Complete Series: 3416
Rackham Auditorium Ann Arbor, Michigan
1963 Eighty-fifth Season 1964
UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
Charles A. Sink, President Gail W. Rector, Executive Director Lester McCoy, Conductor
First Concert Complete Series 3416
Twenty-fourth Annual CHAMBER MUSIC FESTIVAL
New York Pro Musica
NOAH GREENBERG, Musical Director
SHEILA SCHONBRUN, Soprano
ELIZABETH HUMES, Soprano
EARNEST MURPHY, Countertenor
RAY DE VOLL, Tenor
ARTHUR BURROWS, Baritone
BRAYTON LEWIS, Bass
LaNOUE DAVENPORT: Recorder, Krummhorn, Cornett SHELLEY GRUSKIN: Flute, Recorder, Krummhorn, Schryari
JUDITH DAVIDOFF: Bass Viol PAUL MAYNARD: Harpsichord, Portative Organ, Regal
The instrumental consort rehearses under the direction of LaNoue Davenport
February 14, 15, 16, 1964 Rackham Auditorium Ann Arbor, Michigan
a r s l o n g a v i t a b r e v i s
V R O G R A M Friday, February 14, 8:30 p.m.
AN ELIZABETHAN CONCERT Honoring the 400th Birthday of William Shakespeare
THOMAS MOULEY (1557-1602)
About the maypole..........Ensemble
About the Maypole new, with glee and merryment ... Fa la la. Lo, she flies............Voices
Lo she flies, nor can I get unto her.
But why do I complain me
Say, if I die, she hath unkindly slain me. What saith my dainty darling.......Ensemble
What saith my dainty darling
Shall I now your love obtain Fa la la .... Clorinda, false............Voices
Clorinda, false, adieu, thy love torments me.
Let Thyrsis have thy heart since he contents the ... Phillis, I faine would die now.......Ensemble
Phillis, I fainc would die now .. .
For that you do not love me ...
ANTHONY HOLBORNE (fl.. 1600)
Pavan......LaNoue Davenport and instruments
Woodycock.......Judith Davidoff, bass viol
WILLIAM BYRD (1543-1623)
The Carman's whistle .... Paul Maynard, harpsichord Browning (5 voc.).........Instruments
ROBERT WHITE (ca. 1530-1574) Lamentations of Jeremiah........Ensemble
Jerusalem hath sinned grevously, therefore is she comme in decay:
... Jerusalem, return lo the Lord, thy God.
ROBERT JONES (ca. 1600)
In Sherwood livde stout Robin Hood Brayton Lewis and harpsichord
In Sherwood livde stout Robin Hood, An Archer great none greater ... Hey jolly Robin ...
The poore soule sate sighinge
(Willow Song) .... Elizabeth Humes and harpsichord
The poore soule sate sighinge by a Sikamore tree,
Singe willo willo willo! ...
With his hand in his bosom and his hcade upon his kne ...
JOHN BARTLETT (ca. 1600)
Whither runeth my sweethart
Earnest Murphy, Ray DeVoll, and instruments
Whither runeth my sweethart
Stay and take me with thee, ...
O have I ketcht thee, hay ding a ding a ding ...
TOBIAS HUME (d. 1645)
Tobacco is like love . . . Arthur Burrows and instruments
Tobacco, Sing sweetly for Tobacco, Tobacco is like love, ...
It was a lover and his lasse
Sheila Schonbrun, Ray DeVoll, and instruments It was a lover and his lasse With a have, with a hoe, and a haye nonie no, That o're the green corne fields did passe ... Swecte lovers love the spring.
JOHN DOWLAND (1563-1626)
Flow my teares (Lacirimae) . Sheila Schonbrun and instruments
Flow my teares, fall from your springs, Exilde for ever, let me mourne Where nights black bird hir sad infamy sings, There let mee live forlorne . ..
THOMAS RAVENSCROFT (1592-1635)
Wee be three poore mariners.......Ensemble
Wee be three poore Mariners, newly come from the seas, We spend our lives in jeapardy, whiles others live at ease: Shall we goe daunce the round, the round ...
ORLANDO GIBBONS (1583-1625)
London street cries..........Ensemble
God give you good morrow my masters, past three a-clocke and a faire morning. New mussels ... New fresh herrings. ... Hot apple pies ... Ripe walnuts ripe ...
The New York Pro Musica records exclusively for Decca Gold Label Records, available in monaural and stereo.
SOURCES OF THE MUSIC
I. English Madrigal School, ed. by E. H. Fellowes. Stainer & Bell. An English
Songbook, ed. by N. Greenberg. Doubleday.
II. The Pavan, cd. by R. Barrington, is included in Schott's Archive of Recorder Consorts. Woodycock is from Jacobean Consort Music, ed. by T. Dart & W. Coates (Musica Brilannica IX.) Stainer & Bell. The Carman's whistle is in The Fitzwilliam Virginal Book, ed. by Fuller Maitland & Barclay Squire. Broude Brothers. Browning comes from Vol. XVII of the Works of XV. Byrd, ed. by E. H. Fellowes. Stainer & Bell. III. Ed. by J. A. Pilgrim. Stainer & Bell.
IV. V. Ay res from An Elizabethan Song Book, ed. by N. Greenberg. Doubleday. A facsimile of the Willow Song Ms. is reprinted in Peter Warlock, The English Ayre. Oxford University Press.
V. Dances from P. Warlock's edition of Lachrimae. Oxford University Press. VI. An English Songbook, ed. by N. Greenberg. Doubleday. Street Cries, ed. by Denis Stevens. Novello.
ABOUT THE INSTRUMENTS
Music written for a specific instrumental ensemble was a rarity in the Renaissance and early Baroque eras. But it is untrue to infer from this that the art of orchestration was unknown or that a variety of instruments did not exist in these periods. Contem?porary accounts relate that the striking characteristic of orchestral sound was an infinite variety of instrumental colors.
The musical sources do not indicate any specific instrumentation until the begin?ning of the 17th century, and not always even then. The scoring used by New York Pro Musica is as close as possible to the performance practice contemporary with the compositions. The instruments used in this concert are listed below, with brief descrip?tions. All, except the bass viol and flute are modern constructions, modeled after old instruments in various collections.
Recorders are members of the flute family and were made in consorts or families. Praetorius in his Syntagma Musicum of 1619 shows eleven sizes, but states that the higher voices were seldom used "... as they shriek so."
Viols of all sizes, even the smallest, are held between the legs. In general they have six strings and sloping shoulders in contrast to the straight shoulders of the violin family. The body is thicker than that of the violin, the strings more loosely strung, and the fingerboard is fretted.
The Krummhorn, a soft wind instrument, derives its name from its curved body. Its double reed is encased in a wooden cap, the cap having a hole at the top through which the player blows.
The Schryari or Rauschpfeif is a loud wind instrument, also with a capped double reed. Having a most piercing sound, it was made in families for use in outdoor performances.
The Transverse Flute, still in regular orchestral use, has been changed consider?ably from its original state. Made of wood, not silver, it did not acquire its elaborate key system until the late 19th century.
The Cornett combines characteristics of both the brass and woodwind families. The sound is produced via a cup mouthpiece, somewhat like our trumpet, but the instrument is made of wood and is fingered after the manner of a recorder. There are two versions of this instrument; one is straight (Ital., cornetto diritto), while the other, and more popular, is curved. The curved treble cornett has a thin leather cover?ing and its lowest note is either c' or a'. Contrary to other instruments of the time, cornetts were rarely used in families. Besides the treble instrument there was a tenor cornett (Ital., torto) in c, which was used in consort with sackbuts and other mixed ensembles.
The Portative is a small organ consisting of one rank of stopped flue pipes. The Regal is also a one rank organ whose tones are produced by reed pipes with wooden resonators. Both were widely used as ensemble instruments during the middle ages and Renaissance.
The Harpsichord is a single manual keyboard instrument with two sets of strings at eight foot pitch and a harp stop. There are two ranks of jacks; one with leather plectra, the other with quill plectra.
Parts for Percussion instruments were not indicated in early music. However, the countless paintings depicting percussion of every variety attest to its use in early music.