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UMS Concert Program, February 3, 2018 - Estonian National Symphony Orchestra

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Estonian National Symphony Orchestra Neeme JŠrvi Artistic Director and Principal Conductor Garrick Ohlsson / Piano Saturday Evening, February 3, 2018 at 8:00 Hill Auditorium Ann Arbor 57th Performance of the 139th Annual Season
139th Annual Choral Union Series This eveningÕs performance is supported by Bank of Ann Arbor, Anne and Paul Glendon, and Dody Viola. Media partnership provided by WGTE 91.3 FM, WRCJ 90.9 FM, and Ann ArborÕs 107one. The Steinway piano used in this eveningÕs concert is made possible by William and Mary Palmer. Special thanks to Tom Thompson of Tom Thompson Flowers, Ann Arbor, for his generous contribution of lobby floral art for this eveningÕs performance. Mr. Ohlsson and the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra appear by arrangement with Opus 3 Artists. The Estonian National Symphony OrchestraÕs 2018 US tour is made possible through the support of EstoniaÕs centenary celebrations. In consideration of the artists and the audience, please refrain from the use of electronic devices during the performance. The photography, sound recording, or videotaping of this performance is prohibited. PROGRAM Heino Eller Five Pieces for String Orchestra (excerpt) Homeland Tune Johannes Brahms Piano Concerto No. 1 in d minor, Op. 15 Maestoso Adagio Rondo: Allegro non troppo Mr. Ohlsson Intermission Eduard Tubin Symphony No. 5 in b minor Allegro energico Andante Allegro assai FIVE PIECES FOR STRING ORCHESTRA (EXCERPT) (1953) Heino Eller Born March 7, 1887 in Tartu, Estonia Died June 16, 1970 in Tallinn, Estonia UMS premiere: This piece has never been performed on a UMS concert. Snapshots of HistoryÉIn 1953: ¥     U-M alumnus Arthur MillerÕs The Crucible opens on Broadway ¥     The first Chevrolet Corvette is built in Flint, Michigan ¥     The Korean War ends Heino Eller Òwas able to establish totally new standards in small Estonia, thereby laying the cornerstone of professionalism in music.Ó It was EllerÕs most famous former pupil, Arvo PŠrt, who praised his teacher (himself a student of Rimsky-Korsakov) in these words. Thanks in no small part to the advocacy of Neeme JŠrvi, EllerÕs music has been receiving more international attention in recent years. ÒHomeland TuneÓ is the last of Five Pieces for String Orchestra, orchestrations of short piano pieces written over the years. The short suite blends Baltic/Nordic influences with the Russian tradition: Tchaikovsky meets Grieg, Romanticism becomes enriched with gentle impressionistic overtones, and echoes of Estonian folk music are integrated into an international musical idiom. ÒHomeland TuneÓ is a hymn-like, dignified melody that conjures up images of the vast forests, winding rivers, picturesque lakes, and long coastline of Estonia, a country tiny by size but rich in its history and natural beauty. PIANO CONCERTO NO. 1 IN D MINOR, OP. 15 (1858) Johannes Brahms Born May 7, 1833 in Hamburg, Germany Died April 3, 1897 in Vienna UMS premiere: Pianist William Kapell with the Philadelphia Orchestra conducted by Alexander Hilsberg; May 1946 in Hill Auditorium. Snapshots of HistoryÉIn 1858: ¥     MacyÕs department store opens in New York City ¥     Hymen Lipman patents a pencil with an attached eraser ¥     Homosexuality is legalized in the Ottoman Empire I have always thought that some day, one would be bound suddenly to appear, one called to articulate in ideal form the spirit of his time, one whose mastery would not reveal itself to us step by step, but who, like Minerva, would spring fully armed from the head of Zeus. And he is come, a young man over whose cradle graces and heroes have stood watch. His name is Johannes Brahms...and he bears even outwardly those signs that proclaim: here is one of the elect. These prophetic words were written by Robert Schumann, in an article titled ÒNew PathsÓ that was to end almost 20 years of his activities as a music critic (including quite a few as the main editor) of the Neue Zeitschrift fŸr Musik, GermanyÕs most important music journal. The date was October 28, 1853. Brahms was barely 20 years old, and had not composed anything but piano music and songs, although these already included the three big piano sonatas. In addition, his piano playing was unusually expressive. A single visit by Brahms at the SchumannsÕ in DŸsseldorf was enough to convince the older composer that Òhere was one of 
the elect.Ó Sadly, with this article Schumann was not only welcoming a major new talent; he was also passing on the torch. For only four months later, on February 26, 1854, he attempted suicide by throwing himself into the Rhine, and was subsequently taken to a mental asylum where he died two years later. Brahms was deeply shaken by these tragic events. Upon hearing the news of SchumannÕs illness, he rushed to DŸsseldorf to provide support for Clara Schumann, who was expecting her seventh child at the time. He fell passionately in love with Clara, 14 years his senior, who was one of the greatest pianists of her day, and a woman of exceptional culture, intelligence, and charm. He was torn between his feelings of loyalty to his friend and mentor and his love for his friendÕs wife, a love probably not unreturned, despite ClaraÕs devotion to her husband. After SchumannÕs death, however, Brahms and Clara pulled apart, later settling into a warm friendship that was to last until ClaraÕs death in 1896. (Brahms himself died the following year.) This emotional turmoil was further aggravated by a professional crisis for the young Brahms. The high expectations raised by SchumannÕs glowing article weighed heavily on him. He received some valuable introductions as a result of that article, and got his first works published by the prestigious Leipzig publisher, Breitkopf&HŠrtel. Nevertheless, he felt that he had yet to prove himself, had yet to write the Great Work that would establish him as the new genius whose advent Schumann had prophesied. He made sketch after sketch, filled notebook after notebook, but was dissatisfied with everything he wrote. Two of the large-scale compositions started during this time were finished only 20 years later: the Piano Quartet in c minor (1875), and Symphony No. 1 (1876), also in c minor. The third one, and the first to reach completion, was what eventually became the d-minor Piano Concerto. In 1854, Brahms was reportedly working on a symphony, now lost. It has been suggested that these sketches already contained some of the music for the Concerto, but this cannot be proven as Brahms destroyed his sketches. By February 1855, he had decided on a concerto, but the work still caused him much trouble and worry. The music was sent back and forth between Brahms and his best friend, violinist-composer Joseph Joachim, whose advice Brahms trusted more than anyone elseÕs. The composer often despaired of ever being able to set right the Òdisastrous first movement, which cannot be born.Ó Joachim was generous with his advice, freely criticizing what he did not like and working closely with Brahms on many details over a period of two years. In December 1857, Brahms lamented, ÒNothing sensible will ever come of it.Ó By the next spring, however, he finished the concerto, and Joachim started rehearsing it with his orchestra in Hanover. A performance had been planned for the spring of 1858, but that did not materialize. The premiere finally took place on January 22, 1859, in Hanover. Joachim conducted, and Brahms himself played the piano part. It was well received, if without any particular enthusiasm. In contrast, the second performance five days later, at the famous Gewandhaus in Leipzig, turned out to be the greatest fiasco of BrahmsÕs entire life. There the orchestra was led by a musician who did not know Brahms very well, one Julius Rietz. Brahms wrote to Joachim after the concert: I played considerably better than in Hanover, and the orchestra was excellent.... The first and second movements were heard without the slightest motion. At the close, three pairs of hands attempted slowly to strike against one another, whereupon a perfectly unequivocal hissing from all sides forbade such demonstrations. Nothing further to report about that event, for nobody has yet said a word about the piece to me, with the exception of [concertmaster] Ferdinand David, who was very friendly.... I believe this is the best thing that could happen to one; it forces one to pull oneÕs thoughts together and stimulates oneÕs courage. After all, I am only experimenting and feeling my way as yet. But the hissing was too much, wasnÕt it? One might wonder about the causes of this failure. After all, Brahms could hardly have been decried as one of those Òincomprehensible modernists.Ó The world of German music at the time had begun to polarize into two camps. The traditionalists, who wrote the name of Schumann on their banner, were opposed by those who rallied around Liszt and his so-called ÒNew German School.Ó There was no doubt that Brahms belonged to the first of these camps. Yet the unusually heightened dramatic quality of the concerto posed a challenge that few listeners were prepared to meet. Ironically, the intensity of the gesture in the concertoÕs first few bars is somewhat reminiscent of the opening of LisztÕs Piano Concerto in E-flat Major, premiered only a few years earlier in 1855. The two works, of course, later progress in entirely different directions, yet both begin in ways that contemporaries could not help perceiving as outrageously modern. Even today, when Brahms isnÕt ÒmodernÓ in the same way anymore, a sensitive listener will be struck (in the strong sense of the word) by the timpani roll, followed by a melody that startles with its violent accents, interspersed with tension-filled pauses, and a tonal ambiguity resulting from the fact that the first cadence in d minor (the home key of the piece) does not arrive until measure 66. An extended passage in the home key is not heard until the piano makes its first entrance with a soft, lyrical melody. Until then, the music constantly modulates, and it often remains unclear for several measures what the key is. At the very beginning, the notes of the B-flat-Major triad over a continuing drumroll on ÔDÕ produce a very unsettling effect, compounded by the repeated appearance of ÔA-flatÕ (emphasized by trills and accents), which produces a strong dissonance with the bass. The repeat of the same music a half-step lower is an even stronger surprise. Eventually, the movement settles into a fairly regular sonata form, with exposition, development, and recapitulation. But its dimensions are enormous, and the contrasts between the numerous themes are extreme. BeethovenÕs Ninth Symphony (also in d minor), which Brahms heard for the first time during his years of struggle with the concerto, was a decisive influence. Among the many unforgettable moments in the first movement are the extended, hymn-like piano solo in a slower tempo and the haunting horn solo following shortly. The periodic returns of the dramatic initial theme retain their power and energy to the end. The second-movement ÒAdagioÓ is one of BrahmsÕs most intimate musical statements. In the original manuscript, the movement bore a quotation from the Latin Mass: Benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini (Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord). The expressive theme, played by strings (violins muted) and bassoons, is taken over by the piano, which embellishes it with ornaments and figurations. The clarinets introduce a second theme, which leads to a brief forte exclamation. The first theme soon returns and, after a short and dream-like cadenza, the movement ends with the sudden entrance of the timpani, silent until this point in the ÒAdagio.Ó The fact that the timpani does not play ÔDÕ (the pitch of the home key) but its dominant ÔA,Õ results in a strange suspense at the movementÕs end. In the last movement, Brahms seems to pay tribute simultaneously to Bach and Beethoven. The polyphonic textures and vigorous syncopations of the main theme recall BachÕs Piano Concerto in d minor, while BeethovenÕs Piano Concerto No. 3 in c minor was a model in other respects. The central fugato, or section in imitative counterpoint, was certainly inspired by a similar passage in the Beethoven. If the first movement lacked a cadenza, the finale has two. The first, marked Òquasi Fantasia,Ó is a series of figurations over a sustained pedal that is sometimes in the low, and sometimes in the middle or high register. This is followed by the modulation from gloomy and dramatic d minor to festive and serene D Major, a change that gives the ÒRondoÓ theme an entirely new character. We barely recognize the theme when the bassoons and oboes intone it with a dolce (sweet) sound quality. This variation on the theme leads into a brief orchestral fortissimo and then into the second cadenza (this one also based on a sustained pedal, but more melodic than figurative in character). After this second cadenza, there is only a short, jubilant coda left to close the work. At age 25, Brahms felt he had accomplished the Great Work he had aspired to write, but the response he had hoped for failed to appear. Although subsequent performances were more successful than the disastrous Leipzig premiere, the composer was deeply wounded, and this may explain in part why he waited almost 20 years before completing his first symphony. SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN B MINOR (1946) Eduard Tubin Born June 18, 1905 in Torila, Estonia Died November 17, 1982 in Stockholm, Sweden UMS premiere: This piece has never been performed on a UMS concert. Snapshots of HistoryÉIn 1946: ¥     Charles de Gaulle resigns as President of France ¥     Six inmates unsuccessfully try to escape from Alcatraz Prison, resulting in the Battle of Alcatraz ¥     Yogi Berra makes his Major League Baseball debut Eduard Tubin, who studied with Heino Eller a generation before Arvo PŠrt, fled Estonia in 1944 when the Soviets invaded and annexed the previously independent country. He and his family found a new home in Sweden, where he completed a distinguished oeuvre of 10 completed symphonies, five concertos, operas, ballets, and a significant body of chamber music. TubinÕs Fifth Symphony was written two years after the composerÕs arrival in Stockholm, and was premiered there on November 16, 1947. The three-movement work begins with a sonata ÒAllegroÓ whose two themes (one soft and rhythmically active, the other lyrically expansive) are almost always heard simultaneously after being first introduced one after the other. The beginning of the development is marked by a new theme, announced by a pair of horns; the entire section will be dominated by the brass. In the recapitulation, the rhythmically active first theme, which had been played piano at the beginning, turns into a massive statement for full orchestra in quadruple fortissimo. At the same time, the trombones continue their theme from the development section. The coda brings back the earlier horn theme, adding a wild duo Ñ or duel Ñ between the two timpani players (a little like in Carl NielsenÕs Fourth Symphony, ÒThe Inextinguishable,Ó from 1916). For the end of the movement, the tempo broadens as the violins announce the final theme con passione. The pizzicato music of the cellos that opens the second movement is derived from an Estonian folk song whose words express feelings of nostalgia about a happy childhood in a distant land. This folk song, however, is used merely as an accompaniment to another melody, the Estonian chorale ÒNight Will Soon End,Ó first played by the violas. The chorale theme is followed by six variations, gradually rising in intensity until a climax is reached. At this moment, the first movementÕs initial rhythmic idea reappears in the two timpani parts, as a reminder of past conflicts. The ÒAndanteÓ ends with an ethereal restatement of the chorale melody by muted strings. The last movement is characterized by a high level of rhythmic energy until shortly before the end when, after a gradual decrescendo, a slower tranquillo section is suddenly introduced with a new lyrical melody in the strings. This melody is combined with a fanfare for three trumpets that starts piano and becomes more and more powerful; another martial timpani duo is also added to the mix. It is interesting that each of the symphonyÕs three movements ends with prominent timpani solos. The third one is the most grandiose of all, allowing for a weighty and solemn statement to end the symphony.   Program notes by Peter Laki. ARTISTS The head of a musical dynasty, Neeme JŠrvi (artistic director and principal conductor) is one of todayÕs most highly respected maestros. A prolific recording artist, he 
has amassed a discography of more than 600 recordings. Over his long and highly successful career he has worked with the most prestigious orchestras including the Berliner Philharmoniker, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Symphonieorchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Gewandhausorchester Leipzig, Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, and Wiener Symphoniker, as well as the major orchestras in the US including the New York and Los Angeles philharmonic orchestras. He also continues to have regular relationships with the NHK, Shanghai, and Singapore symphony orchestras as well as the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, Goteburg Symphoniker, and the Royal Scottish National Orchestra. Maestro JŠrvi has held positions with orchestras across the world.ÊHe is currently artistic director of the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, as well as music director emeritus with both the Residentie Orkest and the Detroit Symphony Orchestra. He is also principal conductor emeritus of the Gothenburg Symphony, conductor laureate of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, and head of conducting/artistic advisor of the Gstaad Conducting Academy. He was artistic and music director of the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande until summer 2015, and ended his tenure with a European tour. Maestro JŠrvi has recorded with Chandos for over 30 years and his most recent discs are Le— WeinerÕs Five Divertimentos and Serenade and Strauss in St. Petersburg, both with the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra. Other recent releases include TchaikovskyÕs complete ballets with the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra, symphonies and orchestral music byÊSwiss composer Joachim Raff, and music by Massenet, Chabrier, Saint-Sa‘ns, Atterberg, Suchon, Ibert, and Xaver Scharwenka. Maestro JŠrvi has been honored with many international awards and accolades. From his native country, these include an honorary doctorate from the Music Academy of Estonia in Tallinn, and the Order of the National Coat of Arms from the President of the Republic of Estonia, Mr. Lennart Meri. The Mayor of Tallinn presented him with the cityÕs first-ever ceremonial sash and coat of arms insignia, and he has been named one of the ÒEstonians of the Century.Ó Neeme JŠrvi holds an honorary doctorate of Humane Letters from DetroitÕs Wayne State University and the University of Michigan, as well as honorary doctorates from the University of Aberdeen and the Royal Swedish Academy of Music. He has also received the Commander of the North Star Order from King Karl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. The Estonian National Symphony Orchestra (ENSO; known in Estonian as Eesti Riiklik SŸmfooniaorkester or ERSO) is the longest continually operating professional orchestra of its kind in the country. The OrchestraÕs history dates back to 1926 and, like that of many other world orchestras, is connected to the birth of national broadcasting. Since 2010, it has been led by principal conductor and artistic director Neeme JŠrvi, while Paavo JŠrvi has been its artistic advisor since 2002, and Olari Elts its principal guest conductor since 2007. The OrchestraÕs previous principal conductors were Olav Roots (1939Ð44), Paul Karp (1944Ð50), Roman Matsov (1950Ð63), Neeme JŠrvi (1963Ð79), Peeter Lilje (1980Ð90), Leo KrŠmer (1991Ð93), Arvo Volmer (1993Ð2001), and Nikolai Alexeev (2001Ð10). The Orchestra performs with renowned conductors and soloists from around the world, naturally including Estonian musicians of the highest caliber. Its recordings on CD (Chandos, BIS, Erato, Harmonia Mundi, ECM, Virgin Classics, and ERP) demonstrate a quality recognized by many prestigious music magazines, having won several prizes, including a Grammy Award. In addition to broadcast performances on Estonian Public Broadcasting, the ENSO has also been aired on the Mezzo television channel. The OrchestraÕs home venue is the Estonia Concert Hall in Tallinn, but it has also undertaken more than 50 concert tours, most notably three-week tours of Italy in 2003, the US in 2009 and 2013, and China in 2016. In addition, the ENSO has regularly given concerts in European and Scandinavian countries, appearing at many prestigious festivals in Kšln, New York, Verona, Genoa, Munich, and Stockholm. With a repertoire ranging from the Baroque period to the present, the ENSO has also given premiere performances of symphonic works by almost every Estonian composer, including Arvo PŠrt, Erkki-Sven TŸŸr, Eduard Tubin, Eino Tamberg, Jaan RŠŠts, Lepo Sumera, T›nu K›rvits, and Helena Tulve. In celebration of the centenary of the Republic of Estonia, the ENSO embarks on a tour to Hong Kong, Germany, and Georgia in addition to the US. In February 2018, shortly before the centenary of the Republic of Estonia, Maestro Neeme JŠrvi will bring EstoniaÕs first oratorio Ñ JonahÕs Mission by Rudolf Tobias Ñ with the ENSO to the renowned concert stage of the Konzerthaus Berlin. For more information, please visit Garrick Ohlsson (piano) has established himself worldwide as a musician of magisterial interpretive and technical prowess. Although long regarded as one of the worldÕs leading exponents of the music of Chopin, Mr. Ohlsson commands an enormous repertoire ranging over the entire piano literature and he has come to be noted for his masterly performances of the works of Mozart, Beethoven, and Schubert, as well as the Romantic repertoire. To date he has at his command more than 80 concertos, ranging from Haydn and Mozart to works of the 21st century. This season that vast repertoire can be sampled in concerti ranging from Chopin, Mozart, Beethoven, Brahms, Barber, and Busoni in cities including St. Louis, Washington, Cincinnati, San Francisco, Portland, Prague, Stockholm, Wroclaw, and Strasbourg. In recital he can be heard in New YorkÕs Tully Hall, Seattle, Denver, Houston, Los Angeles, and Puerto Rico. He will appear twice during the season with the Indianapolis Symphony Ñ first playing two Prokofiev concerti in one weekend in which all five will be programmed, and returning later in the season with TchaikovskyÕs Piano Concerto No. 1. An avid chamber musician, Mr. Ohlsson has collaborated with the Cleveland, Emerson, and Tokyo string quartets, and this fall will tour with the Tak‡cs Quartet. Together with violinist Jorja Fleezanis and cellist Michael Grebanier, he is a founding member of the San Francisco-based FOG Trio. Mr. Ohlsson can be heard on the Arabesque, RCA Victor Red Seal, Angel, BMG, Delos, HŠnssler, Nonesuch, Telarc, Hyperion, and Virgin Classics labels. A native of White Plains, New York, Mr. Ohlsson began his piano studies at the age of eight at the Westchester Conservatory of Music; at 13 he entered The Juilliard School in New York City. He has been awarded first prizes in the Busoni and Montreal Piano competitions, the Gold Medal at the International Chopin Competition in Warsaw (1970), the Avery Fisher Prize (1994), the UMS Distinguished Artist Award in Ann Arbor, (1998), and the Jean Gimbel Lane Prize in Piano Performance from the Northwestern University Bienen School of Music (2014). Mr. Ohlsson is a Steinway Artist. UMS ARCHIVES This eveningÕs concert marks Maestro Neeme JŠrviÕs 11th appearance under UMS auspices, following his UMS debut in November 1973 in Hill Auditorium with the St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra. He appeared at UMS eight times in the 1990s during his tenure as music director of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, and most recently appeared at UMS in February 2000 in Hill Auditorium conducting the Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra. Pianist Garrick Ohlsson makes his 12th appearance under UMS auspices this evening, following his UMS debut in a July 1971 recital in Rackham Auditorium. He was awarded the UMS Distinguished Artist Award in May 1998 as part of the Ford Honors Program, and most recently appeared at UMS in October 2002 with the Tak‡cs Quartet in Rackham Auditorium. UMS welcomes the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra as the Orchestra makes its UMS debut this evening. ESTONIAN NATIONAL SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Neeme JŠrvi / Artistic Director and Principal Conductor Violin I Arvo Leibur / Concertmaster Triin Ruubel / Concertmaster Marge Uus / Associate Concertmaster Nina Kawaguchi Kristiina Kungla Kirti-Kai Loorand Astrid Muhel Hanna-Liis Nahkur Merje Roomere Piret Sandberg Danae Taamal Kaiu Talve Tarmo TruuvŠŠrt Violin II Kaido VŠlja / Principal Kadi Vilu / Associate Principal Eeva-Liisa Ehala-Tammiku Johanna Marie Kork Triin Krigul Miina Laanesaar Egert Leinsaar Kristjan N›lvak Varje Remmel Urmas Roomere Violas Rain Vilu / Principal Helena Altmanis Mall Help Kaja Kiho Sandra KlimaitŽ Julija Makarina Juhan Palm-Peipman Toomas Veenre Cellos Theodor Sink / Principal Riina Erin Joosep K›rvits Paul-Gunnar Loorand Katrin Oja Aare Tammesalu Maris Vallsalu Villu VihermŠe Double Basses Mati Lukk / Principal Regina Udod / Associate Principal Imre Eenma Madis JŸrgens Xiaonan Nie Ants Ínnis Flutes Mihkel PeŠske / Principal Linda Vood Janika Lentsius / Piccolo Oboes Guido Gualandi / Principal Heli Ernits T›nis Traksmann / English horn Clarinets Signe S›mer / Principal Madis Kari / Associate Principal Meelis Vind / Bass clarinet Bassoons Peeter Sarapuu / Principal Kaido Suss Martin Tuuling / Contrabassoon Horns Ye Pan / Principal Mattias Vihmann / Associate Principal Kalle Koppel T›nu KŸnnapas Valdek P›ld Trumpets Indrek Vau / Principal Erki Mšller / Associate Principal Istv‡n Bar‡th Trombones Andres Kontus / Principal Peeter Margus / Associate Principal VŠino P›llu Tuba Madis Vilgats Percussion Madis Metsamart / Principal Rein Roos / Associate Principal Kaspar Eisel Kristjan MŠeots Administration Kristjan Hallik / General Manager & Member of the Board Daily Trippel / Production Manager Marko Metsaru / Orchestra Manager JŸri Korjus / Stage Manager Anastassia Drat.ova / Tour Assistant / Sales Manager Maarja Kasema / Publications Manager Opus 3 Artists David V. Foster / President & CEO Robert Berretta / Vice President & Manager, Artists & Attractions Leonard Stein / Senior Vice President & Director, Touring Division Tania Leong / Associate, Touring Division Kay McCavic / Tour Manager Donald Irving / Stage Manager TONIGHTÕS VICTORS FOR UMS: Bank of Ann Arbor Ñ Anne and Paul Glendon Ñ Dody Viola Supporters of this eveningÕs performance by the Estonian National Symphony Orchestra. MAY WE ALSO RECOMMEND... 2/14    Emmanuel Pahud 2/17    The GershwinsÕ Porgy and Bess 4/22    Murray Perahia Tickets available at ON THE EDUCATION HORIZONÉ 2/13    Artist Interview: Janai Brugger     (Watkins Lecture Hall, Moore Building, 1100 Baits Drive, 2:30 pm) 2/16Ð17    The GershwinsÕ Porgy and Bess: A Symposium     (Gallery, Hatcher Graduate Library, 913 S. University Avenue)     Please visit for full schedule details and to register. 2/19    FRAME: A Salon Series on Visual Art, Performance, and Identity     (202 S. Thayer Street Building, Atrium, 7:00 pm) Educational events are free and open to the public unless otherwise noted.

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