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Fifly-six vote.-', were given for all iho candidates for Congress in the precinct of Brazos Santiago, m Texns, extending from the Neuces (o the Rio Grnnde. - Del. Adv. In Maryland tho law forbids all persons, under 3 peually, from buying of a . j'kee nkgho any bacon, pork, beef, mutton, corn, wheat. tobneco, rye or oats.The Secretary of State, of Massachusetls, roports tha.t in tha.1 Statefnot inclur ding Boston) thore were last year, 42Q3. mariages ; 40G ovor the previou, ypar, Between bachelors and maids the num,ber of marriages was 3831. Widowers an -maid 503 ; widowers & widows, 215. In the matier of agrs, it was difficult to fin.l out all the fycts, 694 women are put down as " the ngo not sla'ed," - There were 06 young tncn under 20 married - half of them to women under 20, A Machine por Mbasuring tiie Vklocity op Railway Train. - Mr. M. Ricardo Jajd before the late meeling of the British Association, a model of his very beautiful machine for registering the velocity of railway traing, The ob eet of it is to furnisli ihe railway com, sanies witli a record of the work done. - 3y tliia mean-i they would be ofun ennbled, in case of accident, to assign correcily ihe nature and cause of any accident ; and so prevent ils recurrence. The machine is closed up under the sent of a railway carriage, ond when placed there it marks on a strip of paper the speed of the train, the time of its passing cvery halfinile, and the lengthof every stoppage at a station. It is, in short, a mechanical inspector of trams. - :Ie described the npparatus, and slated hat it had gone some thousand miles without accident. It also showed the resistance of trains. - Mechantes' Jour. Pressure op the Sea. - If a piece of wood which floats on the water be forced down to a great depth in the sea, the pressure of the surrounding lquid will be forced inlo the pores of the wood, and so increase the weight thatit will nolonger be copable of floating or rising to the surface. Henee the timber of ships,which havo foundered in the deep part of the ocean, never rise again to the surface, lifce those which have sunk near the shore. A diver may with impuniU', plunge to certain depths of the sea ; but there is a limit beyond which hecannot live under the pressure to which he is subject. For the same reason it is probable that thero is a depth beyond which the fishes cannot live. They have according to Joslin been cnught in a depth, at which they must have su3toined a pressure of eighty tons to each square foot of the surface ofthëir bodies. The Torture in Solth Carolina. - "W herever the least symptom ofrebellion or insubordination appears at Charleston, on the part of a isíaye, the master sends the slave to the jail, where hc is whipped or beaten as the master desires. ïhe Duke ofSaxe Weimar,in his Travels, menliohs that he visited this jail in December, 1825 ; l-hat the " black overseers go about everywhere armed wilh cow-hides ; that in the basement story there is an apparatusupon which the negroes, by order of the pólice, or at the request of the masters, are flogged ; that the machine consists of a sort ofcrane, on which a cord wilh two nooses runs over pulleys ; the nooses are made fast to the hands of the slave and drawn up, while the feet are bound tight to a plank ; that the body is stretched out as muc-h as possible ; and thus the miserable creature reccives the exact number of lashes as counted off. The public sale of slaves in the market place at Charleston occurs frequently 1 was present al two sales where, especsally at one of them, the miserable creatures were in tears on account of their being separated from their relations and friends. At one of them, a young woman ofsixteen orseventeen was separated from her father and mother and all her relations, and every one she had formerly known. This not unfrequently happens, although I was told and beliaved that there is a general wish tn kerp relations together where it can he. done." The Patriotic Voluxteers. - We learn from the Philndelphia papers, that thirty-seven deserted wives and mothers, whose husbands and sons have departed with the last Pennsylvania regiment for the seat of war, have applied to the city authorities for relief.