UMS Concert Program, February 20, 1951: Fifth Annual Extra Concert Series -- Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra
Complete Series: 3049
Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
Charles A. Sink, President Thor Johnson, Guest Conductor
Lester McCoy, Associate Conductor
Fifth Concert 19SO-1951 Complete Series 3049
Extra Concert Series
CINCINNATI SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA THOR JOHNSON, Conductor
Tuesday Evening, February 20, 1951, at 8:30 Hill Auditorium, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Overture, "In Bohemia," Op. 28.......Hadley
Intermezzo, "The Walk to the Paradise Garden" from
A Village Romeo and Juliet.......Delius
Variations on an Original Theme for
Orchestra ("Enigma"), Op. 36.......Elgar
Roumanian Rhapsody No. 2 in D major, Op. 11 . Georges Enesco
Messe des pauvres (Mass for the Poor)......Sates
(Edited, arranged, and orchestrated by David Diamond) Prelude
Priere des orgues Chant ecclesiastique Priere pour les voyageurs et les marine en danger de mort, a la tres bonne
et tres auguste Vierge Marie, mere de Jesus Priere pour de salut de mon ame
It is requested that there be no applause following this composition.
Excerpts from Act III, Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg . Wagner Vorspiel
Tanz der Lehrbuben Aufzug der Meistersinger
Note.--The University Musical Society has presented the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra on previous occasions as follows: Mar. 24, 1903, Frank van der Stucken, conductor; Feb. 17, 1915, Etnst Kunwald, conductor; Dec. 5, 1933, Eugene Goosens, conductor; Mar. 18, 1948; Nov. 15, 1948, and Jan. 17, 1950, Thor Johnson, conductor.
ARS LONGA VITA BREVIS
PROGRAM NOTES by John B. Rhodes
(From the Program Book of the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra)
Overture "In Bohemia," Op. 28.....Henry Hadley
In explanation of the title, Hadley wrote that "In Bohemia in this instance has no national meaning, but refers to that Elysium where true artists dwell." This poetic thought is scored for piccolo, two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, tuba, timpani, side drum, campanella, bass drum, cymbals, triangle, and strings. It is keyed in E-flat major.
Full orchestra proposes a vigorous theme allegro con brio, to which is appended a subsidiary subject presented by the woodwinds with strings pizzacato. These ideas suggested to a London critic, when the work was performed in Queen's Hall in 1913, that "the artist's life is a mixture of stern endeavor and dreamy pleasure." A quiet woodwind passage leads to a second theme introduced meno moto by oboe, horn and first violins. A ritardando leads back to the first subject, which is elaborated together with the second in a joyous manner, then eventually the ending maestoso e moderato recalls the main theme in broader form.
Intermezzo, "The Walk to the Paradise Garden," from the
opera, A Village Romeo and Juliet . . . Frederick Delius
The music known as "The Walk to Paradise Garden" is said to have been composed five years after the production of the opera in Berlin. Delius used thematic material from the drama as did Wagner in the Siegfried Idyll.
Gentle harmonies in cellos and bassoons, a waltz-like rhythm, with a melody for horns and bassoons, prefaces a dreamy song of the oboe with counter-harmonies of double basses. The English horn continues the theme, which is then elaborated by strings and woodwinds, until it rises in full orchestra. Fragments of the melody break away, for strings and for solo woodwinds, then the upper strings reunite with the woodwinds, as the music mounts skyward, then lengthens in the moonlight to undulating horns and woodwinds. First violins and flutes, faintly dying, close the intermezzo.
Variations on an Original Theme ("Enigma"), Op. 36
. Sir Edward Elgar
The inspiration for composing his Variations is said to have come to Elgar one evening while he was entertaining his wife with improvisations at the piano and inviting her to guess the "sitters." The work was published in 1899 by the Novello firm, was dedicated cryptically "To My Friends Pictured Within," a dedication explained as follows by the composer:
"It is true that I have sketched for their amusement and mine the idiosyncracies of fourteen of my friends, not necessarily musicians; but this is a personal matter and need not have been mentioned publicly. The Variations should stand simply as a piece of music. The enigma I will not explain--its dark saying must be left unguessed, and I warn you that the apparent connection between the Variations and the theme is often of the slightest texture. Further, through and over the whole set another and larger theme "goes," but it is not played ... So the principal theme never appears, even as in some late dramas--Materlinck's I'Intruse and Les Sept Princesses--the chief character is never on the stage."
Roumanian Rhapsody No. 2, in D Major, Op. 11 . Georges Enesco
Nationalism in music has thrived generously with the Hungarians and the Roumanians. Enesco has been fortunate in being able to combine a feeling for nationalism with fresh ideas as to craftsmanship. He has emerged into a personal style that is national, but also which is based on the folk-tunes of his native country.
Enesco composed two Roumanian Rhapsodies, the first in A major, and the second in D major. A third one is often mentioned, since it was planned and announced by his publisher at the time the first two appeared, but it has never been written.
The Rhapsody in D major is scored for three flutes, two oboes and English horn, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, cymbals, two harps and strings. It is dedicated to J. G. Pennequin.
Five melodies appear in the course of this Rhapsody. The tempo follows a rhythmic 44 pattern, marked lent, throughout the four themes. Then the tempo quickens suddenly to a 24 rhythm in the final melody. The melodious main theme is introduced by the strings, softly accompanied by the trombones and followed by the full orchestra. Next a rather mournful theme is heard from the woodwind section, again taken up by the entire orchestra. The original theme is repeated, building up to a fortissimo climax. The violins give the theme its final guise. Here the tempo increases as a solo viola presents a gay staccato tune. This theme finally dies away in the background of the full orchestra, which subsides to a pianissimo. A brief phrase from the flute brings the composition to a close.
Messe des pauvres (Edited, arranged, and orchestrated by
David Diamond.).........Erik Satie
The Mass for the Poor, to give it an English title, appeared in a June, 189S, issue of a magazine published by Jules Bois, with an introduction by his brother, Conrad Satie. Besides the excerpt printed at the head of this article, the sympathetic brother described the composer as a disinterested idealist who professed nothing but disdain for the realism which at that period had obscured the intelligence of his contemporaries.
Conrad Satie attempted an analysis of the Messe des pauvres in his preface for the magazine:
"It opens with a very characteristic Prelude which forms the basis of the Mass and consists of "motets" [the brother must have meant motifs] which recur again and again all through the service and are repeated by the organ and the choir. Between the Kyrie and the Gloria, a Prayer is interpolated called the Organ's Prayer. Through the voices of men and children the faithful implore pity; but it is for the organ to gather up all these cries of distress and convey to the Creator the prayer of the whole assembly. For this Mass is essentially a Catholic work--music for Divine sacrifice-and there is no place in it for those orchestras which figure unhappily in so many Masses . . . After hearing this Mass one might well repeat what Saint-Beuve said apropos of Pascal: "One may always remain incredulous, but one certainly ought not utter raillery or blasphemy."
Excerpts from Act III, Die Meistersinger von Nurnberg
Vorspiel. The Prelude to Act III is more elaborate than that to the second act of the opera, but does not reach the great length of the Overture which precedes the opening curtain. It has most of the same leading motives as the latter, but introduces a new theme associated with Hans Sachs, for he dominates the concluding scenes of Die Meistersinger.
Tanz der Lehrbuben. The Dance of the Apprentices occurs in St. John's meadow outside the city in the final scene. Crowds throng from the city gates with banners flying, ribbons fluttering, trumpets blaring and drums beating to greet the Mastersingers. Beflowered peasant girls spring from a boat and are caught in the arms of the merry Apprentices, who, having chosen partners, keep shouting: "A dance, a dance, town pipers; give us a tune." A fairly difficult bravura passage for the violins introduces the dance, which is more of a peasant Ldndler than a waltz--played in 34-time over a drone bass. Wagner telescoped the sedate 8-bar phrase of a waltz into a more typical 7-bar folk phrase.
Aufsug der Meistersinger. The Procession of the Mastersingers breaks into the peasants' dance as the Nurembergers cry: "Here comes the Masters!" They hurry to meet the guild barges which approach the city. They move forward with stately gait, their leader Kothner carrying a banner with symbols of King David and his harp. They advance among the cheering merrymakers until as they reach a dais reserved for them as judges of the song contest, the Masters' and Banner themes build to a triumphant climax.
MAY 3, 4, 5, 6, 1951
THE PHILADELPHIA ORCHESTRA AT ALL CONCERTS
PATRICE MUNSEL, Soprano EILEEN FARRELL, Soprano RISE STEVENS, Mezzo-Soprano BLANCHE THEBOM, Contralto COLOMAN de PATAKY, Tenor OSCAR NATZKA, Bass TOSSY SPIVAKOVSKY, Violinist ARTUR RUBINSTEIN, Pianist
WILLIAM KAPELL, Pianist EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor THOR JOHNSON, Conductor ALEXANDER HILSBERG, Conductor MARGUERITE HOOD, Conductor UNIVERSITY CHORAL UNION FESTIVAL YOUTH CHORUS
THURSDAY, MAY 3, 8:30
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor Artur Rubinstein, Pianist
Toccata and Fugue in D minor Bach-Ormandy
Concerto No. 2......Chopin
Symphonie fantastique .... Beslioz
FRIDAY, MAY 4, 8:30
Thor Johnson, Conductor Eileen Farrell, Soprano Coloman de Pataky, Blanche Thebom, Tenor
Contralto Oscar Natzka, Bass
University Choral Union
Choral Union and Soloists
SATURDAY, MAY 5, 2:30
Alexander Hilsberg and Marguerite Hood,
Conductors Tossy Spivakovsky, Violinist
Festival Youth Chorus Overture to Manjred . . . Schumann
American Folk Songs (orchestrated by Dorothy James)
Festival Youth Chorus
Rapsodie espagnole .....Ravel
Concerto in D minor .... Sibelius Tossy Spivakovsky
SATURDAY, MAY 5, 8:30
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor Rise Stevens, Mezzo-Soprano
Suite for Strings, Op. 5 ... Corelli
"Che faro senza Euridice" from
Orfheo ed Euridice .... Gluck "Voi che sapete" from
Marriage of Figaro .... Mozart "II est doux, il est bon"
from Hirodiade .... Massenet Rise Stevens
Symphony No. 1 ... Shostakovich
Air de Lia from L'Enfant prodiguc DEBU6SY
Habanera from Carmen .... Bizet
Seguidilla from Carmen .... Bizet
Polka and Fugue from Schvianda Weinberger
SUNDAY, MAY 6, 2:30
Thor Johnson, Conductor William Kopell, Pianist
Oscar Narzka, Bass University Choral Union
Overture, "Fingal's Cave" . . Mendelssohn
A Masque, "Summer's Last Will
and Testament" .... Lambert
Choral Union and Soloists
Concerto No. 3.....Prokofieff
SUNDAY, MAY 6, 8:30
Eugene Ormondy, Conductor Patrice Munscl, Soprano
Overture to "Euryanthe" . . . Weber
"Chacun lc sait" from
The Daughter oj the Regiment . Donizetti "0 mio babbino caro" from
Gianni Schicchi .... Puccini
"Mia chiamana Mimi" from
Symphony No. 3.....Creston
Lucy's Arietta from The Telephone. . Menotti Willow Sons . . . Coleridge-Taylor
Norwegian Echo Song .... Thrane The Laughing Song from
Suite from Der Rosenkavalier . . Strauss
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