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Make Sweeping Charges

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Last spring at a meeting of the antllmperialists held in New York city, a committee was appolnted to investígate arrny conditions in the Philippines. That committee has since been making an investigation and now throngh Charles Francis Adams, chairman, Cari Schurz, Edwin Burritt Smith, Moorfield Storey and Herbert Welsh, makes its report. This report is in the nature of a reply to President Koosevelt's review of the case of General Jacob H. Smith, who was court martialed for his part in the famous "burn and kill" order. The report commends the president's review in so far as the committee feels that the facts warrant But these men hold that Smith, Waller and others who have been courtmartialed are scapegoats rather than the only ones who deserve punishmeut. The above narned gentlemen commend the president for going as far as he has, but hold that he has not gone far enough and offer to furnish proof of their assertions. Writing with reference to the "kil! and burn" order of General Smith the committee says: "As the not unnatural result of military operations so inspired, an official report indicates that, out of a total population in a single district of 000, not less than 100,000 perished." The commlttee in its communication to the president then goes on to speak of the adniinistration of the water cure and continuing says: "Finally every severity knpwn to the state of war practices wbich have excited the 'special reprobation of the American people when reported as features of the hostilities in Cuba, under the Spanish regime, or in South África, during tbc Boor war have been of undisputed and frequeht occurrence in the Philippines. Frorn the early beginning of operations there, it has been the general practice, if not actually the order to kill those wounded in conflict. "In like marmer as respects conee.tration campa Those, as a feature in recent Spanish and South African operations, excited in us as a people the deepest indignation, combined with the most profound sympathy for those thus unmercifully dealt with. 'Ylien resorted to by our officials in the Philippines, these camps are represented as a species of recreation grounds into which the inhabitants of large districts rejoiced to be drawn and from which they departed with sorrow. Keports to which we can, on the other hand, refer give of them accounts not essentially different from the accounts recelved of similar camps established elsewhere." The committee in closing take direct issue with the president when he says that "almost universally the higher offlcers have so borne themselves as to supply the neeessary check over acts of an iinprorjer character by thelr subordinates." They hold that these acts of demoralization are far more general than the president thinks and they say they are ready to furnish proof to that effect The charges these gentlemen rnake are serious and indícate that the investigatiqn has not-gone to the bottom of the matter yet. The fact is, there Js too much poditics mixed up In the investigation on both sides- that is the investigation that has been made In the senate. It has been the purpose f one side to paint th eltuation ever TPorse than it really is probably, and of the other side to hide much of the actual facts of the situation. Under American Ímpetus education In Porto Rico seems to be making rapid beadway. Duriag the four hun■ dred years of Spanlsh control there, it is said that the government never established a single school. But under the Arnerieal military rule 612 schools were opened and 23,000 pupils enrolled. Since the establishment of civil govern ernment, or during the örst year of civil governraent, 800 schools were opened with an enrollment of 3G,000 pupils and $400,000 was set aside for the maintenance of these schools, for nine raontbs of the year. During the second year ander the overnment, $501,000 was appropriated for education by the local' legislature. One thouöand schools were maintalned and 50,000 pupils were enrolled. Evidently the Porto Ricans are eager for educa tion. It Is said if teachers could be had, 150,000 children would enter the schools at once. In this particular, and it is a mighty important one, it Is evident that American influence there has brought about a great onward movement. When the people beeome educated, republican government will mean and will be much more to them than at present. Education will constitute a saving factor in the maintenance of government by the people. It is extremely doubtful if the republican institutions of the United States could have continued to the present day without the powerful support they have constantly received from the public schools. The public schools are the most democratie agencies on earth. The infiuence of these schools in developing in the impressionable minds of the young the democratie idea is beyond all estímate. No distinction of birth, social position or wealth gives to a child any advantage in the public schools. There is a nearer approach to a dead level of equality here than anywhere else under the American flag. And if ever the theory of the equality of all men under the law becomes a practical realization, it wlll be brought about through the influence of the public school more than through all other agencies. WilliaiH J. Bryan in his reeent speech before the New England Democratie league, gave signs of returning saneness. That speech indicates that something has at least partially convinced him that there are other issues than 1G to 1 and that there is such a thing as timellness. Bryan may have been right on the money question, but so long as the people will have none of his theory it is foolish to at this time subordínate other more pressing issues to the one whicn every thoroughly sane man knows cannot be enacted into legislation. There may be other issues upon which the democracy may be able to accomplish something for the benefit of the peole. If the money question is not settled right, it is not perruanently settled and the time may and will come when the issue wüï be reopened aud something accomplished. But the opportune time is not now. Just now there are other evils from whieh the people are suffering far more acutely than from any trouble with their money. These are the questlons which should be pushed to the front, therefore, and Mr. Bryan's recent speech indicates tliat he is getting into position to be consistent in a sensible and sane way. He may yet have a great future and do the democratie party much good, but he cannot make the most of himself and benefit nis party by refusing to progress Tvith the progress of the times. In view of the very important litigation growing out of the repeal of the Michigan Central charter and the settlement of the damages to be paid the company by the state in the courts, the position of attorney general is one of the most important offices to 'be filled this year in Michigan. One of the best lawyers in Michigan is Fred A. Baker, of Detroit. He is known as the greatest constitutional lawyer in Detroit. He is on record as saying that he does not believe the Michigan Central entitled to anything for the repeal of its charter. If any lawyer in Michigan can save the state from paying a large sum of money from the state treasury to the Michigan Central Fred Baker is that man. Why would it not be the wisest thing for the democratie party at its convention next week to place the name of Fred A. Baker, of Detroit, on lts ticket for attorney general. The people would then be assured of having their interests carefully guarded. The Baker's name this year ought to add great strength to the ticket In the death of Charles Kendall Adams the educational world loses one of lts bright and shinlng lights. For more than thírty-flve years he has held prominent educational positlons and :housands of young men and women can testify to the influence his teaching has had in the makeup of their lives. He graduated from the Michigan University and spent twenty years within its halls as a teacher of history. In 1SS5 he was called to the presidency of Cornell University and in 1892 he became the head of the Wlsconsin State University and has remained in active duty until the last few rnoiitns. As teacher, executïve and author, he attained high rank. His Míe work has of that kind that it will snreiy live after biin in the hi I best Tlie monument that a great teacher erects for himself is more enduring than marble. His teaehings remain a living iufluence long after the marble crumbles.