UMS Concert Program, November 2, 1936: Fifty-eighth Annual Choral Union Concert Series -- Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Complete Series: 2379
Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
CHARLES A. SINK, PRESIDENT EARL V. MOORE, MUSICAL DIRECTOR
Second Concert 1936-1937 Complete Series 2379
Choral Union Concert Series
CHICAGO SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA
[Founded by Theodore Thomas in 1891]
Frederick Stock, Conductor Hans Lange, Associate Conductor
Monday, November 2, 1936, at 8:15 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Prelude and Fugue ("St. Anne's") in E-flat major .... Bach (Transcribed for modern orchestra by Frederick Stock)
Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn, Op. 56a .... Brahms
Symphony No. 3 in C minor ("The Divine Poem"), Op. 43 . . Scriabin Luttes (Strife)
Voluptes (Sensuous Pleasures) Jeu Divin (Divine Activity)
Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1, Op. 11....... Enesco
Moto Perpetuo, Op. 11 (Played by all the violins) .... Paganini (Orchestrated by Frederick Stock)
Finale of Act III, "Siegfried"........Wagner
The Chicago Symphony Orchestra has been heard in the Choral Union and May Festival concert series on previous occasions as follows: November 21, 1892; November 19, 1894; November 14, 1895; April 5 and November 10, 1896; December 18, 1899; November 4, 1901; and at the annual May Festivals from 1905-1935 inclusive, a total, including tonight's concert, of 180 performances.
The Steinway Piano and the Skinner Organ are the official concert instruments of the University Musical Society
ARS LONGA VITA BREVIS
PRO GRAM NOTES
Prelude and Fugue ("St. Anne's") in E-flat major . _ Â¦ ._ Bach (Transcribed for modern orchestra by Frederick Stock)
The title, "St. Anne," which has been given to Bach's E-flat major fugue in English-speaking countries, is due to the circumstance that the subject of the work is identical with the opening phrase of the hymn, "St. Anne," set to the text, "O God our help in ages past." The composer of the hymn tune is supposed to have been Dr. William Croft. The complete work, Prelude and Fugue in E-flat major, was written for organ. The fugue is one of the most expertly constructed of Bach's works in this form. Three sharply defined sections may be easily noticed. In the orchestral version, Mr. Stock has differentiated each of the sections sharply; in the spirit of the organ style, he builds the orchestral tonal mass to a dignified and majestic climax. The arrangement was made in 1931, and the score bears the following inscription:
"To Eric DeLamarter, artist par excellence, and faithful friend."
Variations on a Theme by Joseph Haydn, Op. 56a . . . Brahms
In spite of the artistic problem projected by the design of a theme and variations, most of the great composers have accepted the challenge thrown down by it, and have created some of their most enduring monuments in this pattern. Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Schumann, and Brahms, to name only a few, have left the definite imprint of their genius on the evolution of this form of musical expression. In its simplest pattern, the design encounters the risk of monotony on the one hand, or of mechanical variation on the other. In the hands of a genius who uses the theme as source material rather than as a basis on which varied patterns are to be overlaid, the plan becomes instinct with life and is capable of being artistically developed. The example on this evening's program is one of the most significant expressions in this form that has been written for the orchestra.
The theme upon which Brahms built this variation formed a part of a Divertimento written by Haydn for two oboes, two horns, three bassoons, and a serpent; it was probably composed in 1782 or 1783. The inscription on the title page of the manuscript is as follows:
"Divertimento mit dem Chorale St. Antoni."
From this inscription, it is not certain whether the melody of the chorale was original with Haydn or whether he had borrowed it from some previous composer.
The work consists of a theme announced in almost the same orchestral colors as in the original Haydn form, followed by eight variations and a finale. Alternating between major and minor keys, contrasting fast and slow tempi, utilizing fragments of the theme as germs for each of the variations, the composer builds up a composition of intrinsic strength and beauty of expression.
Symphony No. 3, in C minor, "The Divine Poem," Op. 43 . . Scriabin
Five symphonies are the contribution of this distinguished Russian composer to the literature of the orchestra. Dr. Eaglefield Hull, the eminent British historian and critic, has described the first symphony as a "Hymn to Art," in which Scriabin joins hands with Beethoven in his ninth symphony. In "The Divine Poem," he states that the composer "expresses the spirit's liberation from its earthly trammels, and the
consequent free expression of purified personality." The fourth symphony was given the title, "Poem of Ecstasy" and "voices the highest of all joys--that of creative work." In the fifth symphony, "Prometheus," the composer goes to the greatest extreme in his ecstasy in creative energy. He attempts to coordinate sounds, colors, and scents in the expression of a single fundamental idea.
"The Divine Poem" is scored for a large orchestra and is written in three movements, the first of which has been given the subtitle "Strife," the second, "Sensuous Pleasures," the third, "Divine Activity."
Roumanian Rhapsody No. 1, Op. 11.......Enesco
As composer, violinist, and conductor, Enesco is well known, both in Europe and in America. Utilizing Roumanian folk-songs, he has composed three separate rhapsodies in A major, D major, and D minor respectively. The one in A major on tonight's program is compounded of gay tunes, sparkling rhythms, and brilliant interplay of orchestral colors.
Moto Perpetuo, Op. 11.........Paganini
(Orchestrated by Frederick Stock)
Legends have come down to us of the remarkable technical skill of Paganini, heightened perhaps by the violinist's appearance, which has been described as "a sallow complexion, a pointed acquiline nose and long bony fingers." It is an established fact that he possessed a phenomenal mastery of his instrument, and many of his compositions give evidence of his seemingly limitless capacities in drawing sounds from the violin. The "Moto Perpetuo" was originally a movement from a sonata for violin and orchestra. It has been more frequently heard as a piece for violin with piano accompaniment. Mr. Stock has transcribed the accompaniment for the modern orchestra and has assigned the solo portion of the work to be played by all of the first violins.
Finale of Act III, "Siegfried"........Wagner
(Arranged for concert performance by Frederick Stock)
"Siegfried" is the third of the music dramas forming the group having the general title, "The Ring of the Nibelungen." The music with which this program concludes is part of that scene in which Siegfried has made the ascent of the mountainous pinnacle upon which Briinnhilde lies sleeping, surrounded by fire that can be passed only by a hero who has never known fear. The air is filled with fire clouds and flames as Siegfried moves toward the rock. Having pierced the fire, he discovers what appears to be a sleeping warrior. Siegfried advances, unfastens the helmet, removes the cuirass, and discovers, to his astonishment, the figure of a woman clad in soft feminine drapery. At this sight, so new to him--for Siegfried has not seen a woman before--the hero is thrown into great perturbation; at last he learns what fear is-learns it through the love of a woman. He stoops down and with a long and rapturous kiss, awakens the demigoddess from her twenty years' slumber (end of "The Valkyrie"). After the first delight at returning to the light of the sun and the joy of recognizing in her awakener the hoped-for hero Siegfried, Briinnhilde remembers her divine origin and seeks to repel his passionate advances; but Siegfried soon loses again his newly found fear; the womanly instinct awakens in Briinnhilde, and she throws herself passionately into his arms.
Coming Musical Events
Choral Union Concerts
Moscow Cathedral Choir.....Monday, November 16
Nicolas Afonsky, Conductor
Jascha Heifetz, Violinist.....Monday, November 30
Boston Symphony Orchestra . . . Thursday, December 10 Serge Koussevitzky, Conductor
Josef Hofmann, Pianist......Monday, December 14
Detroit Symphony Orchestra .... Friday, January 15 Bernardino Mollnari, Guest Conductor
Gregor Piatigorsky, Violoncellist . . . Monday, January 25
Artur Schnabel, Pianist.....Tuesday, February 23
Nelson Eddy, Baritone......Thursday, March 25
Organ Recital Series
Complimentary at 4:15
Wednesday, November 4......Palmer Christian
Wednesday, November 11......Harold Gleason
Professor Gleason, Guest Organist, is Head of the Organ Department and Professor of Musicology in the Eastman School of Music.
Wednesday, February 17......Arthur Poister
Professor Poister, Guest Organist, is Professor of Organ at the .University of Redlands.
Faculty Concert Series
Complimentary at 4:15 Sunday, November 15 . . University Symphony Orchestra
Hanns Pick, Soloist
Sunday, November 22.......Faculty Concert
Sunday, December 6......Handel's "Messiah"
Sunday, January 24 ... University Symphony Orchestra Sunday, January 31 (Bach Recital) . Palmer Christian, Organist
Sunday, February 21.......Faculty Concert
Sunday, March 7 .... University Symphony Orchestra
Sunday, March 21........Faculty Concert
Sunday, April 4 .... University Symphony Orchestra
Notice: The right is reserved to make such changes in the dates and artists announced as necessity may require. While wide and prompt publicity is given to dates thus changed, to avoid inconvenience it is suggested that, so far as possible, out-of-town guests confirm the dates in advance.