 3 .... 3 5 New Jersey 7 1 8 10 New York 33 5 38 40 North Carolina 8 1 9 11 Ohio aol 4 34 86 Oregon 1: 1 '2 4 Pennsylvania 27! 4 31 33 Ehodelsland m 2 4 South Carolina 5] 5 7 Tennessee 10 1 11 13 Texas 6 4 10 12 Vermont 3 j) 15 Virginia !t 1 10 2 West Virginia 3 1 4 16 Wisconsln 8 8 ll 3 The only States not making an increase in their represen tation are Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Louisiana, Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, Khode Island, South Carolina, and Vermont. Shutting Out the Mongolians. The following is the text of the bil] to restrict the immigration of Chinese to the United States, as it passed Congress: Be it enacled, etc., That no maater of any vessel owned in whole or in part by a citizen of the Uuited States, or by a citizen of any foreign country, ahall take on board such veaeel at any port or place within the Chinese empire or at any other foreign port or place whatever, any number exceeding flfteen Cliinese passenger, whether male or female, with intent to bring such passengere to the United States, and leave such port or place and bring such passengere, to any number exceeding fifteen on one voyage, within the jurisdiction of the United States. Sec. 2. That whenever a master or other person in charge of any such vessel takes on board the same at any foreign port or place any greater number of Chinese passengere than is prescribed in the flrst section of thia act with mtent to bring such passengere to the United States, and leave such port and briug such passengers to any number exceeding fifteen on ona voyage within the jurisdiction of the United States, ho shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, for each passenger so taken on board and brought within the jurisdiction of the United States, exceeding the number of flfteen, bo fined $1CK), and may al o be imprisoned for not exceeding six months. Sec. 3. That the master of any vesael arriving in the United States, or any of the Territorios thereof, from any foreign place, whatever, at the same time that he delivers a-manifest of the cargo, and, if there be no eirgo, then at the time of making a report or eutry of the vessel, pursuant to law, shall, in addition to other mañera required to be reported by law, deliver and report to the Collector of the district in which such vessel shall arrive, a separate list of all Chinese passengere taken on board the yessel at any foreign port or place, and of all such passengere on board the vessel at that time. Such list shall be sworn to by the master in the same manner as dirseted by law in relation to the manifest of cargo, and the refusal or neglect of a master to comply with tho proviaions of thia section shall receivo the same penalties, disabilitics, and perfectures as are provided for the refual or neglect to report and deliver the manifests of cargo. Sec. 4 That the amount of the several penalties imposed by the foregoing provisions shall be in lions on the vessels violating thoso provisions, and such vessois shall be libeled therefor in any Circuit or District Court of th United State where such vessel shall arrive. Sec. 5. That nothing herein contained shall be held to ïepeal or modify any law forbidding the importation of coolies, or of females for immoral puiposes, into the United States: provideJ, 110 Consul or Consular Agent of tho United States, residing at any port from which any vessel taking Chinese passengere may take her departure, shall grant the certificate provided for in sectiou 2, KW of the lievised Statutes for moro than fifteon Chinóse passengere in any one vessel. Sec. (i. That this act shall not appiy to persons oflicially connected with tho Chinese Government or any ombassy thereof, or to persons rescued from shipwreck diiring the vovage of and by a vessel bringing the same within the ! Juriediction of tho United States, or to the master of any vessel seeking a harbor in stress of weather, or to persons who may only soek temporary residence for educational purposes and who shall have a certifícate from the Chinese Government for that puroose. Sec. 7. That this act shall "take effect from and after the lat of July, 1879, and the President of the Unitod States shall imtnediatoly. on the approval of this act, give notico to thé Government of China of the abrogation of artioles 5 and (5 of the additional articles of the treaty of June 18, 1&58. between the United States and China, proclaimed Feb. 5, 1870. commonly called the Burlingame treaty.


Old News
Michigan Argus